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  • Today, we are going to focus on two important English consonant sounds.

  • The /d/ sound and the /ʤ/ sound.

  • They may be confusing because they sound very similar but they are different.

  • And I want you to be able to hear the difference and to be able to pronounce them correctly.

  • So let's take two example words.

  • The first word is the word 'dog'.

  • It's a very simple 'd' sound. 'dog'

  • The second word is 'jog'.

  • It's a /ʤ/ sound. 'jog'

  • So 'dog',

  • 'jog'

  • I hope you can hear the difference.

  • Keep on watching. We're going to practice together.

  • And I promise you by the end of the video, you will understand the difference

  • and you will pronounce these two sounds correctly.

  • So let's get started.

  • Before we learn about the consonant sounds /d/ and /ʤ/ in English,

  • please try to know about the I.P.A spelling.

  • It's very important.

  • Also you can watch how I move my mouth

  • and obviously always try to repeat after me in this video.

  • Very important as well.

  • You can do this, guys. Let's do it together.

  • First, let's learn how to make the /d/ sound in English.

  • It's a voiced sound. You're going to use your voice - feel the vibration in your throat.

  • What you do is, you put your tongue behind your top teeth.

  • And you make your throat vibrate, you use your voice and you produce a sound.

  • /d/ Okay.

  • Please repeat after me.

  • /d/

  • Let's practice with the word 'dog'.

  • Please repeat after me.

  • 'dog'

  • Good.

  • Let's now move on to the /ʤ/ sound.

  • It's voiced as well. You're also going to use your voice and feel the vibration in your throat.

  • But this time, your teeth should touch each other.

  • And you're going to place your tongue up there and it's not going to move.

  • And you're going to produce a sound. /ʤ/

  • Okay.

  • Please repeat after me.

  • /ʤ/

  • Let's use the word 'jog'.

  • Please repeat after me.

  • 'jog'

  • Great.

  • Let's now practice minimal pairs.

  • These words are almost the same but the sounds are different.

  • They're very useful if you want to hear the different sounds in English.

  • First let's focus on our two sounds.

  • Please watch my mouth repeat after me.

  • /d/

  • /ʤ/

  • Let's now do both. Please repeat after me, guys.

  • /d/

  • /ʤ/

  • /d/

  • /ʤ/

  • /d/

  • /ʤ/

  • Let's now use our words.

  • Please repeat after me.

  • 'dog'

  • 'jog'

  • 'dog'

  • 'jog'

  • 'dog'

  • 'jog'

  • Great job.

  • Okay, guys. We're now going to go through minimal pairs together.

  • Please remember to watch my mouth and to repeat after me.

  • bad

  • badge

  • barred

  • barge

  • bud

  • budge

  • charred

  • charge

  • dab

  • jab

  • dale

  • jail

  • dam

  • jam

  • dangle

  • jangle

  • day

  • jay

  • deans

  • jeans

  • deer

  • jeer

  • debt

  • jet

  • deep

  • jeep

  • dell

  • gel

  • dig

  • jig

  • dim

  • gym

  • din

  • gin

  • dissed

  • gist

  • dive

  • jive

  • do

  • Jew

  • dock

  • jock

  • door

  • jaw

  • dot

  • jot

  • doused

  • joust

  • dread

  • dredge

  • dug

  • jug

  • dump

  • jump

  • dunk

  • junk

  • dust

  • just

  • ford

  • forge

  • gored

  • gorge

  • head

  • hedge

  • led

  • ledge

  • mid

  • midge

  • paid

  • page

  • pled

  • pledge

  • purred

  • purge

  • raid

  • rage

  • rid

  • ridge

  • seed

  • siege

  • sled

  • sledge

  • wed

  • wedge

  • weighed

  • wage

  • Great, guys.

  • Well, guys. Time now to practice with sentences containing our consonant sounds.

  • First sentence:

  • 'The gym is dim.'

  • Please repeat after me.

  • 'The gym is dim.'

  • Sentence number two:

  • 'Her jeep drove in deep mud.'

  • Please repeat after me.

  • 'Her jeep drove in deep mud.'

  • And finally:

  • 'It's just dust on the desk.'

  • Please repeat after me.

  • 'It's just dust on the desk.'

  • Excellent. Let's move on.

  • Let's now move on to listening practice.

  • I'm now going to show you two words.

  • I will say one of the two words,

  • and I want you to listen very carefully and to tell me if this word is, 'a)' or 'b)'

  • Let's get started.

  • Let's start with our first two words.

  • Which word do I say? 'a' or 'b'?

  • Listen.

  • 'dunk'

  • One more time.

  • 'dunk'

  • It's word 'a' of course, 'dunk'.

  • 'b' would be 'junk'.

  • What about this one?