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  • { Difference between 'Some' and 'Any' }

  • Hello friends, Welcome back to new lesson, I am Niharika

  • and in today's lesson we are gonna look at the words

  • 'Some' and 'Any', now in English when do we use these words?

  • well, when we are unable to specify

  • an exact number or an exact amount

  • that's when we end up using the words - Some

  • and Any, for example: We say

  • I saw three elephants at the zoo today

  • so here when you say - I saw three elephants, you are specifically mentioning

  • the number of elephants that you saw at the zoo.

  • but, if you just say that I saw

  • some elephants, Well! The 'some' word specifies

  • that you might have seen three or four

  • or few elephants. And then

  • the word 'Any'- I didn't see any elephants at the zoo today

  • so 'Any'- Well! that tells you that you didn't see

  • any elephants. Right?

  • So, let's understand when do we use the words

  • 'Some' & 'Any' and how correctly it should be used in English.

  • So, we have examples here, well the first rule

  • The word 'Some' - along with the words like somebody

  • Something, Someone, Somewhere

  • or words like

  • Anybody, Anyone, Anywhere

  • and so on.... So, we gonna learn

  • to use these words as well, So, now the word

  • 'some' along with the words like somebody, somewhere, someone

  • these words are always use in positive sentences

  • okay, whereas the word 'Any'

  • along with the words like anybody, anyone, anywhere

  • are used in negative sentences.

  • So, here I have two examples for you with positive sentences

  • using the word 'some' - Eg. We got some flowers

  • So, here I am saying that - We bought some flowers

  • Okay, Now of course you are not mentioning, how many flowers did you buy

  • you were saying that - We bought some flowers

  • and if you look at the example here

  • We didn't buy any flowers.

  • Okay, this is negative, this is positive

  • So, the word 'some' is used in a positive sentence

  • whereas the word 'any' is used in a negative sentence

  • let's look at another example - He is busy,

  • he has got some work to do. Wow! hard working guy, right?

  • So, He is busy , he has got some work to do

  • you have used the word 'Some' well! because it's a

  • positive sentence, but if you look at example

  • at the example over here- He is lazy,

  • He never does any work. So, never

  • that means, it's a negative sentence, right? He's lazy, he never does any work

  • well that's why we have used the word 'any'

  • okay, so this first rule that you need to keep in mind - that we use the word 'Some'

  • along with these words

  • in positive sentences, whereas we use the word "any'

  • along with these words like anybody, anyone, anywhere

  • it negative sentences. Now let's learn some more about these words

  • Okay, So, here's another rule

  • for using the word 'some'

  • So, we do use the word 'Some' and of course

  • words like somebody, somewhere, something

  • to ask a question and specifically when we

  • we want to offer something or when we are

  • requesting for something, okay, that's when we use

  • the words some, somebody, something

  • somewhere okay, for example :

  • Would you like something to eat. Say, you have guests at home

  • and you wanna offer them something to eat

  • so, would you like something to eat? or would you like to have some more tea?

  • would you like to have some more juice? okay, so this is the way you are

  • offering something, right? So to offer

  • something you would always end up using the word

  • 'some' or words like 'something', 'somebody'

  • 'someone' okay, then another one

  • over here - this is when you are asking or requesting for something

  • Could I have some milk , please? okay you're out of milk

  • and you want to make some coffee for yourself

  • So, you go to your neighbor's house and you say - Okay,

  • you know I'm out of milk, So could I have some milk, please?

  • So, you are asking for something, you're requesting for something.

  • So, again you end up using the word 'Some'

  • okay, now another rule for using the word 'Any'

  • and of course along with that words like

  • anything, anybody, anywhere

  • So, you use these words when... with the meaning, when it doesn't matter

  • okay, it's used in a positive way

  • that's the difference you know, well! we learned that

  • the word 'any' is always used in negative sentences

  • but again it's English

  • so when you are trying to tell someone something

  • in a positive way but the meaning

  • of that sentences is that it doesn't matter

  • okay, it doesn't matter that is when you end up using words

  • like any, anybody, anything, anywhere

  • to understand this better let's look at the examples here -

  • Which book shall I read ? okay, someone asks you

  • why don't you go through my library? and just pick up a book

  • whatever you want to read. So, your friend would ask a

  • hey! which book shall I read? So, Well!

  • Anyone it's up to you. So, when you end up saying -

  • Anyone, it means - It doesn't matter

  • Okay, So you are being positive here but you also using the word

  • anyone, but it doesn't matter

  • in relation to that meaning you are using this , right?

  • So, that's the correct way to say it. Another one

  • Let's go somewhere, where shall we go?

  • Anywhere, I just want to chill, So, again here you are saying

  • anywhere because it doesn't matter to you, you just want to step out, you just wanna have

  • a good time, you just wanna chill so, it doesn't matter

  • so that's exactly the reason why you end up using the word

  • 'anywhere' okay, so you use these words when

  • with the meaning that it doesn't matter, got it? Now let's have a look at another rule

  • Okay, So here is another point that you need to keep in mind when you're

  • learning these words

  • Now, words like somebody, someone

  • Anybody, Anyone, well! these are singular words

  • however, we do use words like them

  • they, their after we use these words

  • Okay, so to understand this, let's look at the example

  • Someone has forgotten their phone - Now, you would say....

  • Well! you just mentioned - Someone is a singular word, right?

  • then why have you ended up using the word 'their'

  • So let me explain this to you, Now probably you are

  • in a classroom, okay, and....

  • the class is of 20 kids and out of these

  • 20 kids, Well! this phone belongs to

  • one kid, right? and you don't know who he or she is

  • right? so, when you end up saying someone

  • okay, so you know that the phone belongs to one person that's why you are saying

  • someone

  • has forgotten their phone. So,

  • the word 'their' Well! this word is used to talk about the whole group

  • okay and that's why we have ended up using this

  • word right? well let's look at the second sentence

  • so that you get this better - If anyone is interested to participate

  • in the competition, they can contact the front desk.

  • so again if anyone, okay

  • well probably there's a competition and you know that there are several people

  • out there who would like to participate

  • but you don't know specifically who that person would be

  • So, you end up using the word 'anyone'

  • If anyone's interested to participate

  • in the competition, they can contact the front desk

  • So, the word 'they', well! this is used to talk about

  • the whole bunch of people

  • whoever wants to participate in the competition, okay

  • so the whole bunch of people that you are talking to, right? and that's why you

  • end up using these

  • plural words with the singular words like somebody, someone

  • anybody or anyone okay, This brings me

  • to the end of this lesson, just a quick review for you

  • words like some, somebody, somewhere someone...

  • are used in positive sentences. Words like

  • any, anybody, anywhere, anything are used in negative sentences

  • okay, and of course the word 'some'

  • or the rest of the words are used to

  • to offer.... are used in questions to offer

  • or to request, where as words like any

  • and the other words of course are

  • used with a meaning where it 'doesn't matter which'

  • okay, so hope this is clear to you, if any questions do write into us

  • I'll be happy to reply to your questions

  • and I'll be back with a new lesson soon, till then

  • you take care and have a great day!

{ Difference between 'Some' and 'Any' }

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A2 US TOEIC doesn matter positive negative matter sentence

English Grammar Lesson – The tricky - 'Some' Vs 'Any' (Learn Spoken English)

  • 23045 2015
    Chamber posted on 2015/07/27
Video vocabulary