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  • Hi everybody.

  • Welcome to Beginner 1.

  • In these videos, I hope to  teach you some basic English.

  • So, these videos are for low level beginners.

  • Okay

  • Now when you watch these videos, I want you to pay attention.

  • Okay

  • Watch all the videos in the series.

  • Okay

  • Please listen carefully and if there are any words or expressions that you don't know,

  • please check your dictionary.

  • Another thing you should do is repeat after me.

  • Repeating is a really good practice.

  • Okay

  • So, I know that some of these videos are hard.

  • But please don't give up.

  • If you try your best, and watch all of these videos,

  • I know that your English will get better.

  • Okay, well let's get started.

  • Hi, everybody and welcome to this video.

  • Now in this video, I want to talk about the difference between consonants and vowels.

  • Now, in the English alphabetthere are twenty-six letters.

  • And in the alphabet, there are five main vowels and one special vowel.

  • And the rest are consonants.

  • So, let's look at the board.

  • Here's the alphabet.

  • The first letter, 'a', is a vowel.

  • The next letter, 'b', is a consonant.

  • 'c' is a consonant.

  • 'd' consonant.

  • 'e' is a vowel.

  • Then, 'f', is a consonant.

  • 'g' consonant.

  • 'h' consonant.

  • 'i' is another vowel.

  • 'j' is a consonant.

  • 'k' consonant.

  • 'l', 'm', 'n' are consonants.

  • 'o' is another vowel.

  • 'p', 'q', 'r', 's' and 't', these are all consonants.

  • 'u' is the last main vowel.

  • 'v' consonant.

  • 'w' consonant.

  • 'x' consonant.

  • 'y' is the special vowel.

  • And we'll talk about that more later on.

  • And 'z' is the last letter, and it is a consonant.

  • Okay, so, there are twenty-six  letters in the alphabet.

  • There are five main vowels.

  • One special vowel.

  • And the rest are consonant.

  • Okay, let's move on to the next part.

  • Let's look at some words.

  • Now all English words have vowels.

  • Maybe one or many vowels.

  • So, let's look at these words.

  • The first word iscat”.

  • Okay, we have 'c' is a consonant.

  • 'a' a vowel.

  • 't' consonant.

  • Egg”.

  • 'e' is a vowel.

  • And 'g', 'g'.

  • 'g' is a consonant.

  • Hit”.

  • 'h' is a consonant.

  • 'i' a vowel.

  • And 't' a consonant.

  • Top”.

  • 't' is a consonant.

  • 'o' is a vowel.

  • And 'p' a consonant.

  • The last word iscut”.

  • 'c' is a consonant.

  • 'u' a vowel.

  • And 't' a consonant.

  • So, we have the main vowels: 'a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u'.

  • Now, I said 'y' is a special vowel.

  • That's because sometimes it's a vowel and sometimes it's a consonant.

  • So, let's look.

  • In the word, “why”,

  • the letter 'y' sounds like 'i'.

  • Why”.

  • So, it is a vowel.

  • Bicycle”.

  • The letter 'y' sounds like 'i'.

  • Bicycle”.

  • 'i' is the letter 'i', right, it sounds like the letter 'i'.

  • So, in this case 'y' is also a vowel.

  • Pretty”.

  • Pretty”.

  • 'y' sounds like 'e'.

  • Okay

  • Pretty”.

  • So, it's a vowel.

  • Now, in the last two words,

  • youandyes”, the letter 'y' is a consonant.

  • Usually, if 'y' comes at the beginning of a word,

  • or if it makes a /u/ sound,

  • for example, “you”, “yes”,

  • it is a consonant. Okay

  • So again, five main vowels: 'a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u'.

  • And 'y' the special vowel.

  • Now to help us remember vowels, we can say, “a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y.”

  • Okay, repeat again after me.

  • “a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y.”

  • One more time, faster.

  • “a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y.”

  • Okay, and that's the end of this video. Thank you.

  • Hi everybody and welcome to this video.

  • In this video, we're going to  talk about using 'a' or 'an'.

  • Okay.

  • We use 'a' or 'an' in front of nouns.

  • Well, what is a noun?

  • A noun is a person, place, thing, or animal.

  • Okay, so let's look at the board.

  • The first noun we have isbanana”.

  • banana”, starts with the consonant 'b'.

  • So, we put “a banana”.

  • “a banana”.

  • Look at the next word. “Apple”.

  • In this case, the first letter is 'a'.

  • 'a' is a vowel.

  • Remember the vowels are a, e, i, o, u,

  • so we have to put 'an'.

  • an apple”.

  • cat”. Hmmm.

  • The first letter, 'c', is a consonant.

  • So, should we put, 'a' or 'an'?

  • Remember, if it's a consonant, we have to put 'a'.

  • “a cat”.

  • The next word, “boy”.

  • Again, the word starts with a consonant: 'b'.

  • So, we have to say, “a boy”.

  • The next word, “egg”, has the letter 'e' in front.

  • 'e' is a vowel.

  • So, what do we put?

  • We put 'an'.

  • If we read it, it sounds likean egg.”

  • an egg”.

  • Okay, and the last word isant”.

  • antstarts with the vowel 'a'.

  • So again, we must put……”an ant”.

  • an ant”.

  • Now, let's go through these words together.

  • “a banana”. “a banana”.

  • an apple”. “an apple”.

  • Keep in mind that when you have 'an' in front,

  • it has to sound like almost one word.

  • an apple”. “an apple”.

  • “a cat”. “a cat”.

  • “a boy”. “a boy”.

  • an egg”. “an egg”.

  • an egg”.

  • Again, it sounds like one word.

  • "an egg". 

  • "an ant" "an ant"

  • "an ant"

  • Okay. Let's move on the next part.

  • Okay, let's do some extra practice.

  • Ahhh, I have some nouns on the board.

  • Remember, a noun is a person, place, thing or animal.

  • So let's go through them one by one.

  • “a book”, “bookis a thing.

  • It's a thing that we read.

  • park”, is a place. It's a place we go.

  • umbrellais a thing.

  • Right. Umbrella is a thing that we use when it's raining.

  • elephant”. “elephantis an animal.

  • doctor”. “doctoris a person.

  • Andorange”. "orange" is a thing that we eat.

  • Okay. Now, I'm going to say 'a' or 'an' in front of the nouns.

  • I want you to listen and see if you can hear the difference.

  • Okay

  • We havebook”.

  • In that case we say, “a book”. “a book”.

  • We have to say, “a book”.

  • Okay

  • The next one ispark”.

  • We say, “a park”. “a park”.

  • Remember, we put 'a' in front of words that begin with consonants.

  • 'b' and 'p' are consonants.

  • That's why we say, “a book”, “a park”.

  • Okay

  • How about the next word?

  • an umbrella”.

  • an umbrella”.

  • Could you here the difference? “an umbrella”.

  • We say 'an' because umbrella starts with a vowel: 'u'.

  • an umbrella”.

  • Okay… “elephant”.

  • We should we say?

  • an elephant”. “an elephant”.

  • Again, 'elephant' starts with a vowel.

  • “a doctor”. “a doctor”.

  • “a doctor”.

  • And the last word, “an orange”. “an orange”.

  • Again, we have to say, “an orangebecause 'o' is a vowel.

  • So, let's go through each word one more time.

  • “a book”. “a book”.

  • Okay

  • “a park”. “a park”.

  • an umbrella”. “an umbrella”.

  • Notice it sounds like one word.

  • an umbrella”.

  • an elephant” “an elephant

  • “a doctor” “a doctor

  • And the last one.

  • an orange” “an orange

  • Okay. So that's the end of this video.

  • I hope you can remember when to use 'a' and 'an'.

  • Okay, thank you. Bye.

  • Hi, everybody and welcome to this video.

  • Now, in this lesson I'm going to talk about singular and plural nouns.

  • Okay. Singular means one.

  • And plural means more than one or many.

  • Okay. So let's look at the board.

  • This part is showing singular nouns.

  • Okay, remember, singular means one.

  • Okay.

  • So when the noun is singular, we put 'a' or 'an'.

  • So let's look.

  • “a ring

  • That means one ring. “a ring

  • “a dogAgain, one dog.

  • “a dog

  • “a teacherOne teacher.

  • “a teacher

  • an apple” “an apple

  • One apple.

  • an egg” “an egg

  • One egg.

  • So again, one…. noun is singular.

  • Okay. Now over here, we have plural nouns.

  • Plural means more than one. Two, three, four, and so on.

  • So, many. Okay.

  • So, when we have a plural noun, we have to,

  • don't forget, we have to put 's' or 'es'.

  • Again, if there's more than one,

  • if the noun is plural,

  • you have to put 's' or 'es'.

  • Now the nouns here, you just have to add an 's'.

  • Okay, and we're going to  go through them right now.

  • two rings”.

  • Okay, we had one ring. “a ring”.

  • Now we havetwo rings.” With an 's'.

  • Okay.

  • We had “a dog”.

  • The plural isthree dogs”.

  • Again, 's' “three dogs

  • “a teacherOne teacher

  • four teachers” “four teachers

  • Don't forget the 's'.

  • Okay, you must not forget that.

  • an apple”. That's one apple.

  • Then we have plural. “five apples

  • five apples

  • Okay. And the last one.

  • an egg”. One egg.

  • six eggs

  • Don't forget 's'. “six eggs

  • Okay. I really need you to remember that.

  • two rings

  • three dogs

  • four teachers

  • five apples

  • andsix eggs”.

  • Okay, let's move on to the next part.

  • Now we have some more nouns.

  • These nouns are a little bit different.