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  • Hi, everybody.

  • In this video, we're going to talk about the articles; 'a', 'an' and 'the'.

  • Now this can be very confusing, so please make sure you pay careful attention.

  • We use articles in front of nouns.

  • Okay, so remember that and let's look at the board.

  • First, we use 'a' or 'an' when we're talking about any one thing.

  • For example, let's say I say, “A banana is delicious.”

  • Okay, that means all bananas.

  • Any banana is delicious.

  • “A banana is delicious.”

  • Okay, let's jump over here.

  • If I'm talking about a specific banana

  • maybe I have a banana in my hand.

  • It's specific, not any banana, this one.

  • I have to use 'the',

  • The banana is old.”

  • Okay. This one.

  • I can't say, “A banana is old.”

  • Then that means all bananas are old.

  • And that's not true. Just this one.

  • So, I say, “The banana is old.”

  • Okay, let's move over here.

  • We also use 'a' or 'an' when we're talking about something for the first time.

  • So, I have another example here.

  • “I watched a movie.”

  • Okay.

  • I'm talking about this movie for the first time, so I have to use “…a movie”.

  • But, if I want to talk about this movie again,

  • for the second time, or the third time or fourth, fifth

  • it doesn't matter.

  • I have to use 'the'.

  • The movie was fun.”

  • I'm talking about this one. The specific.

  • The movie was fun.”

  • I can't say, “A movie was fun.”

  • That means all movies are fun.

  • That's not true.

  • The movie was fun.”

  • Okay, and I also use 'the'

  • when I'm talking about a noun where there's only one and only.

  • Okay.

  • For example, there's only one sun.

  • Okay, when I look at the sky, there's only one sun.

  • So, I say, “The sun.”

  • The sun is hot.”

  • I cannot say, “A sun.”

  • That's wrong.

  • When there's one and only, we say, “The sun.”

  • Okay.

  • Let's look at some more examples.

  • The first example says, “A lion is dangerous.”

  • I have to use 'a' because I'm talking about any one lion.

  • Any lion is dangerous.

  • All lions are dangerous.

  • So, I use 'a'.

  • The next sentence says, “It's a dog.”

  • I'm talking about this dog for the first time, so I use 'a'.

  • Now, I'm talking about this dog for the second time.

  • So, I say, “The dog is cute.”

  • Okay.

  • Here's a similar example.

  • It's an ant.”

  • Well, I used 'an' because we have 'ant', which start with a vowel.

  • And I'm talking about this ant for the first time.

  • It's an ant.”

  • Now, I'm talking about this ant again.

  • The ant is small.”

  • The ant…”, this one, “…is small.”

  • Okay, and the last one.

  • It's the moon.”

  • I have to say, “the moonbecause there's only one moon.

  • I cannot say, “a moon”.

  • It's the moon.

  • The moon…”, only one, “…is round.”

  • Okay.

  • Let's look at some more examples.

  • Okay, we have some more examples,

  • but this time I want you to think about whether we should put 'a', 'an' or 'the'.

  • Okay.

  • So, “I see ____ desk and ___ chair.”

  • We don't know which desk and chair.

  • And it's the first time I'm talking about them.

  • So, we have to put 'a'.

  • “I see a desk and a chair.”

  • The next one.

  • “I see ____ octopus.”

  • Okay, this is the same.

  • It's the first time I'm talking about this octopus.

  • So, do I put 'a' or 'an'?

  • Well here we have the vowel 'o'.

  • So we have to put “'an' octopus”.

  • “I see an octopus.”

  • Okay, the next one.

  • It's ___ pen.”

  • Okay, it's the same.

  • It's the first time, so I say, “a pen”.

  • Now, I'm talking about the pen for the second time.

  • So I say, “The pen is red.”

  • Okay, I'm talking about this one.

  • So I say, “the”.

  • Okay, similarly

  • She is ____ girl.”

  • What do I say?

  • “a girl.”

  • We're talking about her for the first time.

  • Okay.

  • And now we're talking about this girl again, for the second time.

  • So, I have to say, “The girl is pretty.”

  • And the last example.

  • “I can see ___ sky.”

  • Now, we only have one sky.

  • Right

  • So, if there's only one and only, we have to put the article 'the'.

  • “I can see the sky.”

  • Okay.

  • So in this video, we talked about the articles 'a', 'an' and 'the'.

  • I hope you understand, and I'll see you in the next video.

  • Bye.

Hi, everybody.

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A2 banana ant talking moon octopus sun

Learn Articles a / an / the | Basic English Grammar Course

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    Summer posted on 2021/09/20
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