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  • Well hello and welcome to this English lesson where I'm going

  • to talk about how to describe food. I'm not going to talk

  • about the names for different types of food. I'm not going to

  • show you pictures of food and tell you what the food is

  • called. Instead in this lesson I'll help you learn different

  • words and phrases you can use in English to describe the food

  • that you're eating to describe the food that you ate maybe a

  • few days ago. In this lesson we'll learn a lot of words and

  • phrases that you can use to talk about how food tastes, how

  • food looks, how food behaves a little bit as well. You'll see

  • what I mean by that when we get to that part of the lesson. But

  • thank you so much for being here. I hope you enjoy this

  • little English lesson about describing food. So my first

  • slide this is a bit of a pet peeve of mine. A pet peeve is

  • something that bothers you in life. And I don't like it when

  • food is overcooked. When you overcooked food you cook it for

  • too long. If you put green beans on the stove if you boil

  • green beans. I like to boil them for about three or four

  • minutes. Or I like to steam them. When you cook them that

  • way they come out with a nice green colour and they're still

  • a little bit crispy. They're a little bit crunchy. But some

  • people overcooked their beans and they start to look like

  • this. A pale green colour. Where I think you've cooked all

  • of the good nutrients out of the bean. So one way to

  • describe food is to say it's overcooked. Um food food that's

  • overcooked just isn't as tasty. Um in particular I my pet peeve

  • is when people overcooked green beans. I like mine to be still

  • quite green and a little bit crunchy. Of course then we have

  • the other direction. Food can sometimes be undercooked.

  • Undercooked food is food that has not been cooked long

  • enough. When I eat steak I like my steak to be usually medium.

  • Uh some like their steak rare. But when you cook a steak rare

  • I consider it to be undercooked. Some people think

  • that's perfect. But for me I like things cooked a little bit

  • longer. And so if I was served steak and it was rare I would

  • say this is a little bit undercooked. It's a little bit

  • cold in the middle. Could you cook it a little bit longer. So

  • overcooked means you cook it too long. Undercooked means you

  • didn't cook it long enough. And then we have of course raw. Raw

  • food is simply food that has not been cooked. You might be

  • someone who likes seafood that is raw. You might like eating

  • fish that's raw. You might eat a lot of raw vegetables and raw

  • fruits. It's quite common to eat raw vegetables and raw

  • fruits. You don't have to cook all of those things. Um and

  • some people do really enjoy eating raw fish. So raw simply

  • means that the food has not been cooked. It has not been

  • boiled. It has not been fried. It has not been baked. It has

  • not been roasted. It has not been I think those are all of

  • the ones I can think of for how to prepare food. I'm sure

  • there's more. And we also just have the word fresh. So fresh

  • food is usually used to refer to food that is relatively

  • recently delivered to the grocery store. Is that a good

  • way to say it? So fresh fruit and vegetables means that they

  • are ripe. They are ready to eat. Um and you definitely want

  • your food to be as fresh as possible. So how would I

  • describe this? I should describe this in a better way.

  • Fresh food like if you buy fresh vegetables they probably

  • were like in the farmers field two or three days ago and they

  • were quickly brought to the grocery store. If you have your

  • own garden you can go out and cut fresh vegetables whenever

  • you want. That's probably the best way to get fresh

  • vegetables is to have your own garden. And then we have of

  • course burnt. Burnt food is food well it's way past being

  • overcooked. It's overcooked to the point where it starts to

  • turn black. The best example I could think of is toast.

  • Sometimes you leave toast in the toaster too long and it

  • gets burnt. Sometimes you leave something in the oven for too

  • long and it gets burnt. Burnt food does not taste good. When

  • I was a kid if I burnt my toast my mom would make me scrape the

  • burnt part off with a knife and eat it anyways. Because she

  • didn't Want us to waste food. So food that is burnt usually

  • has a charred look to it. It has black on it because the

  • food has cooked so long it has burnt and it has turned black.

  • Some people like burnt toast. I think my grandfather on my

  • mom's side liked eating burnt toast. I don't like burnt

  • toast. I don't mind if it's a little bit burnt but not like

  • this. This would be too much for me. And then we have by the

  • way all of these words for describing food it's quite

  • random this lesson. You never know what the next picture is

  • going to be. We also have food that is crunchy. If you can

  • imagine eating celery when you bite celery it's usually

  • crunchy. When you eat a carrot it's usually crunchy. When you

  • eat this kind of peanut butter it's crunchy because there's

  • whole peanuts in the peanut butter. So when food is crunchy

  • it actually makes a sound when you bite down on it. When you

  • chew it. So anything Like I mentioned celery, carrots,

  • crunchy, peanut butter, any of those kinds of things. We

  • actually say they make a crunchy sound or they make a

  • crunchy sound. You could use both words. But when you eat

  • something that's kind of hard and you need to chew it a lot

  • and it makes kind of a sound. By the way you should you

  • should always chew with your mouth closed but either way

  • some food is crunchy. And then of course some of the basics we

  • have food that is sweet. Any food that you describe as sweet

  • has a lot of sugar in it. Candies of course are very

  • sweet. Um candy bars are sweet. Chocolate bars are sweet. There

  • are a lot of foods in the world that are very very sweet. In

  • fact in North America a lot of foods are quite sweet. I

  • personally think we put too much sugar in a lot of our

  • food. I think that sweet food is yummy. Ice cream is sweet by

  • the way as well. I really do ice cream. Um which yes let me

  • move on. I've soon as I start talking about ice cream I could

  • do a whole lesson on ice cream and that might be kind of

  • boring. We also will describe food sometimes as being salty.

  • In fact we often ask people do you like sweet food or do you

  • like salty food? Some people like to eat sweet food as a

  • snack. They like chocolates and candies and those kinds of

  • things. And some people like salty food as a snack. They

  • like chips. Well you would call crisps I think if you're

  • learning British English. Uh this is a pretzel and it has

  • lots of salt on it. Um but definitely we have sweet food

  • and we have salty food. We usually talk about our snacks

  • this way. Like I like salty snacks. Oh I like sweet snacks.

  • Are you a sweet or salty person? Oh I like salty snacks.

  • By the way Bob the Canadian likes sweet snacks. I have a

  • sweet tooth. I do like salty snacks a bit but not as much as

  • sweet snacks. And then we have hot food. And we use this word

  • to describe food in two ways. When food comes off the stove

  • or out of the oven it's hot. There's steam rising off of it.

  • If you try to eat soup right away sometimes the soup's too

  • hot and you burn your tongue. Okay. So that's one way to

  • describe hot. Or to use the word hot to describe food. But

  • we also use hot to describe food that's very very spicy in

  • the sense that it burns your tongue in a different way. Um

  • so spicy food in North America would be things like hot wings.

  • So we have chicken wings where there's lots of hot sauce on

  • it. So there there's hot sauces that are made from different

  • kinds of peppers. You can see some hot peppers here. So again

  • hot can be used two ways. We can use hot to talk about food

  • that's just hot because it just came off the stove or out of

  • the oven. But we also use hot to describe Food that has a lot

  • of hot sauce or peppers or other ingredients that just

  • give it a little bit of a zing when you eat it. And we also

  • have the word spicy. So in North America hot food and

  • spicy food these are kind of interchangeable. Like if I was

  • eating chicken wings with a lot of hot sauce I could say oh

  • these are really spicy wings. But spicy is a little broader

  • than just hot. Okay. Spicy means that there's a lot of

  • spices used in the food. When we eat at certain types of

  • restaurants who make food from certain countries some of that

  • food is quite spicy. Um the North American diet isn't used

  • to really spicy foods. So sometimes we eat foods and

  • we'll say whoa this is very very spicy. Mild. So one thing

  • that's interesting about North Americans. Not all North

  • Americans. But a lot of North Americans don't eat really

  • really spicy or hot food. So often you'll find something

  • like this. Salsa. A very common food item in North America.

  • You'll find it in the store and you'll be able to buy mild

  • medium or hot. And there might even be extra hot in some

  • stores. Um we usually buy mild salsa. This means that it does

  • not have a very strong it doesn't have a lot of peppers

  • in it and it doesn't have a lot of hot spices in it. So it

  • tastes very tomatoy. So we have some foods in North America

  • where if you're used to what you eat in your country and

  • it's very spicy you might come here and think wow this mild

  • salsa does not have very much kick to it. It's not very hot.

  • It's not very spicy. We also describe food as being chewy.

  • So you can see here this granola bar. This is a common

  • snack for kids to take to school in North America. And

  • it's chewy. It's soft and it sticks together a little bit

  • when you bite into it. It has a lot of syrup or sugar or

  • something in it. Maybe even marshmallows. But it has all

  • the kinds of ingredients that make it soft. And when you chew

  • it it just has a chewiness to it. It's like not rubbery but

  • it's it's definitely not hard and it's not crunchy. It's much

  • softer and it's a little bit sticky as well. Bland. So this

  • is white bread. Bland is a word we use to describe food that

  • does not have very much taste to it. Um another good example

  • would be plain white rice. If you do not add any salt or

  • butter or oil to your rice if you just eat plain rice it's

  • bland. But when you eat rice with other food it tastes a lot

  • better or when you add a little bit of salt or butter to your

  • rice. So food that does not have very much taste we would

  • say is bland food. We have dried foods. There are sections

  • of the grocery store where you can buy food that has been

  • dried. You can buy dried apricots, dried bananas, dried

  • plantains, you can buy dried cranberries, dried grapes which

  • are called raisins. Dried food really really nice when you go

  • on a hike. Because dried food doesn't go bad. I'll talk about

  • food going bad in a bit. But dried food has a very long

  • shelf life. Dried food doesn't go bad very quickly. So if you

  • buy something like dried cranberries. You can mix it

  • with some nuts and some other ingredients. Other things that

  • last a long time. And you can go on a hike for two weeks and

  • use that as one of the food items that you eat. Dried food.

  • Super yummy. Um if you go to any grocery store in North

  • America there will be a dried food section where you can buy

  • foods that are dried. It's not very big. But it's definitely

  • there. Mashed. This would be what Bob the Canadian. This was

  • a typical meal when Bob the Canadian was a kid. Um some

  • kind of meat looks like sausages here. But those white

  • things there are mashed potatoes. When I was a kid we

  • ate mashed potatoes almost everyday There were a couple

  • reasons why. Number one it was a very common food to eat in

  • Holland. So when my family immigrated here I was born here

  • but when my family immigrated here they continued to eat

  • them. Number two potatoes were very very cheap and are still

  • very very cheap. It's one of the cheapest foods you can buy.

  • So we ate a lot of potatoes because they were cheap. And we

  • always ate them mashed. So mashed means when you cook

  • something and then you you you smash it up so that it becomes

  • almost smooth. Mashed potatoes. Um I still like them by the

  • way. By the way this to me it looks fairly yummy. I'm not

  • sure what the vegetable is though. Let's go a little

  • bigger and see. Yeah the vegetable doesn't look familiar

  • to me. It looks like a little bit of a tomato salad with some

  • cilantro or something like that. So anyways let's get back

  • to the lesson. I'm reminiscing eating mashed potatoes as a kid

  • though. Mashed potatoes with butter and gravy. Not healthy

  • but very yummy. Sometimes we describe food as being old. Um

  • if you look here you'll see that this jar I think this is

  • actually like a mustard jar. It has a best before date. So BB

  • means best before. And it's an MA means mayor avon. I think

  • that's the French. Uh this jar of mustard is old. We might

  • also say it's gone bad. Or we'd would say it's past its expiry

  • date. Or it's expired. So this was good until April 21st,

  • 2019. By the way when food hits its best before date it doesn't

  • mean the food's old right away or bad right away. Usually with

  • something like mustard it would probably take another month

  • before it would be bad. This is not nutritional advice by the

  • way. But sometimes food goes gets old. Like oh this bread is

  • it's dry and crusty and there's mold on it. This this bread is

  • old. Or we would say this bread has gone bad. Never nice for me

  • when I find food that has gotten old or gone bad in my

  • house because I feel like it means we wasted some money.

  • Stale. So bread in particular will go stale. When you first

  • buy bread when you have fresh bread it smells really good and

  • it's nice and chewy or it has a certain nice taste to it. It's

  • nice and crusty on the outside and nice and soft on the

  • inside. But eventually the bread goes stale. It it it's

  • still okay to eat but it doesn't taste as good. It's not

  • as nice to eat. It doesn't it's not crunchy on the outside

  • anymore. It's a little soft everywhere. Um usually when we

  • have stale bread we make something else out of it. We