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  • Hello, my name is Emma, and in today's video, I am going to teach you a little bit about North American pronunciation.

  • I'm going to teach you about something called "tapping".

  • Okay.

  • So, before I explain what tapping is, I want you to listen to how I pronounce this word.

  • I'm going to pronounce it in three ways, and I want you to tell me:What's the difference

  • in each way I pronounce this? Okay? So the first way I'm going to pronounce it: "thiry"

  • "thiry". Okay? Now, the next way: "thirdy", "thirdy". And finally: "thirty", "thirty".

  • So what was the difference in the three pronunciations? Between "thiry", "thirdy", "thirty"?

  • If you said this, you are correct.

  • One of the major differences you'll find in different Englishes is the way we pronounce

  • "t". In British English, a lot of the times you actually hear the "t". I'm terrible with

  • British accents, but "thirty", "t", okay? So you can hear it like a "t" sound. In Englishes...

  • Some British Englishes, and sometimes Australian Englishes, they actually get rid of the "t",

  • it's like it doesn't even exist. So you might hear: "thiry". Okay? In North American English,

  • oftentimes, we pronounce t's like d's. So you would hear: "thirdy", okay? So this is

  • one of the main difference between many different Englishes, how we pronounce our t's.

  • So what's the rule for this? How do we know when to pronounce our t's like d's? Because

  • this is going to focus on the North American pronunciation. Well, I have here a bunch of

  • different words, all have the word... Or all have the letter "t" in them. I want you to

  • listen, and I want you to think about: Where is "t" pronounced like a "d"? Okay? So you're

  • going to listen carefully, and I want you to think about: Which words do I pronounce

  • "t" like a "d"? Okay?

  • So the first word: "party", "party". Okay? "Party". If you said this is like a "d", you

  • are correct. So we have one here. Next word: "tiny", "tiny", "tiny".

  • No "d" sound.

  • "Water", "water".

  • There is a "d" sound here. So, again, North American pronunciation. British people

  • would probably say something different, like "wa-er" or like "water", okay? Next one: "forty",

  • "forty".

  • Okay. Yeah, we have a "d" sound, here. "Latter", "latter", "latter". Okay,

  • you probably heard a "d" sound. Next one: "bottle", "bottle", "bottle".

  • Probably heard a "d" sound there. The next word that has a "t" in it: "tornado", "tornado". Does it

  • have a "d" sound? I mean where the "t" is. Of course it has this "d" sound, but: "tornado".

  • No, we don't pronounce it like a "d". "City", "city".

  • Yeah, it has a "d" sound.

  • "Tuna", "tuna",

  • no "d" sound; it sounds like a "t".

  • "Bitter", "bitter",

  • "d" sound.

  • "Thanks", "thanks",

  • doesn't even have a "t" sound, actually. It has a "th" sound, which is a little different.

  • And finally: "tall", "tall".

  • No "d" sound either.

  • So, what do you notice about these words? Is the "t"...? When we pronounce t's as d's

  • in North American English, do we pronounce t's like d's when they're at the beginning

  • of the word or when they're in the middle? You look here. So this one is a yes, it's

  • in the middle, it's in the middle, middle, middle. The beginning, no. Middle; beginning,

  • no; middle; no; no. So we pronounce t's like d's when they're in the middle of a word.

  • Okay?

  • But we don't do it all the time. When do we do it? When do we say t's like t's, and when

  • do we say t's like d's? That might get a little bit confusing, but I hope you're following.

  • Well, it depends on stress. So, what is stress? "Oh, I have a test tomorrow. I'm stressed."

  • Not that kind of stress. We're talking about stress in pronunciation. When we stress something

  • in pronunciation, we mean we say it louder and longer. So, for example: "party", part

  • of this I'm going to say loud and long, and part of it short. So listen and tell me where

  • the stress is: "party". The stress, if you said it's here, you are correct. "Par" is

  • loud "ty" is shorter. I'll... Let's go to "water" next. "Water", "water". So where is

  • the stress? Stress is here, okay? The first part. "Water". We say this part quieter. Here:

  • "forty", "forty". Where is the stress? What part's louder and longer?

  • If you said "for", you're correct.

  • We say that part louder and longer. Louder and long... Louder and longer.

  • Here we have the word "latter", "latter", "latter". Again, the first part is louder.

  • "Bottle", "bottle". In this case, the first part... Sorry. First part is louder.

  • "City", "city",

  • okay? Again, the first part is louder. And so on, you'll see the same thing, here:

  • "bitter" it's stressed.

  • So what you're going to notice is that when we have a "t" in the middle of the word, not

  • at the beginning, and when it is not stressed... Okay? So, this is stressed, not stressed.

  • So the "t" isn't stressed, the "t" isn't stressed, the "t" isn't stressed. When the "t" isn't

  • stressed, it becomes a "d". Okay? So, "t" equals "d" when unstressed. Okay.

  • So let's do some practice with this. I want you to say these words after me, and really

  • focus on making a "d" sound in it. Okay? So the first word: "20", "20", "30", 30",

  • "40", "40", "50", "50", "60", "60", "70", "70", "80", "80", "90", "90". Okay, so now I want

  • you to actually try maybe an Australian pronunciation. I don't have an Australian accent, but we're

  • going to imagine these do not have a "t", okay? We're going to take away the "t" and

  • "d", and say them like Australian. All right? So let's try. "20", "30", "40", "50", "60"...

  • Oh, that's tough. "70", "80", "90". Okay? Again, my accent for Australian... I apologize

  • if you live in Australia, and my accent is quite off, but you get the point. And it's

  • the same with some sorts of British English, you just have a missing "t". Okay? Now let's

  • try this where we really pronounce the "t". "20", "30", "40", "50"... Even for me it's

  • hard to keep the "t". "50", "60", "70", "80", "90". Okay.

  • So you can test it out. Depending on what kind of accent you want... If you want a North

  • American accent, you should... We call this tapping, where you turn this into a "d". If

  • you want a British accent, pronounce your t's; very important. And if you want maybe

  • an Australian accent or a different dialect of English,

  • get rid of the "t", okay? In unstressed syllables.

  • So, thank you for watching this video. I invite you to take our quiz on this at www.engvid.com.

  • There, you can learn some more about tapping, and you can practice seeing where you think

  • stresses in syllables, and which t's are tapped, where they sound like a "d".

  • So, until next time, take care, and I will see you soon.

Hello, my name is Emma, and in today's video, I am going to teach you a little bit about North American pronunciation.

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A2 US pronounce sound stressed louder stress north american

Sound like a Native English Speaker: Tapping

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    Chamber posted on 2015/09/20
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