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  • Over the past couple of weeks

  • we've been looking at speed reading in depth.

  • In this video we looked at the science of how our

  • eyes move over text and how our brains process that text.

  • And in this video we looked at some common

  • speed reading techniques and showed how

  • they're really not as effective as a lot of people want to believe they are.

  • So, the question still remains, though.

  • Are there ways you can legitimately

  • increase your reading speeds?

  • Well, I believe that there are

  • and in this video I want to give you

  • five different methods

  • that you can use to actually read faster.

  • The first method is deceptively simple

  • and, well, maybe a little bit inconvenient.

  • It's to simply read often, read widely,

  • and read challenging material.

  • I emailed a post-doctorate researcher

  • at the University of San Diego named Elizabeth Schotter

  • who's done a lot of research on speed reading for this episode.

  • And I asked her, what are the skills that

  • help people learn to read faster?

  • And she told me, for skilled readers who are still reading

  • at that 200 to 400 words per minute range,

  • they're people who have a lot of experience reading,

  • who have a lot of command over their language and vocabulary

  • a lot of prior background knowledge they can

  • use to apply to whatever it is they're reading quickly.

  • This indicates what you probably already know.

  • Reading is a skill, and like any other skill

  • that's worth the time to take to build,

  • reading does take time and practice to get good at.

  • Now this next method will help you

  • if you have the same problem with reading

  • that I have. When I'm trying to read non-fiction,

  • I really want to know what's in the book,

  • but I'll often find myself getting bored or,

  • more commonly, I'll read one sentence that will

  • send me down a mental rabbit hole of sorts,

  • and then I'll find myself daydreaming.

  • So to reduce the instances of boredom and daydreaming

  • when you're reading, I have two different ideas for you.

  • And the first one is to form what I call an

  • "Interest Link" with something you're already interested in.

  • And that's a term I completely just made up right now,

  • but the general idea is to try to connect the thing

  • you're reading, with something that you already have

  • a lot of interest in.

  • Another idea is to do a little bit of experimenting

  • to find your optimal spot for reading.

  • For example, this arm chair is not a good spot for me to read.

  • Whenever I read here I find myself daydreaming all the time,

  • and that's why I tend to do a lot

  • of my reading outside instead.

  • Okay, so, third method.

  • And this applies mainly to textbook reading

  • or readings where you already know the

  • specific type of information you want to pull out of it

  • or at least have a general idea.

  • And it is to "Pre-Read" before you start actually reading.

  • And by pre-reading I mean

  • going through the chapter headings,

  • the table of contents,

  • looking at bold and formatted text throughout the chapter,

  • and going to the end of chapter and

  • looking at the vocabulary terms

  • and the review questions.

  • By doing these things beforehand,

  • you're essentially priming your brain

  • to notice the most important information

  • when you're reading, and that will

  • let you do the next method, which,

  • and this is gonna go completely against everything you

  • probably think I've been building towards in this series.

  • "Skimming"

  • Even thought we've established that skimming is

  • a form of reading where your comprehension is lower,

  • it's still an essential skill because, let's face it,

  • the text that you're presented with in the book

  • is way more than the text that you actually need

  • to put into your brain.

  • Skimming is a great way to get yourself

  • through the monstrous amount of reading

  • you have to do to get the gist, or overall idea,

  • when the actual small little details aren't

  • quite as important to get.

  • Now my favorite method of skimming is one that

  • Cal Newport came up with called "Psuedo Skimming."

  • And this is basically a method when you go through

  • your textbook reading and you skim through

  • the paragraphs looking for the specific paragraphs

  • that are more important than the other ones.

  • The ones that hold main ideas, concepts,

  • and the things you need to remember.

  • Once you've identified one of these main paragraphs,

  • then you can slow down and read for

  • comprehension so you can remember what's in it.

  • But for the rest of them, skimming will suffice.

  • When you're pseudo skimming, a good way

  • to pick out those important paragraphs is to

  • pay attention to the first and last sentences

  • of each paragraph, because those ones will

  • give you an idea of what the rest of the

  • paragraph contains.

  • And, to close this video out, the fifth and final

  • tip for improving your reading speed... hang on.

  • Should we really be talking about reading speed

  • as the metric here, or should we look

  • a little bit broader and be thinkig about learning speed

  • as the important thing?

  • I think that people who wanna learn to speed read

  • are often motivated by this desire to

  • become the kind of person who can say,

  • "I read three books this week."

  • And I think that's the wrong motivation.

  • Reading shouldn't just be an achievement.

  • Like, Good Reads is not an achievements list

  • and your bookshelf is not a trophy case.

  • By the same token, though, the acquisition of knowledge

  • is also something that can lead you down the wrong path

  • because in terms of speed reading, I think it

  • encourages us to think of our brains like those

  • ticket machines that take your tickets at an

  • arcade and tell you how many bouncy balls

  • you can get at the price counter.

  • Our brains don't work that way, but trying to

  • speed read can convince us that they do,

  • and then we're just trying to feed the tickets in

  • faster and faster. That's not how learning works.

  • What about really taking the time to

  • ponder and chew on what you've learned,

  • compare it with your world view?

  • I think speed readers are constantly concerned

  • with this idea of comprehension, that even if

  • their systems work, comprehension isn't really

  • the only goal here.

  • The writer Scott Berkun put it better than I ever could.

  • "Reading comprehension does not equal wisdom Comprehension is for a test, wisdom is for your life."

  • So, here is the final method.

  • When you read, also take the time to

  • do something with what you just learned.

  • Take notes, write a summary, compare what

  • you learned with your current view of the world,

  • and use that information to do different things

  • and make better decisions.

  • All of this is gonna help you more effectively

  • encode the information, have to reread less,

  • and essentially will increase your overall

  • learning speed, which should be the goal.

  • Hopefully, some of the methods in this video

  • can help you read faster, but ultimately,

  • it's a matter of your priorities.

  • If you wanna read more, stop watching this video

  • and start reading.

  • And then make a habit of it.

  • If you're still interested in this subject

  • and want somewhere to start,

  • then you can check out the companion

  • blog post for this video, which has

  • some links to some other excellent articles on reading,

  • and also you can check out my essential list

  • of books for students if you want

  • some book recommendations.

  • Beyond that, if you enjoyed this video,

  • you can hit the "like" button to support this channel

  • and let me know your thoughts down in the

  • comments, and, as always, thanks for watching.

  • (upbeat music)

  • Hey guys, thanks so much for watching this final

  • video in my speed reading series.

  • Now if you want to get new videos every single week

  • on being a more effective student, then click

  • that big red "subscribe" button right there.

  • You can also get a free copy of my book

  • on earning better grades, so if you want one

  • just click the picture of the book right there.

  • And, as I said before, you can find all the notes

  • and links to other articles and the companion

  • blog post by clicking the orange button right there.

  • In last week's video we looked at some common

  • speed reading techniques, so check it out

  • if you haven't seen it.

  • And if you'd like to connect or ask questions,

  • I'm on Twitter @To

  • or you can leave a comment down below.

Over the past couple of weeks

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A2 US reading speed read speed reading comprehension method

5 Ways to Improve Your Reading Speed That ACTUALLY Work - College Info Geek

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    Sara Yao posted on 2015/10/08
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