Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Alice: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Alice.

  • Neil: And I'm Neil. Can you pass me my drink, Alice?

  • Alice: Cola, Neil? That's very unhealthy.

  • Neil: You told me to stop drinking coffee because it's unhealthy.

  • Now you're telling me cola is bad too.

  • Alice: Cola is full of sugar. There are about six teaspoons in each can.

  • Neil: At least. That's pretty sugary, I admit!

  • Alice: Well, we're talking about diabetes today.

  • Diabetes is a condition where the body can't control the amount of glucose or sugar in the blood.

  • If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications, including heart attack, stroke,

  • kidney failure, and blindness.

  • Neil: I'm not diabetic, though, Alice, so what's the problem?

  • Alice: Well, diabetes is on the rise or increasing all over the world.

  • And particularly type 2 diabetes where risk factors include obesityor being very overweight

  • unhealthy diet and lack of physical exercise.

  • Neil: I see. Well, while I think about that, maybe you could ask me today's quiz question.

  • Alice: OK. Can you tell me how many people in the world suffer from diabetes?

  • Is it... a) 4.15 million?

  • b) 41.5 million?

  • Or c) 415 million?

  • Neil: I'll take a guess and say b) 41.5 million.

  • Alice: Well, we'll find out if you got the right answer later on, Neil.

  • Now, why do you think people are eating less healthily than they used to?

  • Neil: Well, processed food has become very popular, and whilst it often tastes really good,

  • it isn't always a healthy choice.

  • Alice: Do you eat a lot of processed food, Neil?

  • Neil: Of course not, Alice!

  • Processed food, by the way, is food that's been changed from its natural state,

  • for example, by freezing or re-hydrating it, or by adding ingredients to it such as sugar, salt or fat.

  • But let's move on now and talk about exercise.

  • Alice: OKbut I hope you aren't planning to have fried chicken again for lunch today

  • from that dodgy fast-food joint round the corner.

  • Now, one reason that people are taking less exercise than they used to is because of lifestyle changes.

  • With increasing urbanisation people are no longer doing jobs that involve as much physical activity.

  • Neil: Yes, it's true.

  • And urbanisation means the growth of towns and cities as people move there from the countryside to live and work.

  • We're all sitting in cars, and offices, or on our sofas in front of the TV.

  • Alice: But it's also true that children are less active than they used to be.

  • I remember running around all the time outdoors when I was a kid.

  • Nowadays, they're all in front of screens, playing computer games or watching videos on YouTube.

  • Neil: So, adults and children are at higher risk of developing diabetes if they are overweight

  • because they are likely to have higher levels of sugar in their blood.

  • Let's hear more about this from Dr Etienne Krug from the World Health Organization.

  • Dr Etienne Krug: Diabetes is a kind of continuum.

  • Gradually the levels of sugar in the blood increase until reaching the level of being

  • diagnosed with diabetes.

  • But people, before reaching diabetes, have too high level of sugar as well, sometimes,

  • and that can be dangerous too

  • particularly causing cardiovascular diseases, which contributes to mortality too.

  • Neil: What's a continuum, Alice?

  • Alice: It's something that changes slowly over time.

  • So in this case, as people increasingly eat food that's high in sugar and fat,

  • the amount of sugar in their blood increases.

  • Neil: And having a high blood-sugar level may reach a tipping point

  • Or a point when small changes become significant enough to cause a big change

  • And you develop diabetes.

  • But even if you don't develop diabetes, high blood sugar can be damaging to your health.

  • Alice: It isn't only damaging to the individual, though.

  • Diabetes has a huge cost to society – $827bn is currently being spent every year to treat the disease.

  • Neil: That's big bucks!

  • What can we dowhat can governments doto tackle this health crisis, Alice?

  • Alice: Well, a key approach is to tackle the global rise in obesity because this addresses

  • not only diabetes but other diseases, too, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.

  • Let's hear more from Dr Krug about ways to do this.

  • IDr Etienne Krug: We need a combination of approaches to promote physical activity and

  • to improve the ways we eat and that goes from breast feeding or even working with young

  • kids to increase healthy eating.

  • But the sugar tax is a good example that has contributed in Mexico to a decrease in sales of sugary drinks.

  • And sugary drinks ... just one drink can sometimes represent more sugar than a person needs for the whole day.

  • Neil: Government schemes to encourage healthy eating sound like a good plan, but trying

  • to get kids to eat vegetables might be tough!

  • Alice: Or stop you from drinking sugary drinks, Neil, for that matter.

  • Neil: Leave me alone!

  • Alice: Alright, then.

  • But the government tax on sugary drinks has worked in Mexico ... and the UK government

  • is also planning to do this.

  • OK! Now remember I asked you, Neil:

  • How many people in the world suffer from diabetes? Is it... a) 4.15 million? b) 41.5 million?

  • Or c) 415 million?

  • Neil: And I said 41.5 million.

  • Alice: Sorry, that's the wrong answer, Neil.

  • Neil: Of course it's the wrong answer!

  • Alice: Yes, I'm afraid so.

  • According to the Diabetes International Federation, based in Belgium, as of 2015, an estimated

  • 415 million people have diabetes worldwide.

  • This represents 8.3% of the adult population, with equal rates in both women and men.

  • Neil: OK, I'll be drinking herbal tea from now on.

  • Let's listen to the words we learned today. They were:

  • diabetes

  • glucose

  • on the rise

  • obesity

  • processed food

  • urbanisation

  • continuum

  • tipping point

  • Neil: Well, that's the end of today's 6 Minute English. Please join us again soon!

  • Both: Bye.

Alice: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Alice.

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B1 UK TOEIC alice diabetes sugary processed blood

BBC 6 Minute English July 07, 2016 - Diabetes

  • 7620 299
    Adam Huang posted on 2016/07/09
Video vocabulary