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  • Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, we will be talking about exclamations: How

  • exciting! So what is an "exclamation"? Well, "How exciting!" is an example of an exclamation.

  • So an "exclamation" is, pretty much, something you say -- so this is used in conversation

  • English, not written -- when you want to show you are surprised about something, okay? "Whoa!

  • What a big car!", for example. You can also use it when you want to emphasize something

  • -- when you want to show you really mean something. So for example, yesterday, my grandmother

  • gave me this beautiful ring. So what did I say when I got the ring? I said, "What a beautiful

  • ring, Nanny!" I call my grandma "Nanny". I also said, "How beautiful!" These are examples

  • of exclamations. So we use them a lot in conversation. So let's look at how you make an exclamation.

  • Okay, so first, we will look at "how". We make a "how" exclamation by taking "How +

  • an adjective!" If you remember, an "adjective" is something that describes a noun. Example:

  • exciting, interesting, big, small, medium, beautiful, pretty, cool. These are all adjectives.

  • So for example, "How exciting!" -- this is an exclamation. And do you notice what is

  • at the end of this sentence? That's right. An exclamation mark. So maybe you're talking

  • to your friend; they're telling you about their job; what's their job? Maybe they're

  • an astronaut. They go to space. What would you say to them? You'd say, "How exciting!"

  • Meaning you're very excited for them. "How strange!" So again, "How + adj.!" There

  • is no verb. And we have, again, our exclamation mark. "How strange!" Maybe you would say this

  • if you saw a haunted house or a weird man or you saw someone doing something very strange.

  • You would say, "How strange!" Another example: Maybe you see a baby. Your

  • friend just had a baby. You're looking at it. It has these nice, big eyes. What do you

  • say? "How cute!" I always say this when I see puppies and kittens. "How cute!" Okay,

  • so again, no verb, and if you write it, it has an exclamation mark. Okay. So these are

  • our "how" exclamations. Let's look at our "what" exclamations. It's

  • on this side. It's the same idea. We use this when we're showing surprise, or we really

  • want to show we mean something. So the formula -- it's like math: We take "What + a + adj.

  • +noun!" So let's isolate this. "What + a + adjective + noun + !" So what are some examples

  • of this? If I saw a movie -- I really liked this movie. Maybe it's an action movie. At

  • the end, I might say, "Wow! What an exciting movie!" Okay? "Exciting" is your adjective;

  • "movie" is your noun. In this case, there is no verb, but you have to be careful. You

  • must remember "a" or "an". Okay? So it's either "what a", "what an". Let's look at another

  • example: "What a strange man." Okay, so again, maybe you see a man doing something very strange

  • or you meet someone; you think they're very strange. "Oh, what a strange man!" Again:

  • "What + a + adjective is 'strange' + noun is 'man'". Okay? Another example: "Oh, what

  • a cute baby!" "What a cute baby!" And again, what is your adjective? Cute. What is the

  • noun? Baby. Is there a verb? No. Is there an exclamation mark? Yes. That's the exclamation

  • mark. Okay. So these are some examples of exclamations,

  • but there's another way to do this. So we have with "how". Maybe you have a sentence:

  • "She is pretty." "Oh, she's very pretty." "She is pretty." You can say this a different

  • way. Especially in conversation. You can say, "How pretty she is." So it's just like what

  • we did up here, but we are adding the subject and the verb. And notice the order: "How pretty

  • she -- so subject first -- is -- verb last." Okay? "How exciting the movie was!" "How strange

  • the man is!" "How cute the babies are!" Here are some more examples of this.

  • Now, we can do something similar with "what" exclamations. This sentence: "You have big

  • eyes." There's a very famous story called "The Three Little Pigs" -- or no. Not "Three

  • Little Pigs", "Little Red Riding Hood". And there's a very famous line in that story -- it's

  • a kids' story -- where the wolf is dressed in Grandmother's clothes, and Red Riding Hood

  • says to the wolf: "Grandma, what big eyes do you have!" Oh, actually, "What big eyes

  • you have!" There's no "do"! "What big eyes you have!" "What big lips you have!" "What

  • big teeth you have!" Okay? So that's from a very famous story. So it's just like what

  • we did up here. You have "What" -- you don't have "a", but "What + adjective + noun + subject

  • + verb". We could say also, "What an exciting movie

  • this is!" "What a strange man he is!" "What a cute baby she is!" Okay, so you have a choice:

  • You can either do it this way, or if you want, you can add a subject and a verb at the end.

  • So let's do some practice ones together. Okay, so let's do some questions. "What a great

  • idea!" Another example of an exclamation. So the first one we are going to do: "That's

  • a big truck." How do we change this into an exclamation using either "how" or "what"?

  • Well, first of all, think: "Is there an adjective?" We have our adjective. "Is there a noun?"

  • "Truck" is a noun. So do we use "how" or "what"? We use "what". We can say: "What -- what comes

  • next? -- a -- adjective -- big -- noun -- truck." "What a big truck!" Okay? Example. You could

  • also say, "What a big truck it is!" "What a big truck it is!" Or "What a big truck that

  • is!" All are okay. I'll just write this one because it's shorter, and it's correct.

  • No. 2: "You make a cute couple." Well, maybe you have a friend who has a boyfriend, and

  • then you're looking at them saying, "You make a cute couple." What else could you say? How

  • can we make this an exclamation? Okay, well, first of all, do you see a noun? Is there

  • a noun? Yes: "couple." Is there an adjective? Yes. So do we use "how" or "what"? We use

  • "what" with adjectives and nouns. So let's make the sentence. "What a cute couple!" "Oh,

  • what a cute couple!" Or "What a cute couple!" Or you could even say, "What a cute couple

  • you make!" So again, if you want to keep "you make" in it, at the end, "What a cute couple

  • you make!" So subject first, then verb at the end. And always, if you write it, exclamation

  • point. No. 3: "This story is very creative." "This

  • story is very creative." How can we turn this into an exclamation? Well first, is there

  • an adjective? Yes. Is the adjective describing a noun behind it? Well, we could say, "What

  • a creative story!" So yes, there is a noun. So we could say, "What a creative story!"

  • But I want to use "how" this time. I can say, "How creative!" So I can say, "Wow! How creative!"

  • I can put an exclamation mark. Or I can say -- if I want, I can say, "How creative this

  • story is!" "How creative -- how creative this story is!"

  • Finally, No. 4: Maybe I'll admire my ring. "It's lovely." How can we change this into

  • an exclamation? Do we have a noun? No. Do we have an adjective? Yes. So with just an

  • adjective, we can use "how". We can say, "How lovely!" "Oh, how lovely!" Okay? Like that.

  • So again, this is used in conversation English, okay? "What an interesting video!" Also: "How

  • exciting this video is!" Okay? So if you want to practice this more, you can come to www.engvid.com,

  • and you can practice on our quiz. Okay? So until next time, take care.

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, we will be talking about exclamations: How

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A2 exclamation adjective noun cute exclamation mark strange

Exclamations in English!!!

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    Sam posted on 2015/04/08
Video vocabulary