Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles The term "Dark Ages" historically refers to the Early Middle Ages in Europe, a time thought to have had a paucity of cultural and scientific achievements, particularly when compared to the periods before and after it. The term came about partly due to the perceived lack of written records, documents, and literary works from the time, which created significant gaps in the historical record. The argument that the scarcity of written records implies a regression or stagnation in culture and science is an example of the argument from silence. This line of reasoning assumes that if something is not recorded, it did not happen, which is a logical fallacy. However, archaeological evidence and more recent historical analyses have challenged this view, indicating that while written documentation might be lacking, there were indeed regions and periods of progress and development during what has been termed the Dark Ages.