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  • Where's the TV remote?

  • Umuh... Katie might have thrown it away

  • What do you mean she threw it away?

  • Well, she took the rubbish out of the big bins and then realized that she might have accidentally thrown the remote away in the rubbish.

  • Well, did she get the bag back out

  • Uh... no. The bins had been collected by the time she noticed it was gone

  • I wonder why she didn't tell me.

  • She might have been embarrassed by making such a silly mistake.

  • You know a lot about an incident that might have been Katie's fault.

  • Okay, fine. It was me. I'm sorry.  

  • I ordered another one on Amazon, so it might be here on time to watch our favorite show tonight

  • Well, I might just hit you with it.

  • I might.

  • What does "I might" mean?

  • "Might" is a modal verb that we use when talking about things that are possible, but not certain

  • You can use it to say you are thinking of doing something, such as, "I've got lots of energy today. I might go for a run later."

  • Or, you could add "not" after the word "might" to form the negative.

  • Oh, I might not go for a run later. The weather looks pretty bad.

  • So, let's start off with things that might have happened in the past.  

  • For example, if you've lost your phoneugh!

  • You could say, "I might have left it on the bus."

  • Let's break that phrase down.

  • Might have left.

  • This means that you don't know for certain that you've left your phone on the bus, but it is a possibility

  • To form this phrase, we use the word "might", followed by the word "have", followed by the past participle of the appropriate verb.

  • More examples of this could be

  • I might have put it in my coat pocket.

  • I might have given it to my mum.

  • I might have dropped it in the park.

  • Next, let's move on to a possibility in the present.

  • Something that could be going on right now, but you're not quite sure.

  • Ah! The cake might be burning!

  • Excuse me, I need to get to the oven.

  • Why?

  • Because the cake might be burning.

  • No, the cake's fine; I just burned some toast. These smoke alarms are so sensitive, aren't they

  • So, here's how we express a possibility in the present tense

  • Might be burning.

  • We have the word "might" to show us that what we are about to say is a possibility, but is not certain.

  • Then we have the word "be". This is the word that tells us that the action is ongoing; it's happening right now.

  • And finally, we have the verb that tells us the action with the "-ing" ending

  • I might be walking home from work this week

  • Hey, we might be ordering pizza for dinner.

  • You might be waiting a while

  • Sometimes, you might need to use an adjective in the place of the verb, in which case, there is no "-ing" ending.

  • We might be lost

  • He might be busy.

  • They might be asleep

  • Sometimes, you might need to add a pronoun as well.

  • That might be my best work yet

  • Ah! He might be your knight in shining armor.

  • You might be your own biggest critic.

  • Finally, let's talk about how we can discuss a possibility in the future

  • It might snow tonight, reaching lows of -3 degrees at 2 a.m. 

  • This one is simple!

  • We just use the word "might" followed by the base verb that you're using to describe the action.

  • Mmm... I might have a salad for lunch

  • I might watch a film later.

  • I might call my dad and ask him to look at the boiler.

  • Okay, so now you know how to talk about past possibilities, present possibilities, and future possibilities.

  • But there's another word in the English language that is often used interchangeably with the word "might", and that's "could".  

  • "Could" still implies that something is a possibility, but not a certainty.

  • However, "could" refers more to the ability to do something than a wish to do it.

  • Ugh, I'm so tired, I might just watch a film later

  • My new TV has finally arrived. I could watch a film later

  • Did you notice the difference?

  • "Might" is more to do with whether you choose to do somethingand "could" is more to do with whether you're able to.

  • You can't watch a film with no TV....

  • Unless you watch it on your computer or on your phone or you go to the cinema.... Never mind.

  • So, your homework is to write three sentences in the comments.

  • One should be about a past possibilityone should be a present possibility, and one should be a future possibility.  

  • Bonus points if you could tell a mini-story through your three sentences

  • You might write them perfectly.

  • If you do, I will press the heart button on your comment.  

  • Or you might make a mistake.

  • And if you do, that's ok. I'll correct it in the comments.

  • You might see me again soon.

  • Hopefully.

  • Alright, until next time. Take care, bye.

Where's the TV remote?

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A2 UK possibility film present cake katie burning

Modals In English: Might & Could / Talking About Possibilities

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    Elise Chuang posted on 2021/12/26
Video vocabulary