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  • What’s the point of putting lipstick on a guinea pig? Other than making the guinea

  • pig look fabulous, obviously

  • Hello there, lovely people, Amy here on DNews. I wear cosmetic products, obviously, and probably

  • you do, too, even if you don’t think you do. That’s because along with makeup, moisturizers,

  • and nail polish, the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) definition of cosmetics includes things

  • like shampoo, deodorant, and toothpaste. Unless those cosmetics also treat something like

  • dandruff or cavities, provide sun protection, or have a color additive, the FDA has no authority

  • to regulate them and it’s up to the cosmetic company to make sure theyre safe before

  • they hit the market

  • There are a lot of factors to consider when testing a cosmetic. Manufacturers need to

  • know if products will cause an allergic reaction; if theyll cause temporary or irreversible

  • skin or eye damage; at what point theyre toxic if absorbed through the skin, lungs,

  • or digestive tract; the effects of long-term exposure; if theyre carcinogenic; if they

  • cause infertility; or if they cause birth defects. Pretty much all the things you need

  • to worry about if youre a teenage boy who overuses body spray

  • But cosmetic companies can’t jump straight to testing on teenage boys because they’d

  • probably get a call from their irate mothers. No. Companies don’t test on humans because

  • it’s inhumane and if something goes wrong, it might irreparably harm a human being. Before

  • a human uses a product, we have to be sure theyre reasonably safe, so for a long time

  • animals were used to test the chemicals in cosmetics first. Usually the tests involve

  • mice, rats, guinea pigs, or bunnies. Understandably, many people consider these tests inhumane,

  • and some places like Europe have banned products that have been tested on animals entirely.

  • Other places like China actually require animal testing on the finished products. The FDA’s

  • stance falls somewhere in the middle: companies are neither encouraged or discouraged to test

  • on animals, though the FDA has stated they would like to gain the maximum amount of information

  • using the fewest animals as humanely as possible. Depending on what theyre testing for, scientists

  • might use just one bunny or as many as 2,600 mice.

  • Cosmetic makers would probably rather not test on animals if they could avoid it. It’s

  • expensive and a PR nightmare. Plus using an animal for testing a chemical’s effects

  • on people can be imprecise because, well, theyre not people. But scientists are developing

  • methods that substitute animals for test tubes. The Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives

  • to Animal Testing, appropriately acronymed to CAAT, is foremost in in vitro testing.

  • But some things, like how a product behaves when inhaled, still can’t be replicated

  • artificially. Other proposed methods involve using mathematical models to extrapolate how

  • thousands of different chemicals will behave after testing just a tiny fraction. Either

  • way, learning more about what we put on and in our bodies is always a valuable pursuit,

  • otherwise we could end up like the Romans, who unknowingly poisoned themselves with white

  • lead used for makeup foundation. All for the sake of beauty

  • Ultimately, moving away from animal testing will require some innovative changes

  • Tech innovations are constantly changing our livesboth professionally and personally

  • If you are fascinated with the latest in tech innovations and how they're impacting the

  • world around you, check out Full Sail University. Full Sail has spent 30 years developing degree

  • programs that help you build a skill set for the tech industry. To learn more about these

  • programs, and all of Full Sail’s technology degree programs, visit fullsail.edu/DNews

  • A lot of research depends on using animals, particularly lab mice. But why mice? Trace

  • explains right here.

  • Though cosmetic testing on animals gets more attention, most animal testing is done for

  • pharmaceutical or biomedical research. Is using animals okay for one but not the other?

  • Share your thoughts in the comments and remember to subscribe so you never miss an episode

  • of DNews. Thanks for watching.

What’s the point of putting lipstick on a guinea pig? Other than making the guinea

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Why Do We Still Test Cosmetics on Animals?

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    羅紹桀 posted on 2016/05/25
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