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  • Translator: Joseph Geni Reviewer: Morton Bast

  • Chris Anderson asked me if I could put the last 25 years

  • of anti-poverty campaigning into 10 minutes for TED.

  • That's an Englishman asking an Irishman to be succinct.

  • (Laughter)

  • I said, "Chris, that would take a miracle."

  • He said, "Bono, wouldn't that be a good use of your messianic complex?"

  • So, yeah.

  • Then I thought, let's go even further than 25 years.

  • Let's go back before Christ, three millennia,

  • to a time when, at least in my head, the journey for justice,

  • the march against inequality and poverty really began.

  • Three thousand years ago,

  • civilization just getting started on the banks of the Nile,

  • some slaves, Jewish shepherds in this instance,

  • smelling of sheep shit, I guess,

  • proclaimed to the Pharaoh, sitting high on his throne,

  • "We, your majesty-ness, are equal to you."

  • And the Pharaoh replies, "Oh, no.

  • You, your miserableness, have got to be kidding."

  • And they say, "No, no, that's what it says here

  • in our holy book."

  • Cut to our century, same country, same pyramids,

  • another people spreading the same idea

  • of equality with a different book.

  • This time it's called the Facebook.

  • Crowds are gathered in Tahrir Square.

  • They turn a social network from virtual to actual,

  • and kind of rebooted the 21st century.

  • Not to undersell how messy and ugly

  • the aftermath of the Arab Spring has been,

  • neither to oversell the role of technology,

  • but these things have given a sense of what's possible

  • when the age-old model of power, the pyramid,

  • gets turned upside down, putting the people on top

  • and the pharaohs of today on the bottom, as it were.

  • It's also shown us that something as powerful

  • as information and the sharing of it can challenge inequality,

  • because facts, like people,

  • want to be free, and when they're free,

  • liberty is usually around the corner,

  • even for the poorest of the poor --

  • facts that can challenge cynicism

  • and the apathy that leads to inertia,

  • facts that tell us what's working and,

  • more importantly, what's not, so we can fix it,

  • facts that if we hear them and heed them could help us

  • meet the challenge that Nelson Mandela made

  • back in 2005,

  • when he asked us to be that great generation

  • that overcomes that most awful offense to humanity,

  • extreme poverty,

  • facts that build a powerful momentum.

  • So I thought, forget the rock opera,

  • forget the bombast, my usual tricks.

  • The only thing singing today would be the facts,

  • for I have truly embraced by inner nerd.

  • So exit the rock star.

  • Enter the evidence-based activist, the factivist.

  • Because what the facts are telling us

  • is that the long, slow journey,

  • humanity's long, slow journey of equality,

  • is actually speeding up.

  • Look at what's been achieved.

  • Look at the pictures these data sets print.

  • Since the year 2000, since the turn of the millennium,

  • there are eight million more AIDS patients

  • getting life-saving antiretroviral drugs.

  • Malaria: There are eight countries in sub-Saharan Africa

  • that have their death rates cut by 75 percent.

  • For kids under five, child mortality, kids under five,

  • it's down by 2.65 million a year.

  • That's a rate of 7,256 children's lives saved each day.

  • Wow. Wow. (Applause)

  • Let's just stop for a second, actually, and think about that.

  • Have you read anything anywhere in the last week

  • that is remotely as important as that number? Wow.

  • Great news. It drives me nuts

  • that most people don't seem to know this news.

  • Seven thousand kids a day. Here's two of them.

  • This is Michael and Benedicta,

  • and they're alive thanks in large part

  • to Dr. Patricia Asamoah -- she's amazing --

  • and the Global Fund, which all of you financially support,

  • whether you know it or not.

  • And the Global Fund provides antiretroviral drugs

  • that stop mothers from passing HIV to their kids.

  • This fantastic news didn't happen by itself.

  • It was fought for, it was campaigned for,

  • it was innovated for.

  • And this great news gives birth to even more great news,

  • because the historic trend is this.

  • The number of people living in back-breaking,

  • soul-crushing extreme poverty has declined

  • from 43 percent of the world's population in 1990

  • to 33 percent by 2000

  • and then to 21 percent by 2010.

  • Give it up for that. (Applause)

  • Halved. Halved.

  • Now, the rate is still too high -- still too many people

  • unnecessarily losing their lives.

  • There's still work to do.

  • But it's heart-stopping. It's mind-blowing stuff.

  • And if you live on less than $1.25 a day,

  • if you live in that kind of poverty,

  • this is not just data.

  • This is everything.

  • If you're a parent who wants the best for your kids -- and I am --

  • this rapid transition is a route out of despair and into hope.

  • And guess what? If the trajectory continues,

  • look where the amount of people living on $1.25 a day

  • gets to by 2030.

  • Can't be true, can it?

  • That's what the data is telling us. If the trajectory continues,

  • we get to, wow, the zero zone.

  • For number-crunchers like us,

  • that is the erogenous zone,

  • and it's fair to say that I am, by now,

  • sexually aroused by the collating of data.

  • So virtual elimination of extreme poverty,

  • as defined by people living on less than $1.25 a day,

  • adjusted, of course, for inflation from a 1990 baseline.

  • We do love a good baseline.

  • That's amazing.

  • Now I know that some of you think this progress

  • is all in Asia or Latin America or

  • model countries like Brazil --

  • and who doesn't love a Brazilian model? --

  • but look at sub-Saharan Africa.

  • There's a collection of 10 countries, some call them the lions,

  • who in the last decade have had a combination

  • of 100 percent debt cancellation,

  • a tripling of aid, a tenfold increase in FDI --

  • that's foreign direct investment --

  • which has unlocked a quadrupling of domestic resources -- that's local money --

  • which, when spent wisely -- that's good governance --

  • cut childhood mortality by a third,

  • doubled education completion rates,

  • and they, too, halved extreme poverty,

  • and at this rate, these 10 get to zero too.

  • So the pride of lions

  • is the proof of concept.

  • There are all kinds of benefits to this.

  • For a start, you won't have to listen

  • to an insufferable little jumped-up Jesus like myself.

  • How about that? (Applause)

  • And 2028, 2030? It's just around the corner.

  • I mean, it's about three Rolling Stones farewell concerts away.

  • (Laughter) I hope. I'm hoping.

  • Makes us look really young.

  • So why aren't we jumping up and down about this?

  • Well, the opportunity is real, but so is the jeopardy.

  • We can't get this done until we really accept

  • that we can get this done.

  • Look at this graph.

  • It's called inertia. It's how we screw it up.

  • And the next one is really beautiful.

  • It's called momentum.

  • And it's how we can bend the arc of history

  • down towards zero,

  • just doing the things that we know work.

  • So inertia versus momentum.

  • There is jeopardy, and of course,

  • the closer you get, it gets harder.

  • We know the obstacles that are in our way

  • right now, in difficult times.

  • In fact, today in your capital, in difficult times,

  • some who mind the nation's purse want to cut

  • life-saving programs like the Global Fund.

  • But you can do something about that.

  • You can tell politicians

  • that these cuts [can cost] lives.

  • Right now today, in Oslo as it happens,

  • oil companies are fighting to keep secret

  • their payments to governments

  • for extracting oil in developing countries.

  • You can do something about that too.

  • You can join the One Campaign,

  • and leaders like Mo Ibrahim, the telecom entrepreneur.

  • We're pushing for laws that make sure that at least some

  • of the wealth under the ground

  • ends up in the hands of the people living above it.

  • And right now, we know

  • that the biggest disease of all

  • is not a disease. It's corruption.

  • But there's a vaccine for that too.

  • It's called transparency, open data sets,

  • something the TED community is really on it.

  • Daylight, you could call it, transparency.

  • And technology is really turbocharging this.

  • It's getting harder to hide if you're doing bad stuff.

  • So let me tell you about the U-report,

  • which I'm really excited about. It's 150,000 millennials

  • all across Uganda, young people

  • armed with 2G phones, an SMS social network

  • exposing government corruption

  • and demanding to know what's in the budget

  • and how their money is being spent.

  • This is exciting stuff.

  • Look, once you have these tools,

  • you can't not use them.

  • Once you have this knowledge, you can't un-know it.

  • You can't delete this data from your brain,

  • but you can delete the cliched image

  • of supplicant, impoverished peoples

  • not taking control of their own lives.

  • You can erase that, you really can,

  • because it's not true anymore. (Applause)

  • It's transformational.

  • 2030? By 2030, robots,

  • not just serving us Guinness, but drinking it.

  • By the time we get there,

  • every place with a rough semblance of governance

  • might actually be on their way.

  • So I'm here to -- I guess we're here

  • to try and infect you with this virtuous, data-based virus,

  • the one we call factivism.

  • It's not going to kill you.

  • In fact, it could save countless lives.

  • I guess we in the One Campaign would love you

  • to be contagious, spread it, share it, pass it on.

  • By doing so, you will join us and countless others

  • in what I truly believe is the greatest adventure ever taken,

  • the ever-demanding journey of equality.

  • Could we really be the great generation

  • that Mandela asked us to be?

  • Might we answer that clarion call with science,

  • with reason, with facts,

  • and, dare I say it, emotions?

  • Because as is obvious, factivists have feelings too.

  • I'm thinking of Wael Ghonim, though.

  • Some of you know him. He set up one of the Facebook groups

  • behind the Tahrir Square in Cairo.

  • He got thrown in jail for it,

  • but I have his words tattooed on my brain.

  • "We are going to win because we don't understand politics.

  • We are going to win because we don't play their dirty games.

  • We are going to win because we don't have a party political agenda.

  • We are going to win because the tears

  • that come from our eyes actually come from our hearts.

  • We are going to win because we have dreams,

  • and we're willing to stand up for those dreams."

  • Wael is right.

  • We're going to win

  • if we work together as one,

  • because the power of the people

  • is so much stronger than the people in power.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

  • Thank you so much. (Applause)

Translator: Joseph Geni Reviewer: Morton Bast

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B1 TED poverty extreme poverty data people living great news

【TED】Bono: The good news on poverty (Yes, there's good news) (Bono: The good news on poverty (Yes, there's good news))

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    Max Lin posted on 2015/12/12