Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Climate deal, shlimate deal, amirite? We don't actually have to do anything, do we?

  • At the recent COP21**** climate conference in Paris, 195 countries promised planet Earth

  • we'd stop messing with her. The press is calling it a huge win for environmentalists, world

  • cooperation, and for the health of our planet. President Obama said in a speech after the

  • deal was signed, this could be "the best chance we have to save the one planet we have." But

  • we just signed a piece of paper, we haven't done anything yet.

  • The UN has held a Climate Change "Conference of the Parties," every year since the mid-90s,

  • but more often the narrative is about their shortcomings rather than successes. The U.S.

  • famously avoided the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, and at the 2009 Copenhagen conference the

  • rich European countries (who got rich by burning coal) told developing nations like China and

  • India to agree to the same cuts they were imposing on themselves -- nah bro. There are

  • a lot of examples of climate policy fails, but listing them all gets depressing. While

  • we fight over language, climate change continues to ravage the planet. Knowing this, decisionmakers

  • came to Paris with a different strategy!

  • Unlike conferences in the past, Paris' COP21 let each country set its own goals for limiting

  • or slowing carbon emissions, fighting deforestation,

  • and identifying the adverse effects of climate change. In the last year, every country submitted

  • a set of goals, called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Though each

  • are different, they're all based on keeping Earth under the dangerous 2C temperature increase

  • agreed on at Cancun's COP in 2010. Now everyone has the same finish-line, and their own map

  • to get there, AND they've all signed the COP21 deal! We're on our way y'all!! Right? Maybe?

  • So next, is each country shifts their wooden-cogged bureaucracies into gear toward a net-zero

  • emissions goal. From now until 2018, when they meet next, they'll assess how to achieve the first steps laid

  • out in the Paris accords; then they'll showcase their kickstarted plans. According

  • to their INDCs: China is investing heavily in clean energy and will attempt to decrease

  • after 2030; the U.S. will reduce carbon emissions by 26 percent from levels measured in 2005;

  • the European Union will cut 40 percent, Brazil will cut 37 percent and curb deforestation

  • to keep the Amazon carbon sink in tact -- trees suck up carbon! Yay! India (the third largest

  • CO2 emitter) is planning to promote clean energy generation and consumption. And even

  • many Pacific Islands (some of which will be underwater before the 2100 target date) are

  • submitting INDCs! The Paris agreement is exceedingly complex, but COP21 guarantees each nation

  • has their own, reachable, goals! The politicians involved are calling this a huge diplomatic

  • success; but is that the scientific reality? [[skeptical noise]].

  • Vox put together a chart from Climate Action Tracker data, and found without COP21's plan

  • we'd hit a 3.8C increase by 2100. With the Paris pledges we'll still hit 2.7C! WAY over

  • the 2C upper limit! The agreement calls for deep reductions. And we need DEEP cuts, but

  • they will hurt. So, to help developed nations overachieve their goals, rich countries pledged

  • 100 billion dollars per year in public and private investment by 2020 to will help the

  • poorer countries get affordable clean energy and lessen their struggles to meet ambitious

  • climate goals.

  • Look, in the end, the Paris talks are revolutionary on one hand because nearly 200 countries recognized

  • publicly that lowering carbon emissions to curb climate change is important! So what

  • happens now? The diplomats have to convince the governing bodies of their home nations

  • to follow the pledge. What we have to do now is as citizens, keep the pressure on our leaders.

  • While the actual GOALS aren't legally punishable, they will HAVE to show up in public transparently,

  • and say WHY they didn't meet them every five years. In the end, most are seeing this as

  • the first step of a long, hard road. But a road that will have our children and descendants

  • breathing easier. Of course, some countries won't be breathing

  • at all, because climate change will have already drowned some of them, overrunning their land

  • with ocean. Check that video out here

Climate deal, shlimate deal, amirite? We don't actually have to do anything, do we?

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B1 US climate climate change carbon clean energy deal planet

Climate Deal in Paris: Everything You Need to Know

  • 575 58
    羅紹桀 posted on 2015/12/17
Video vocabulary