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  • What am I supposed to do without your  love? Oh, hi. James from EngVid and welcome,  

  • future native speakers. E's making fun of mebecause he's saying, what are you supposed to do?  

  • Because my seeing isn't that great. But  he's actually bringing up today's lesson.  

  • And what we're going to learn today  is the modal verb that is used for  

  • obligation, expectation, and plans: supposed toPeople sometimes confuse supposed to with must,  

  • and have to. I've done a lesson on that. So you  can go check that out on the website at EngVid.  

  • But today, what we want to work  on specifically is supposed to,  

  • and how am I going to do that? Well, I'm going to  reduce you to the three most common ways people  

  • use it and give you examples. Okay. And  then we're going to do a quiz, of course,  

  • to test your knowledge on it. Why is it importantbecause supposed to is about plans. And we all  

  • know we make plans, from flying to different  countries to what we're going to have for dinner.  

  • So supposed to will help us make sure  you sound more like a native speaker?  

  • Are you ready? Let's go to the board. So what are you supposed to do? Supposed to:  

  • our first meaning we look at is to talk about  expectations, what you think should happen.  

  • So if you went to a store, and you saw thisyou said “$20? It's supposed to be on sale.”  

  • My expectation was it should be $15. But it's  not 15, it's 20. That's more than I expected.  

  • And that's where the expectations come inIt's an idea that you've had in your head,  

  • about a way a thing should be alright, if you're  going on a date, and you go out of, I'm going on a  

  • date to meet a woman, I come out, I've seen her on  Tinder or whatever. And I look at her Whoa, you're  

  • supposed to be smaller. Maybe she's 20 feet tall.  I'm like, I expected you this tall, not basketball  

  • height. Who knows, you never know. Okay, so my  example is: “supposed to be on sale”, you thought  

  • it would be one price, but it's another price. Now we talk about obligations. An obligation  

  • is similar to an expectation, but they are  different. An obligation is similar to more like  

  • must, something that you should do, because  you have this job or duty. And because  

  • of that you have certain expectationsMost of us know that if you have a job,  

  • and you're supposed to be there at 9am, that is an  obligation. It's not merely an expectation like,  

  • well, we kind of expected it to be, but it  could change. That's your job. And if that's  

  • difficult to understand, I want you to think about  going to a store. Imagine going to the bank, the  

  • bank is supposed to be open at 9am. And the bank  opens at 10 o'clock, the guy just walks up like,  

  • hey, just slept in, you're going to be angryright? Because it's not an expectation, not just,  

  • it's stronger than that. So you're having you have  an obligation to be here on time, look at all of  

  • these people lining up, we've been waiting for  you. In this case, you might say, or you would  

  • sayyou're supposed to be here at this time”.  It's not just expectation, it's more of a duty.  

  • Okay, so it's stronger than the expectation. But  it still comes from the family of expectation,  

  • right? Soyou were supposed to pay your taxes  on time”, in this case, supposed to take on the  

  • idea of must, is, you could say must. But once  again, remember, this lesson is about teaching you  

  • how we more casually use our English. And that's  why this lesson goes from a beginner lesson to an  

  • intermediate, because you've got more of an  understanding to use it more appropriately.  

  • You're supposed to be on time Johnson”:  you can say you must be on time,  

  • that clearly, they weren't on time. So you  say you're supposed to because that's part  

  • of your obligation. Cool. So we notice how  expectation is going morphing or changing into  

  • an obligation, something stronger. Now number three, we say to say I have  

  • heard or people believe something to be trueAnd you kind of going What do you mean I have  

  • heard or that's a confusing sentence? Well, I  have heard means people have told me right? I  

  • heard you I heard a sound. People have told me so  I have heard this is true. We can also say it's a  

  • different way of saying people believe so they  tell other people. For instance, I have heard  

  • that Paris is a romantic city. Or you can say what  what is it? “Paris is supposed to be a romantic  

  • city.” See? And then once again, it goes back to  that expectation thing we were talking about at  

  • the beginning. Because people have said it, you  expect it. It's not an obligation for Paris to be  

  • romantic. It is not the city of love just because  you think it is... no, it is your expectation not  

  • our obligation. Yes. My best French accent. Okayso it's something that people believe to be true,  

  • but it doesn't have to be. But people talk  about it. So you expect it or you believe it,  

  • okay? Because you've heard it or people believe  it. So these are the three most common uses I  

  • discussed at the beginning things that people use  supposed to for. And this is how you're supposed,  

  • oh, I'm about to say you're supposed to  use it expected to use it. Right? Okay.  

  • So, what is this supposed to? How do we write  it just because I said it and you're like, Okay,  

  • I get it. What is the form? So let's discuss  the form and the pronunciation of it. Okay,  

  • I'm going to teach you how to put it how to  pronounce it, we'll get the proper pronunciation  

  • because there are two. But let's go to the board  and look at the form. In red I have verbto be”,  

  • supposed”. And then I got to verb base. If you  don't know what that is, that is the infinitive  

  • form. When you have the preposition to, before  a verb in the base is, especially with a modal  

  • verb in front of it, it is the infinitive  form. So we have the verb to be supposed,  

  • and has to have a D. And I'll explain why insecond or two. And then the infinitive form of  

  • the next verb. I'm supposed to meet my friend for  dinner, you were supposed to be here an hour ago,  

  • you're supposed to go home. That is the  form. Now, when we say in the present,  

  • or future, we can use this and we will use  a probe the verb to be in its appropriate  

  • form for the pronoun. So if the pronoun is  I, then it's “am”. If it's he she it? “Is”.  

  • They, we, anare”. All right, so that's  are so we are supposed to see my friend,  

  • I am supposed to see my friend, she is supposed  to see your friend. Right? If it's the future, you  

  • use the same form. And you say, I am supposed to  see my friend tonight. That's in the future. Easy  

  • enough, right? And it's that expectation, or yeahin this case expectation for this sentence.  

  • Now when what happens if you want to say something  negative? Well, we're going to have to put a  

  • negative form in it. And that form is going to  take the form of 'not', which I didn't write.  

  • I didn't want it too confusing, but we'll put it  here: not. And we put the not with the verb to be.  

  • So we don't put it with the verb at the basewe put it with the verb to be so we change it.  

  • So the test, it wasn't supposed to be hard, hardWe change was Remember, we said it was okay. And  

  • this is actually negative and past. So I've done  a whammy on you. So before I do that, why don't  

  • we go here? They'll come back to there. OkaySo don't look here for a second. Let's go here.  

  • Let's do, we did future and present, let's do  the past form. We take the verb to be and there  

  • you go. It's in the past. So I was he was she  was they were we were okay, you just put that  

  • form. And that's the past. This is very specificAnd I want to take a second to you to explain.  

  • The past form is a little different than the  present form. Present Future means planning ahead.  

  • Past form is used to mean, something has  changed. What? I was supposed to meet my friend  

  • at the mall, it means I probably didn't meet my  friend at the mall. That was the plan. But it has  

  • changed. So when someone says to you in that this  moment, you're standing here and they're standing  

  • here. I'm supposed to go home tonight means that  was the plan. That may change or may have changed.  

  • Cool? All right. So look out forwasbecause  something's changing. And you have to be aware  

  • of it. Right? He was supposed to be the best  guy, the best guy for president. Things change.  

  • Alright, so in this case, I have I was supposed  to be home by now. Am I home? Probably not.  

  • That's what the was for. There was a plan  for me to be home. But clearly I'm not.  

  • Now I'm going to go back to the other form. Andapologize greatly for doing that to you. Because  

  • I really liked the lesson. It was a good one up  until here. But I wanted to show the negative  

  • form because sometimes things change, right? So in  this case, something's changed, but it's negative.  

  • You could say... here's an example. It was  supposed to be it's supposed to be a nice  

  • day today. Sunny, great weather. Right? Or you  could say it wasn't supposed to rain. What? Well,  

  • Sunny is good weather. Rain is bad weather. I  could make that negative change by addingnot”.  

  • It wasn't supposed to rain. Right? It is supposed  to be a nice day with a sentence on the board.  

  • It wasn't supposed to be hard, right? It is  supposed to be easy. Flipping it by changing  

  • the end of that verb. So what I want to say is  we've gone over three. Yes, sir. We have... oh,  

  • I almost jumped ahead of myself. I promise you  the pronunciation. And you're gonna say what's,  

  • what's the big deal. That's what  this crazy thing down here is.  

  • We actually don't usually saysupposed to”. And  that's why many students spell it incorrectly  

  • and they drop off the D because they always hear  “supposewhen you're speaking quickly, we usually  

  • drop the U sound. And we also drop the D sound. So  it comes out to sppose to, I'm sppose to do this,  

  • you're sppose to do this, we're sppose to goNow, when someone wants to get your attention,  

  • they'll say, you were supposed to be at work on  time. Don't play around, they're not playing with  

  • you. They took the time to say all the soundsSo fast speech, you'll notice the U and the D  

  • gets done, or dropped. Cool. So we've gone over the three  

  • definitions, some people break it into  four, I think three is sufficient.  

  • We've gone over to the present and future formAlright, we've gone over the past form. And we've  

  • even shown you the negative form. And I went one  step further negative, the negative post form.  

  • But it's not a lesson if we don't do our quiz  and have a bonus feature homework, is it?  

  • So I'd like you to stay with me. And after  you know, we're supposed to do something  

  • a little different, or we're supposed to do  the test. I want you to do it with me now.  

  • And we're back. So we were supposed to  do our quiz, which we'll do now. Do you  

  • remember the three meanings forsupposed  to”? Obligation, expectation, and belief.  

  • And that is part of what's going to happen  to the quiz here as we have three boxes,  

  • and you're going to try and fill out what  should go there. Which one? Which part of  

  • supposed to we're talking about in the meaning. Now, I'm over here. Let's start here. Mr. E says,  

  • You must not smoke in here. And James says okaycuz I love a good stogie. Stogie is like cigar  

  • people will talk with so on to talk about the  stogie with these lousy stogies. All right. So:  

  • You must not smoke in here.”  You have two jobs to do.  

  • What is it that James is there to do? And is  it obligation, expectation, or belief? Okay.  

  • That's right. “James isn't supposed to  smoke in here.” We have not being the  

  • negative part of the sentence. We know what's  supposed to means right? And we'll be sorry.  

  • James isn't supposed to smoke in here. And what  is this? Is it obligation, belief, or expectation?  

  • Well, if you remember rightly, I put must  when we were talking about obligation.  

  • It's not just expectation, I expect  you not to -- you're not supposed to.  

  • And we know must, like have to, is necessityright? So in this case, obligation. You're not  

  • supposed to. It's like a rule, or law. What about this one, two? “Many people  

  • believe that Oxford is the best university in the  world.” How would you write that? Sorry, I was  

  • just going to put this here before I forget. How  would you write that? Alright, so it is Oxford.  

  • Oxford is supposed to be the best university  in the world.” Now, I tried to help you here  

  • by saying something and if you can pick  it out, you'll know if this is obligation,  

  • belief, or expectation. What word should help  you here? That's correct. “Believe.” So this is a  

  • belief that people hold. Of course, if you're from  Harvard, you probably want to argue with that one,  

  • but let's just say Oxford for now. Okay. Now, can  I do this? Just as a quick question to see if you  

  • remember the grammar and how it's supposed to  be structured. Can I put supposed to like that?  

  • No. Now what we said was people may say it  like that very quickly. It's s'ppose to be,  

  • but you do not write it like that, you need the  D. Okay? Just like we don't add an ing or an S  

  • here. When we say supposed to, it's in the passive  voice. So we use the verb to be supposed to be,  

  • and then sorry, supposed to, with the infinitiveGood. I'm glad you remember the grammar.  

  • And I'm glad you remember what the meanings  are. So we're going back over that.  

  • Now for the final one. You should get it because  there's only one left. But this is a tough one.  

  • My girlfriend shouldn't be here. She should be  at work at this time. Maybe somebody is up to  

  • something bad, naughty person. You're not supposed  to be doing that. But what sentence would you  

  • write? And what part of the meaning of supposed  to are we looking at? Alright, so let's do it.  

  • That's a long sentence.  

  • It's a long sentence. We get the point. And I'm  going to fill this in. Because I already know  

  • you should know this one already. RightYou should know this one. Oh, you know what?  

  • I put the S too close so I should do thisShe's, she's supposed to. Okay. She's supposed  

  • to be at work. But what is it? It's going to  be... expectation. And for those of you who  

  • are confused, why is this expectation not  obligation? Because she's at work? Well,  

  • I think it has nothing to do with her work. I am  not her boss talking. Maybe I'm her boyfriend. And  

  • I expect her to be at work at 12 o'clock, except  she's home. But what am I doing that I'm afraid...  

  • to be continued. Alright, so we're  looking at it, and I've used it twice.  

  • My girlfriend isn't supposed to be here. Now we  know that is a negative use, we use the negative,  

  • right? And she's supposed to be at work  at this time. So we use the positive,  

  • both are in the positive or sorry, in the present  form. Right. So we talked about a change in plans.  

  • Remember, we talked about that. So there waschange in the plan. She's supposed to be at work.  

  • And she's not supposed to be here, now. My  expectation. So we've covered all the things  

  • we talked about, we have three examples  of obligation, or sorry, one example each  

  • of obligation, belief, and expectation. And now I would like to give you a couple  

  • other things. Well, some phrases you can use  with supposed to that will help to round out  

  • your English. Because as I said, why we're  learning this is because it's about planning.  

  • And in this case, you can see there's a change in  the plan. And a lot of people say this, instead of  

  • have toormust”, like I have to go to work I'm  supposed to go to work is more common. So I would  

  • like to give you a couple of phrases -- three to  be exact, that can help to fill out your use of  

  • supposed to”. So you can use this modal verb like  you're supposed to. Oh, yeah, I like it, too.  

  • So let's move to the bonus section of  the video. And I'm going to explain  

  • other uses of supposed to, that are  used commonly when we talk about  

  • our duties. We could talk about frustrationand the purpose of something. Okay, so:  

  • What am I supposed to do?” Notice  this question in frustration.  

  • It's... there was... okay. A perfect example  was there was a guy I know, named Matt,  

  • and was a pretty decent guy because he  would help out with the photocopier.  

  • And he could have said it like this, like, “What  am I supposed to do?” but he didn't use to do  

  • that. And I'll explain because his classroom was  right by our photocopier. And it would break down  

  • a lot. And a lot of the times the teachers would  be complaining and this and that making noise,  

  • and Matt would come out and help fix it. Now he  could have said it because it happened regularly,  

  • likewhat am I supposed to do? Do I look like the  Xerox guy?” but he didn't do that, he would just  

  • help them. But a lot of times people would use  frustration if it's a questioning frustration. If  

  • someone is asking them and saying this photocopier  doesn't work, and then just another teacher.  

  • Well, what am I supposed to do? It's not my  job.” And that's that frustration. As much as it  

  • seems like a question, it's a frustration that  it's not my responsibility or obligation to do  

  • something. Matt, hope you're doing well, because  you helped us a lot with that photocopier.  

  • Now, we can ask the same question, What amsupposed to do, but we can use it in line of duty?  

  • What's your job or responsibility? So you come in  and they go, okay... “Daniel's going to be doing  

  • this, Josh will be doing this.” And I go and go:  “So what am I supposed to do?” What is my job in  

  • all of this? In this case? It's not frustrationIt's what do you expect of me? Or what would you  

  • like me to do? So what am I supposed to  do? Sit over there. Okay. Cool, right?  

  • Next we can say it is what does something doBut we would say, what is this supposed to do?  

  • So you get rid of this. You go, what is it  supposed to do? What is this supposed to do?  

  • You could turn around and I'm looking  around at this. Oh, interesting.  

  • What is this supposed to do? Notice I said  “s'pposeto remember I said we dropped the U  

  • and the D, I use that what is this supposed to doMeaning what is its function? What is its purpose?  

  • Tell the weather, tell the time? I don't knowYou tell me what is it supposed to do? Cool.  

  • So now I've given you the three meanings of  supposed to in verb. I've given you three  

  • different ways you can use it in conversation  to... I want to say elicit and elicit means  

  • get more information from someone or somethingAs in frustration, you can let people know you're  

  • frustrated when something's not your  obligation. Right? What am I supposed to  

  • do about it? Do I look like I'm the prime minister  or president, prime minister, president, Canada?  

  • President of the United States or the prime  minister of Canada? Oh, wow. Too much TV.  

  • What do you expect of me, so what am I supposed  to do, help with the guys over there? Would  

  • you like me to work over there? So you're  asking me, what is my duty in this situation?  

  • And then we can say, what is the purpose of  something? What is it supposed to do? Is it  

  • supposed to be an air conditioner? Is it  supposed to be a computer? What is it?  

  • Now, I've given you your test?  I think you did rather well,  

  • remembering what the three  meanings of supposed to are,  

  • and how we can use it. I've given