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  • I don't know where the government gets off on telling me what I should do and what I

  • shouldn't do. I tell you that really pisses me off and I'd really like to tell that guy....

  • Hi, I'm just in the middle of a political rant.

  • "Rant" is when you talk about something in an angry way and you're just talking, you're

  • not really thinking about it, or processing it, you're just complaining.

  • So I was in a rant, because of what the government did, and I wanted to tell somebody off. I'm

  • quite pissed off, and I don't know where they get off telling me what to do.

  • Now if you look, I used a lot of "off", "off", "off" -- phrasal verbs. What is a phrasal

  • verb? It's a two- to three-word verb. I've done lessons on phrasal verbs before, so please

  • check some of them out. But what I want to get across to you right

  • now is the particle "off". When I teach phrasal verbs, I try to teach it a little differently

  • than other teachers, because for me it makes more sense to work with particles.

  • A "particle" is a word that is joined with other words to make sense. For instance phrasal

  • verbs are two- or three-word verbs, and we use off, and up, and down, and those other particles.

  • The first part is the verb, all right? I prefer using the particles, because I find

  • looking at 100 particles is easier than looking at 1000 verbs. The verb is always modified

  • by the particle so in my mind if we learn what the particle means, it's going to be

  • easier to understand the phrasal verb. You with me? Let's go to the board, get some

  • of this off. All right what does "off" mean? There are two basic meanings for "off", okay?

  • Basically it either means movement away, or preventing. "Preventing" is a fancy word that

  • means stopping, okay? Now even there we can go a little more and

  • go: movement away can mean release, detach, or let go. These are similar -- not exactly

  • the same, but similar. And when we're preventing, it means to not include, or to separate, basically.

  • Now we've got the basic movement or meaning of "off" down. Let's move on.

  • We'll look at the board here and we've got Mr. E saying "Goodbye, cruel world", and he's

  • jumping off, right? And by doing this we mean right here, movement away, all right? So with

  • our movement away we have four here: "See off", "make off", "set off", "scare off".

  • Remember what "off" means. It means, well we said movement, letting go, or detachment,

  • right? So let's start with the first one, if I'm going to "see you off", it basically

  • means you are going somewhere, maybe you're flying back to Japan, or to Cairo, or to London;

  • places I want to visit! Okay, and I go to the airport and I stand

  • there and then your airplane is taking off and our whole family is waving at you. Well,

  • we're "seeing you off", all right? So we're seeing you leave or leave "off", get "off"

  • the ground and fly in the sky. So when you "see someone off" you are going to see them

  • go away, all right? They are moving away from you.

  • "Make off". In the year 2008, there was a guy named Bernie Madoff. It's kind of a funny

  • name because "make off" means to escape, or, you know, to escape or not get caught. It

  • also means to steal. So when you "make off" with something, it

  • means you escaped from punishment, or you stole something. Mr. Bernie Madoff "made off"

  • with a billion dollars. I want him to be my next best friend in this venture. You can

  • do these movies with that worm with me. Okay, "set off". It means to begin, or we

  • say here let go or release. It's a movement away. When you "set off" like in the morning

  • when you go to work a lot of people say, "I went to work at nine in the morning."

  • I can tell you I left my house at nine in the morning, or I "set off" because it's a

  • movement away from my house. So "he set off early in the morning", it means to leave or

  • go early right? You "set off for school" -- leaving for school.

  • Next one: "scare off". Ladies, if you ever saw me in the morning without all this beautiful

  • makeup, you'd be scared. I would "scare you off". It means to make something afraid, so

  • it moves away. At your house maybe you see a dog, and it's going pee-pee. You go "get

  • out, get out of here, get out of here", and you try to scare off the animal, all right?

  • So this is movement away from -- "off". We talk about movement.

  • There's another one when we talk about movement away. I told you it also means "release".

  • "Release" means let go or detach. We can use this for emotions. We use "off'' to help describe

  • emotions -- the happy and the sad ones. The first one is "get off".

  • Mr. E "gets off" on reading books. "Get off" means to have emotional excitement or enjoyment,

  • so if you "get off" on reading books or good music, it means you enjoy it. In the adult

  • way, "get off" means sexual release -- that's another video.

  • Anyway, so you can "get off". So you can say "I get off on good music." or "good wine".

  • And people say "Oh, you really enjoy it." Or "I get off..." and I don't want to know

  • anymore, just stop right there, don't want to know, okay? Now off from "getting off"

  • from enjoyment. Sometimes people make me upset, and I have

  • to "tell them off." What that means is release some words or let my anger come out, all right?

  • I'm going to "tell you off". You've done something wrong and in very strong words I'm going to

  • tell you what you've done. Employers do this with employees often. "You

  • were late for work.You were drinking on the job, and now I find you with my cat in

  • the closet. What's going on here?" They're "telling you off". They're saying this is

  • wrong behavior; change it. Now, finally, if you "tell someone off", and

  • they do it again, you know those people you tell them off, you tell them off, you tell

  • them off, and they do it again. Now you go: "That's it! I'm pissed off. I am pissed

  • off now." "Pissed off" means angry. I'm not going to talk anymore, someone's going to

  • die. Mr. E is dead, see? He pissed me off, I threw

  • him off. That's how it goes here. That's how we roll, okay? "Roll" means that's how we

  • act, and that's what we do around here. That's how we roll. You piss us off, we're going

  • to kill you like that bug. Sorry, I'm tired. Okay, so now that we've talked about movement

  • away and we talked about how we can use it for emotions, and we talked about how it actually

  • is physical movement. Let's talk about the second part, which is "preventing" which means

  • a separation or non-including. Look at the words. "Para". "para" comes from

  • "parallel" -- when two things are alike or similar, but they don't join together. That's

  • that separation we're talking about. So we're going to look up here about "pull off", "round

  • off", and "write off", okay? When you "round off", it's when we take one

  • number and we go to either the higher 10 or the lower 10. So if you have 15, you can round

  • off at 10, which is lower, or 20, which is higher. An example: you are going to a restaurant

  • and you have some friends coming. And they say to you how many people do you think will

  • come?" You say, "I don't know, 16 or 17." The person

  • who owns the restaurant might say, "Let's round that off to 20 shall we?" Because it's

  • an easier thing to deal with, rounding off to that 10 than to say 10. 10 is too low,

  • 20 is easier. So you might round off and I go "Hey, I owe

  • you like $25." You go "Don't worry about it, just give me $20." You've rounded down. You

  • made it lower, easier, so to "round off" means to make a zero, okay? "Round off".

  • Then the next one we'll look at, because remember when you're doing that, you're separating,

  • because it's not 17. It's 20, or it's 20 or 15, but you're rounding it off to the next

  • number, and you're actually separating. We'll look at the next one: "pull off." To

  • "pull something off" is to do something unexpected, because there's a lot of difficulty. Let me

  • say that again slower. When you "pull something off", you're able to do something that is

  • extremely difficult, and you shouldn't be able to do. That usually separates you from

  • other people. Well, when I said "How did you pull that off?"

  • Nobody else can do it, but you could, because you're special and you watch EngVid, you can

  • "pull off" this lesson and learn when other people won't. Nice.

  • So if somebody is running a race or... let's say soccer. Canada is playing Brazil in the

  • World Cup. Canada beats Brazil. All the Brazilians of the world are now going, "How did they

  • pull it off? It's impossible!" Right? You've been separated from the best. You've

  • separated. So this is where you say "oh, I thought..." Like yeah, sometimes it's not

  • going to be obvious. But when you think about it you go, "yeah, that kind of makes sense.

  • I never thought of it like that." And finally, "write off". "Write off" is similar

  • to "round off," because what happens when you "write something off", you say the value

  • of it is zero, what? This is more of a business term. Businesses "write off" a lot of things

  • a lot of time. Yes, so what they'll say is... This and this. In case you wanted to give

  • me a Christmas present, and Christmas for me is 365 days of the year.

  • See they're bringing presents for me right now. The police are bringing them. I love

  • it when they bring me my presents. Anyway, here is the first computer we had, not very

  • good and small. Here's the iPad 2. iPad 3 is out now, people!

  • Anyway, I would "write this off", and say this has zero value. Oh, sorry, iPad 4 -- I've

  • been corrected. I like that one better. *wink, wink*. Listen, this one has zero value compared

  • to this, so I would "write this off" and say it's no good. I want this one, okay?

  • So when somebody says "we're going to write it off", we're saying the value of it is not

  • good, but it's not just for business. Unfortunately, some parents "write off" their children when

  • they think, "This child is no good, they are going to be in the garbage, or a prostitute,

  • or..." let's not say what else they can be. And they "write them off" and say you have

  • zero value. Please don't do that to your children boys and girls, okay? So if you "write someone

  • off", or you "write off" someone, you say they are of no value. We cannot use them,

  • all right? Now, finally, "off" is used for prevention.

  • "Fence off", "cordon off". I'm a little bit off right now. I'm off the screen, yeah? But

  • I want you to see this. "Fence off". We use these things to separate

  • people from things. A fence, you've seen these around your house to keep people out of your

  • house, you know you have a wall like this. It keeps people "off". Fence. "Fence off"

  • an area means to close it off. "Cordon off" is what you'll see when these

  • people come. I hope you can hear. This is the police. Usually when something bad has

  • happened, well it must be very bad. There are many of them. They stand around in a circle

  • put they put tape or wire and say "Don't come in", and that's called "cordon off".

  • Well, listen, it's time for me to get off of the screen. We're running out of time.

  • But remember "off". Go do the video and do the quiz where all of these are explained

  • at www.engvid.com , okay? Don't tell off your friends, just tell them about it. See you.

  • Learn English for free www.engvid.com

I don't know where the government gets off on telling me what I should do and what I

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

A2 movement phrasal write fence pull pissed

Phrasal verbs - OFF - make off, get off, pull off...

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    Zenn posted on 2013/04/29
Video vocabulary