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  • Hi, everyone. I'm Esther

  • In this grammar course, I'll  be teaching the future tense

  • I'll talk about the future simplefuture continuous, future perfect,  

  • and future perfect continuous tenses. There's a lot of important information.

  • So Keep watching.

  • Hi, everyone.

  • I'm Esther.

  • In this video, I will introduce the future simple tense

  • using 'will' and 'be going to'.

  • This is a very important tense that will help you express future actions and plans.

  • There's a lot to learn, so let's get started.

  • The future simple tense can be used to express a future action.

  • Let's take a look at some examples.

  • 'I'm cold.'

  • Well that's right now.

  • 'I will close the window.'

  • We start with the subject 'will'.

  • And then, the base verb.

  • 'I will close the window.'

  • In this example, I'm making a sudden decision because how I feel right now.

  • I will close the window because I'm cold right now.

  • 'I will be at the library tomorrow.'

  • Again, you start with the subject and then 'will'.

  • After that, you have the base verb.

  • You can use the 'be' verb to talk about a confirmed plan.

  • 'I will be at the library tomorrow.'

  • The economy will get better next year.

  • In this case, the subject is 'the economy'.

  • Again, we follow with 'will' and the base verb 'get'.

  • 'The economy will get better next year.'

  • I'm making a prediction here about something that will happen in the future.

  • And finally, 'I will help you with your homework.'

  • I'm making a future plan to help you.

  • 'I will help you with your homework.'

  • It doesn't say when but I am talking about the future.

  • Let's move on.

  • You can also use 'be going to' to express a future action.

  • It's almost the same as 'will'.

  • Here are some examples.

  • 'There's no milk.

  • I'm going to buy some.'

  • So what you see here is the subject and then the 'be' verb - 'am'.

  • 'I am'

  • And then here we used a contraction 'I'm'.

  • 'I'm going to buy some.'

  • I made a decision to buy some because there's no milk.

  • The next sentence says, 'It looks like it's going to snow tomorrow.'

  • Here the subject is 'it' and so I use the 'be' verb – 'is'.

  • 'it is'

  • 'It's' is the contraction.

  • 'It's going to' And then we use the base verb 'snow'.

  • The word 'tomorrow' shows that this is a future action.

  • 'He's going to take a trip in the summer.'

  • Because the subject is 'he', we use the 'be' verbis.

  • And we can use the contraction 'he's'. 'he is' or 'he's' going to

  • And then the base verb 'take'

  • 'take a trip in the summer'

  • Again an action happening in the future.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now, let's take a look at the negative form of

  • the future simple tense.

  • The first example says, 'Stan will not like his English score.'

  • No matter what the subject is, we follow with 'will not' and then the

  • base form of the verb.

  • 'Stan will not like his English score.'

  • 'We won't give you money anymore.'

  • In this case, the subject is 'we'.

  • And we follow with the contraction 'won't'.

  • It sounds really different and it's different from other contractions,

  • but 'won't' is the contraction for 'will not'

  • so you can say 'we will not' or 'we won't'.

  • They're the same.

  • 'We won't give you money anymore.'

  • Again, you notice the base verb 'give' after 'not'.

  • 'He is not going to fly until next week.'

  • This sentence uses 'be going to'.

  • The subject is 'he'.

  • And therefore the 'be' verb we use is – 'is'

  • However we put a 'not' after the 'be' verb.

  • 'He is not going to …' And then the base verb.

  • 'He is not going to fly until next week.'

  • The last sentence says, 'You are not going to go to the party tonight.'

  • The subject is 'you' and so we use the 'be' verb – 'are'.

  • 'You are not going to go …' That's the base verb.

  • '… to the party tonight.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Now let's take a look at how to form basic questions in the future simple tense.

  • The first sentence says, 'He will play with us.'

  • To turn this into a question, all we have to do is change the order of the

  • first two words.

  • So 'He will becomes 'Will he'.

  • 'Will he play with us?'

  • 'The next sentence says, 'He is going to play with us.'

  • This one uses 'be going to'.

  • The subject is 'he'.

  • And so the 'be' verb to use is – 'is'.

  • Then we have 'going to' and then the base verb.

  • 'He is going to play with us.'

  • When I make a question, I simply again change the order of the first two words.

  • 'Is he going to play with us?'

  • Now if the subject were to be 'you' or 'we' or 'they',

  • we would say 'they are'.

  • And so the question would say, 'Are they'.

  • 'Are they going to play with them?'

  • for example.

  • So again, remember, for 'will' in the future simple tense,

  • just say 'will' subject and then the base form of the verb.

  • However for 'be going to' questions, make sure that you pay attention to the proper

  • 'be' verb to use at the beginning of the question.

  • To answer the first question, 'Will he play with us?'

  • You can say 'Yes, he will' or 'No, he won't'.

  • 'Is he going to play with us?'

  • You can say, 'Yes, he's going to' or 'No, he isn't going to'.

  • Let's move on.

  • Let's look at how to form 'WH' questions in the future simple tense.

  • If you notice each question begins with a 'WH' word.

  • Who

  • When

  • Where

  • And What

  • The first two sentences use 'will' for the future simple tense.

  • 'Who will win the game?'

  • To answer I can say, 'My team will win the game.'

  • 'When will they arrive?'

  • 'They will arrive in two hours.'

  • Now these two sentences have 'be going to'.

  • 'Where is he going to study?'

  • In this case, I have the 'be' verb – 'is' because the subject is 'he'.

  • 'Where is he going to study?'

  • I can say, 'He is going to study at the library.'

  • And finally, 'What are you going to do?'

  • In this case, I use the 'be' verb – 'are' because the subject is 'you'.

  • 'What are you going to do?'

  • 'I am going to take a shower.'

  • Let's move on.

  • For this checkup let's take a look at the will usage for the future simple tense.

  • The first example says, 'Jen and Paul [blank] home soon'

  • with the verb 'go'.

  • Remember, when using 'will' for the future simple tense,

  • it doesn't matter what the subject is.

  • We say 'will' and then the base verb.

  • So here we can say, 'Jen and Paul' or 'They will go home soon'.

  • 'I [blank] a scientist after I graduate.'

  • Try filling in the blank with 'be'.

  • Again, we simply say 'will be'.

  • 'I will be a scientist after I graduate.'

  • Now try this one, 'We [blank] that because it smells bad.'

  • I want you to use the negative form with the verb 'eat'.

  • Here we say, 'will not eat' or remember we can use the contraction 'won't'.

  • 'We will not eat that' or 'We won't eat that because it smells bad'.

  • Now look for the mistake in this sentence.

  • 'I will eat a pizza for lunch.'

  • Remember, we need the base form of the verb.

  • 'I will eat a pizza for lunch.'

  • 'Angie and I will playing a game.'

  • Again we need the base form of the verb.

  • Angie and I will play a game.'

  • And finally, 'Will she be cook dinner?'

  • This is a question.

  • However we need to say, 'Will she cook dinner.'

  • We do not need a 'be' verb here.

  • Let's move on.

  • Let's practice the 'be going to' usage of the future simple tense.

  • 'We [blank] going to _blank_ soccer.'

  • I want you to use the verb 'watch'.

  • Remember, for 'be going to' in the future simple tense,

  • we start with the subject and then the 'be' verb.

  • The subject here is 'we'.

  • So we need the 'be' verb – 'are'.

  • 'We are going to' and then the base verb 'watch'.

  • 'We are going to watch soccer.'

  • 'I [blank] going to [blank].'

  • The verb is 'talk'.

  • And I want you to use the negative form.

  • In this case, the subject is 'I'.

  • And so I use the 'be' verb – 'am'.

  • 'I am' and then we need 'not'.

  • 'I am not going to'

  • Then the base verb 'talk'.

  • 'Why [blank] you going to [blank]?'

  • The verb here is 'go'.

  • In a question, especially a 'WH' question, we start with the 'WH' word,

  • and then the 'be' verb.

  • 'are' is the correct 'be' verb because the subject is 'you'.

  • Then we have 'going to'.

  • And again, the base form of the verb.

  • 'Why are you going to go?'

  • Now try to find the mistake in the next sentence.

  • 'You are going to studying at home.'

  • Can you find the mistake?

  • 'You are going to' that's correct.

  • But we need the base form of the verb.

  • 'You are going to study at home.'

  • 'You will be going to learn English.'

  • 'You will be going'

  • That sounds a little strange.

  • Remember, we don't need the 'will' here.

  • We're using 'be going to' and we need to change the 'be' verb to match the subject.

  • 'You are going to learn English'.

  • Or remember, you can also say, 'You will learn English.

  • and finally 'Is he going to do play soccer.'

  • uh-oh We have two verbs here.

  • 'Is he going to' - that's correct.

  • But we have 'do' and 'play'.

  • We don't need both, so we say, 'Is he going to play soccer?'

  • Great job everybody.

  • Let's move on.

  • Great job, everyone.

  • You now have a better understanding of the future simple tense.

  • There's still a lot of practice you need to do because this tense is so important.

  • Keep studying and I'll see you in the next video

  • Hi, everybody.

  • I'm Esther.

  • In this video, I will introduce the future continuous English grammar tense.

  • This tense can be used to express an ongoing action in the future.

  • I'll go over the basics of this lesson.

  • And by the end you'll have a better idea of when to use this tense.

  • There's a lot to learn, so let's get started.

  • One usage of the future continuous tense

  • is to talk about an ongoing action that will happen in the future.

  • We include when this action will be happening.

  • We can use 'will be' or 'be going to be'.

  • To do this, let's take a look at some examples.

  • 'I will be taking the test soon.'

  • So you can see here we have the subject and then 'will be'.

  • After that, we include verb +ing.

  • The word 'soon' at the end of this sentence indicates when this action will be happening.

  • 'I am going to be taking the test soon.'

  • This sentence means the same thing as the first sentence,

  • but instead of 'will be', we used 'be going to be'.

  • Here the subject is 'I'.

  • And therefore we have the 'be' verb 'am'.

  • 'I am going to be' And then verb +ing.

  • 'I am going to be taking the test soon.'

  • I can also use the contraction and say.

  • 'I'm going to be taking the test soon.'

  • The next sentence says, 'He will be sleeping by 10 p.m.'

  • And the last sentence says, 'They are going to be …'

  • Here, because the subject is 'they', we use 'are'.

  • 'They are going to be studying …' There's the verb +ing

  • '… next October.'

  • 'by 10 pm' and 'next October' show when these actions will be happening.

  • Let's move on.

  • The future continuous tense is also used to show

  • that a short action in the future is happening

  • during or while a longer action is in progress in the future,.

  • We can use the word 'when' to show when the shorter action occurs.

  • Take a look at the first example,

  • 'I will be sleeping when they arrive.'

  • Here we see two actions,

  • 'I will be sleeping' and 'they arrive'.

  • The part of the sentence that's in the future continuous tense is the longer action