Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles I'm from National Tsing Hua University, Lin Hsiu Hau, who's pretty sick today. Sorry but my voice is very attractive today. Today what I'm going to talk about is: "Open creativity, Leap Pondering" This is an easy theme, really easy. Besides, since you won't understand, I can say whatever. But then you guys will want ticket refund. So for this, the main reason for coming here today, is to share with everyone, that last year we recieved a major international education award. Of course this isn't just me, it's the efforts of a whole team. You can see our core members are all here today! I'm very glad. Remember one thing: Later on what I speak about, isn't just my own actions. If you think my speech is bad, everyone in the team is to be blamed! So actually last year, we gained a major award for globally open education by MIT. They only give 5 awards every year! So you can see, I mean, hear you can see a little classroom where our lessons take place. In a small classroom like this in Tsing Hua University, how do we, that is, using what kind of effort, and what type of creativity, what type of knowlegde, so that we can stand on the top of international-leveled education? And gain this award? Actually, when recieving this award, all of us were very surprised. It's like we didn't know what happened. So the secret to getting this award is: "I don't know." Okay now that you hear this you're thinking: "What? I'm going to get ticket refund." So what I'm really going to talk about today is, "A longer version." This is what we wanted to share after a long discussion and deep thoughts, about what is something special to share with you all? The reality is: "Open to refocus." So for example if today, we were to newly create a new class, what I'm asking myself is not tweaking. (Changing a little bit) If you want to do some meaningful things in life, you will realize tweaking doesn't help innovate ideas. So what's the easiest result? The easiest is to not plan and expect anything. So here I am going to share, is not just what I feel when preparing for classes, but what attitude I learned throughout my life till 40. That is "Open to refocus." What is "Open to refocus?" "Open to refocus" is if you want to complete something, if you need to accomplish something important, when you're planning earlier on, you should open your heart. Listen to all kinds of different suggestions, process the suggestions, and complete all the tasks. When you are in this "Open period", in this period where your heart is open, gathering all the information, you must remember one thing: Anything that is good in quality, when you have completed a certain amount there will always be people against you. If you don't want to offend anyone, just don't do it then. Everyone can do "Open", but not everyone can "refocus". Something even worse is working all the way from the beginning on your own, and in the middle you realize that you can't stand the pressure others are putting on you, so you start to change your path. If it's like that, I really advice to rather just quit. I think the reason why our course can have different qualities from others, an important reason is because: At the very beginning< we accepted all ideas. After working through all the suggestions, we actually put in effort to use a new perspective, to present something we value. For example: in physics, or so we call in the science world, actually things will start to change. This is very important. Which means as time goes by, how does an object change? If you think about it, professionally we call it "dynamics" So how can you describe what "dynamics" is? Here, we can see that cute daddy Newton is grinning. Why? Because he's been in books for over hundreds of years. Think about it, if you were to teach kids how this world changes? You would say, "oh it's easy!" "Just connect cause and effect!" An object recieves a force, therefor it has an acceleration. This is why. Think about it, this makes sense. Every text book starts from here, it makes sense! But let's ponder further in depth. Newton has already been important for hundreds of years. Why can't he give the spotlight to someone else? So here, I decided. There are so many changing things in our daily life, why must it be "F=ma"? I decided to tell my student: Come! I'll teach you about cram schools in Taiwan! Cram schools （after school classes outside of school) in Taiwan are very fascinating. We probably have the most educational revolutions in the world. We change this and that. Whether we are ready or not. Anyways! We just change everything! And then you realize, we are actually not aware of the students. This is why there's so many people worried about our education. However, cram schools don't pray, but yet they are able to keep up good business. This is something worthy of discussion. Okay! So in this situation, lets see what educationalists say? This is what they are saying: Don't go to cram schools! If everyone doesn't cram, the competitive ability of each child is "1". Alternatively, if everyone goes to cram school, it becomes impossible to learn in depth knowledge. So everyone's competitive ability drops to "0.8" This sounds reasonable right? But if it's reasonable, why doesn't it change the cram school situation in Taiwan? We can view this in a scientific perspective. Let's pull away from cram schools for a second, and look at the "bubbles" in our bubble tea. There are many. Many you cannot see in the drink, those are like this long rectangular thing. This is called E. coli. And you can see there's a lot of small round "bubbles" around it. If you think that these small bubbles have no worries, you're wrong! On the small bubbles, there's a bunch of small tiny things, called bacteriophage. Bacteriophage of course, eats up bacteria. So they eats up the E. coli. The way they eat, is very hollywood. (Dramatic) They insert their DNA into the bacteria, and start developing heads, legs, and more and more, Until it fills up the whole bacteria, the E. coli explodes! And then the bacteriophages move our, and continue to the next E. coli. Disgusting right? So you would now think: when we drink bubble tea, there are bubbles we can't see, and those are like E. coli, and they worry, because bacteriophages will eat them up. You might feel that bacterias are pretty simple. Wrong. There are 2 types of bacteria. One type is "good", and they go like: "Huh? you're missing a head? Here! take mine." "Missing legs? I'll lend you legs." So everyone helps each other. You can imagine how the adaptability of these bacterias are. Pretty good. And what's the other type of bacteria? The other type is like this: "Ah! He's almost done but missing a head!" Quietly heads the head in secret/ I don't know, if you have ever met this kind of person while growing up? or say "Oh, he's just missing a leg." or "He's done?" and sticks an extra leg so he can't move. He's stuck. So this is the more evil bacteria. So comparing these two types of bacteria, you will find that the good bacteria have better adaptability. They grow faster. And the bad ones have bad adaptability. They grow slower. Now we can conclude that in a cup of bubble tea, we can see our cram schools in it! Moving on, in The University of Maryland, they grew a bunch of these "bubbles". And when putting them together they suddenly discover something extraordinary. The bad selfish bacterias win! And what happens is that the whole cup is filled with the bad ones! Why is this? We should think about this in deep thoughts. The main reason is because when the bad bacterias meet the good ones, their adaptability becomes "2". On the other hand, when the good meets the bad, the good bacteria's adaptability becomes "0.6." So now we can see that even if today here most people are "normal", under this situation if there is 1 bad bacteria, and that bad bacteria had an adaptability of "2", while all of us normal people is "1", what can it do? It's adaptability is better, so it grows into more, and more. Until when the population reaches 1:1, look at it again. The population of bacteria is half, is good. Half, is bad. So now you can see that if you are a good bacteria, you can 50% chance to meet another good bacteria, and 50% to meet bad ones. so your average adaptability is 1 plus 0.6 divided by 2 which equals 0.8. See? I'm fast at math. What if you're a bad/selfish bacteria? You also have fifty fifty chances. So you're adaptability is 2 plus 0.8 divided by 2 which is 1.4.