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  • Hi, everybody and welcome to this video.

  • We're going to talk about how to use 'these' and 'those'.

  • Okay.

  • Uhhh, just like we learned with 'this' and 'that',

  • we use 'these' and 'those' to talk about nouns that are close to us

  • or far from us.

  • Okay.

  • So, let's take a look at the board.

  • Now, we know if there is just one,

  • and it's close to us,

  • we say, “This is a flower”.

  • Okay.

  • But there's more than one.

  • It's plural.

  • So we have to say, “These”.

  • These are flowers.”

  • Again, more than one.

  • Now, I change the 'be' verb to 'are'

  • and I added an 's' at the end of 'flower'.

  • So, “These are flowers.”

  • Okay.

  • Now, there's one that's far away.

  • We say, “That is a flower.”

  • But, again, there's more than one.

  • There are two flowers.

  • So, in that case, we use, “Those are flowers.”

  • Those are flowers.”

  • They're far away.

  • Those are flowers.”

  • Let's look at these.

  • This is a marker.”

  • These are markers.”

  • That is a marker.”

  • Those are markers.”

  • Okay.

  • Let's move on to the next part.

  • So we knowThese are flowers”.

  • They're close by.

  • And for the flowers that are far away, we say,

  • Those are flowers”.

  • Okay.

  • But over here we have 'chairs'.

  • So, we have to use the negative.

  • Okay.

  • We use the contraction 'aren't'

  • which is short for 'are not'.

  • These aren't flowers.”

  • These aren't flowers.

  • Okay, and for the chairs that are far away,

  • we say, “Those aren't flowers”.

  • Those aren't flowers.”

  • Okay, and let's try with the markers.

  • These aren't pens.”

  • These aren't pens.”

  • Okay, and far away.

  • Those aren't pens.”

  • Those aren't pens.”

  • Okay, let's move on to the next part.

  • Okay, now we're going to make some questions.

  • We know, “These are flowers”.

  • When you want to make a question, you have to change

  • 'these are' and put the 'be' verb first.

  • So, it becomes, “Are these flowers?”.

  • Are these flowers?”

  • And the answer isYes, they are.”

  • Okay, now the flowers are far away.

  • So we say, “Are those flowers?”.

  • Are those flowers?”

  • And again, the answer isYes, they are.”

  • Okay. Now here, we have chairs.

  • Are these flowers?”

  • The answer isNo, they aren't.”

  • Okay, now they're far away.

  • Are those flowers?”

  • And again, the answer isNo, they aren't.”

  • How about these? “Are these markers?”

  • Yes, they are.”

  • Are those markers?”

  • Yes, they are.”

  • Are these pens?”

  • No, they aren't.”

  • Are those pens?”

  • No, they aren't.”

  • Okay, so in this video, we learned how to use 'these' and 'those'.

  • I hope you guys understand and I'll see you in the next video.

  • Bye.

Hi, everybody and welcome to this video.

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A2 aren flower marker answer uhhh learned

Learn THESE / THOSE | Basic English Grammar Course

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    Summer posted on 2021/09/15
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