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  • Hi. Welcome again to I'm Adam. In today's lesson, we're going to look at

  • phrasal verbs again. I know everybody likes these. I've heard all the comments. So again,

  • what are phrasal verbs? Phrasal verbs are a combination of a verb and a preposition

  • that together have a very different meaning than the two words by themselves. Today's

  • phrasal verbs are going to be with the verb "fall". "fall apart", "fall out", "fall behind",

  • "fall for", "fall through", "fall in", "fall in with", "fall back", "fall back on". Different

  • meanings to "in" and "in with", "back, and "back on". So let's start.

  • "Fall apart" -- two meanings we're going to look at today. The first one is, basically,

  • come apart or disintegrate or break off. So if any of you have ever cooked ribs -- do

  • you like ribs? You know, like, big stack of ribs. Boil them. Put them on the barbecue.

  • Cook them really, really well. Then, the meat just falls apart, just falls off the bone.

  • Very, very delicious. Another meaning of "fall apart" is to have a nervous breakdown. Excuse

  • me. A "nervous breakdown" would be -- when someone has a "nervous breakdown" -- I'm sorry

  • -- we say they have "fallen apart". They have lost control of themselves emotionally. So

  • an example. When does a person fall apart? For example, if I had a girlfriend for a very,

  • very long time, and one day she comes home and she says, "Bye. I'm leaving." Maybe I'll

  • go crazy. I'll fall apart. I won't be able to work. I won't be able to sleep. I won't

  • be able to do anything. That's not necessarily the way things would happen, but for some

  • people, that's how it happens. They just fall apart.

  • Okay. "Fall out" -- so I'm walking down the street. I'm happy. I'm bouncing around. Something

  • falls out of my pocket. Basically, it comes out and falls to the ground. That's the very

  • basic term, "fall out". Another meaning for "fall out" is when you have a fight or a quarrel

  • with someone. You talk about something; you get into a disagreement; you fight; and then,

  • you don't speak to each other anymore. So basically, you had a "falling out" -- if you

  • want the noun of it. A "falling out", a fight. Okay? So a "falling out", a fight. Another

  • meaning -- a third meaning -- is basically consequences. For example, in a war, there's

  • a big bomb dropped somewhere, and then all the fall out -- all the things that fell out

  • -- then, all the results. "The fall out for this attack was that many people were left

  • homeless or that many people were killed or that the fight extended." So the "fall out"

  • means the result or the consequence of something that happened, usually something bad. And

  • then, the consequences, of course, are also bad.

  • "Fall behind" -- again, more than one meaning. The first meaning of "fall behind" means to

  • be a little bit behind. All my friends are walking. I'm walking with my friends. They're

  • walking fast, and I start to fall behind. So another word is "lag". "Lag" means to be

  • behind, not keep pace with. We also use this when we talk about debts. Like, for example,

  • you have to pay bills. Every month, the phone company sends you a bill. Then you pay it

  • and you pay it. But one month, you missed. So then, the next month, you have to pay the

  • last month's bill and this month's bill. But you don't have enough money, so you let a

  • little bit more go. Now, you're starting to fall behind on your payments. Eventually,

  • the bank will come and take your phone, take your car, take your puppy -- whatever you

  • have that's worth any money. That's basically "fall behind". Of course, if I drop this here,

  • it will fall behind me. But that's too simple.

  • "Fall for" -- a couple of interesting meanings. "Fall for" -- one, when you "fall for something"

  • or "fall for someone" means you basically fall in love. Okay? I went to the bar. I met

  • this girl. I just "fell for" her right then and there. I fell in love. I lost control.

  • I wanted this person. But then, her friend came and told me that for $50, he will give

  • me her phone number. So I gave him $50, and he ran away. I "fell for" his trick. Okay?

  • So "fall for" means believe something that is not true. Okay? If you are that type of

  • person, you are gullible. I think I spelled that right. I'll have to check that later.

  • "Fall for" means believe in a trick or believe in something that is not true, or fall in love.

  • "Fall through" -- "fall through" means when you have a plan or you try to do something,

  • but then at the end, it just didn't work. Your attempt failed, so it "fell through".

  • So last month, I made vacation plans to go to Florida. And then, at the last minute,

  • my boss told me, "No. You have to come into work because there's an emergency. We need

  • you to do something." So my plans "fell through" -- fell through the floor, basically, and

  • didn't come out. Now, if you're walking along the street again and there's a sewer where

  • the water goes in after the rain and you drop your key and they "fall through" the hole

  • -- so "fall through". That's a simple explanation.

  • "Fall in" -- this is more, like, military. When a drill sergeant says, "Fall in", everybody

  • stands in line in a straight line. We all fall in line. It also basically means "get

  • with the program" or do what you're supposed to do. In a company, a boss, for example a

  • supervisor, wants all his staff to "fall in line" with the program. He wants everybody

  • to understand and follow what is needed to be done. "Fall in with" -- basically, it's

  • the same idea. It means you follow something, but you do it unintentionally. Okay? So for

  • example, if you fall in with the wrong people, you somehow joined these people that you didn't

  • really want to, but somehow, it happened. So when you hear about gangs in America, for

  • example, a lot of these kids who join gangs basically fell in with these people because

  • that's what was around them, and now, they're part of the gang; they're gangsters. They

  • didn't want to be, but they fell in with the wrong people who pulled them into the gang.

  • "Fall back" -- again, I could fall back or backwards -- both okay. "Fall back" and "fall

  • back on" are two different things. "Fall back on" -- for example, I'm a teacher. But if

  • for some reason, I couldn't teach anymore, I also went to chef school. I know how to

  • cook. So I can always fall back on my cooking skills to get a job. So it's like "rely",

  • "rely on something". I always have a backup, something that I can do if something else

  • doesn't work. I can fall back on that. "Fall back" also means, like, get behind, for example

  • in bills, payments, or bills. "I fell back on my payments. I have to catch up now."

  • So there you go. Some phrasal verbs for "fall". By the way, this was a request -- a couple

  • of requests for this. And that's why we have them here. If you have any questions, please

  • ask in the comments section on EngVid. Do the quiz, and I'll see you again soon.

Hi. Welcome again to I'm Adam. In today's lesson, we're going to look at

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A2 US fall fell phrasal basically meaning month

Phrasal Verbs - FALL: fall for, fall in, fall behind, fall through...

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    咩咩 posted on 2015/04/19
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