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  • The Muslim Brotherhood is one of the largest Muslim groups in the world. But their religious,

  • social, and political goals have not always been a welcome presence in Egypt. Most recently,

  • the deposed Egyptian President and a member of the Brotherhood, Mohammed Morsi , was sentenced

  • to 20 years in prison in what has been called a “shamtrial by Amnesty International.

  • Here’s a timeline of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.

  • March 1928: Hassan al-Banna founds the Muslim Brotherhood to promote Islam within the lower

  • class communities, and stand as opposition to British colonial rule in Egypt.

  • 1948 - 1949: A member of the Muslim Brotherhood is accused of assassinating the Egyptian Prime

  • Minister. Several months later, the Brotherhood’s founder is killed by alleged government agents.

  • 1954: Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser outlaws the Brotherhood after an assassination

  • attempt and their members go into hiding. A number are arrested and executed.

  • 1971: President Anwar Sadat succeeds Nasser and is tolerant of the Brotherhood, although

  • the group remains outlawed.

  • 1981: After Sadat is assassinated by Islamic extremists, his successor, Hosni Mubarak cracks

  • down on the group and denies them the ability to form an opposing political party.

  • February 2011: After a thirty year reign, Mubarak is deposed following the Egyptian

  • Revolution and the Brotherhood forms the Freedom and Justice Party to run for office.

  • June 30, 2012: Mohammed Morsi of the Brotherhood wins the presidency and grants himself unlimited

  • legislative and judicial power.

  • July 2013: Following army-backed protests, Morsi is arrested and removed from office.

  • The following month, the Brotherhoodssupreme guide Mohammed Badie, is also arrested.

  • September 2013: The Brotherhood and their Freedom and Justice Party are banned and their

  • assets are seized. They are declared a “terrorist groupby the interim government.

  • April 2015: Morsi is sentenced to twenty years in Prison for arresting and torturing protestors

  • outside the presidential palace in 2012.

  • Egypt’s crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood has been poorly received, with even the White

  • House dismissing allegations that the Brotherhood is a terrorist group. The ban has raised fears

  • of retaliation by members, which may lead to a sort of self-fulfilling prophecy.

  • Egypt is struggling to deal with a lot more than internal politics. To learn why they

  • are destroying an entire city on the border with the Gaza strip, check out this video

  • from Seeker. Thanks for watching TestTube, don’t forget to subscribe for more.

The Muslim Brotherhood is one of the largest Muslim groups in the world. But their religious,

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