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  • Hi everybody.

  • Welcome to England dot com.

  • I'm adam.

  • Today's lesson is a grammar lesson about everybody's favorite grammar point articles more specifically the definite article that now I'm joking about the favorite part thing.

  • I know what we're gonna look at is one part or one usage of the definite article.

  • There are so many different rules and so many different usages of the articles.

  • The or and or no article.

  • So I can't obviously look at everything.

  • I'm going to look at one very specific element or usage of the article.

  • I'm going to look at how to use or when to use or when not to use the article though with abstract now owns.

  • And then I'm also going to look at the same or similar situation with singular and plural noun that basically encompass or they include a whole collection of things.

  • And you'll understand a bit more when I get to that.

  • So we're gonna start with an abstract now.

  • Now, first of all, what does this mean?

  • What is an abstract noun?

  • So an abstract noun has a few different features.

  • Okay.

  • Different ways to recognize that it is abstract.

  • First of all it is intangible.

  • What does this mean?

  • It means that it is it cannot be sense.

  • They cannot.

  • You can't use the five senses to notice this thing.

  • You can't touch it, you can't see it, You can't smell it, you can't taste it.

  • Okay, so you can't use any of these uh senses, you can't hear it, but it's definitely still a real thing.

  • Okay.

  • Usually it's because this real thing is just an idea or a concept, basically it's in your mind, it's not a real thing physically or like you can't touch it, but it's in your mind, it's a real thing.

  • And generally it is unquantifiable means.

  • You can't measure it, you can't count it.

  • Okay, so some examples are love, happiness, society, technology and education.

  • Now, before you tell me what society is a real thing or technology is a real concrete thing.

  • It's not.

  • Society is a collection of people.

  • Okay.

  • The people are real.

  • Society is an idea.

  • Technology, you can talk about devices, you can talk about the internet, you can talk about smartphones, you can talk about computers, but technology is just all of these things together.

  • It's an idea that develops and evolves and changes education.

  • You can talk about schools, students and teachers, but education itself is a process.

  • It's an idea that we use to learn things and develop things.

  • Okay, so all of these are abstract.

  • Now.

  • Now, when you're using them in a sentence, are you going to put the in front of these or not?

  • Well, yes, that's your answer.

  • Some cases, Yes.

  • You will use the definite article.

  • In other cases.

  • You will not.

  • Okay, so when you're talking about these things in a general idea, you're just talking about Love as an idea as a concept.

  • You're not going to use the article.

  • If you're talking about love as a qualified thing, then you will use that.

  • Now, what do I mean by qualified?

  • If you make it very specific to a very specific person or very specific situation, then you're making it a single thing that belongs to that situation or that person.

  • Okay, let's look at an example.

  • The modern technology is changing the society now.

  • Is this sentence using that correctly or incorrectly?

  • The answer is that it is incorrectly.

  • You do not need the here modern technology.

  • I'm not talking about smartphones.

  • I'm not talking about computers.

  • I'm talking about everything that is part of technology.

  • It's just one general abstract idea.

  • So I'm not I'm not talking about anything specific within that.

  • Technology is changing the society.

  • Well, technically there are many different types of societies.

  • There's like asian society and Western society and Northern society in Southern society.

  • So all of these things are different aspects.

  • But when you're talking about society as an idea, you don't need the article modern technology is changing society.

  • Where when that you can get into into specifics in the following sentences.

  • Okay, let's look at another example.

  • Technology of the Future will change societies that embrace it.

  • Now, do I need any articles here?

  • Well, here we're talking about a specific technology Technology 100 years from now will be very different than technology today.

  • So then you can look at it as two different specific technologies.

  • So here I need the the technology of the future.

  • Now you'll notice that I'm using of as some is a way of qualifying the technology that I'm talking about specifically.

  • So this is one way of qualifying you can use of or you can use uh defining adjective clause.

  • The technology of the future will change societies that embrace it.

  • But as soon as you have an identifying adjective clause, then you need a definite article.

  • Because now I'm talking about very specific societies.

  • Only the ones that embrace it, then they're separately are the ones that don't embrace it.

  • So now that I have a specific group of societies, then I'm talking about a definite group and therefore I need the here general idea.

  • No article here specific and qualified.

  • Now abstract noun.

  • I do need the definite article.

  • Okay, now the same sort of the same sort of thinking, the same sort of rules applies to when we're talking about something in general.

  • We're talking about a whole group of this something.

  • So let me give you a couple more examples.

  • Okay, so now we're going to look at a different context for the same basic idea.

  • Lions are fierce animals.

  • The lion is a fierce animal.

  • Both of these sentences are correct.

  • If I talk about lions, I'm talking about all lions.

  • If I'm talking about the lion, I'm talking about this specific type of animal in this case, both worked because here I have a plural and I'm including all all of them.

  • Right?

  • The lion that we were talking about, like the genus, basically the family of animal.

  • I can say the dog is the most domesticated animals, for example, or dogs are the most domesticated in this case.

  • It's okay, because if I say the lion, I can picture all lines.

  • If I say the dog, I can picture all dogs, but I probably wouldn't say the dog when I'm talking about all dogs.

  • Let me give you an example why whales are the largest sea mammals.

  • Okay.

  • A mammal is like a type of animals, like humans are mammals as well.

  • So whales are, and I'm using, I'm talking about all whales.

  • Now here, I can say the whale is the largest.

  • What I'm talking about this particular type of animal.

  • Why would I not, Sorry, let me give you a little pointer technically this is correct, but I would not ever write the will because if you think about all the different wheels, what types of whales can you think of?

  • Do you know what a humpback whale or a blue whale is?

  • Do you know what an orca is?

  • Okay.

  • Orca is spelled like this.

  • If you want to look that up, if you want to look them up, look at a blue whale, look at an orca.

  • These two whales are completely different from each other.

  • The blue whale is huge.

  • It's like the biggest animal on the earth.

  • Orcas are big, but not that big.

  • Orcas eat meat or they eat other fish.

  • I should say they're hunters.

  • Blue whales eat plankton, like they're vegetarians, so they're very, very different animals, although technically both are whales.

  • So because there are such differences, I would just stick to whales without the article lions.

  • Generally there's not too many types.

  • There's a mountain lion, there's a regular safari lie like jungle line, but generally they're all the same.

  • And then I can talk about the lion as a general term, but this specific animal, whales because there's so many, I would just stick to the plural without the definite article.

  • Make it a little bit more abstract, even though I know what a whale is, because I know whales includes all of them.

  • It's more abstract because I'm not talking about any particular type of whale.

  • Okay, so I know articles are a little bit tricky, but again, it's all about practice and remember, the more you read, the more you'll see articles being used correctly and the more you'll start to have a feel for them to understand when to use them, when not to use them, etcetera.

  • But practice also in a little bit of an explanation always helps.

  • So go to invade dot com right now you can take a quiz to practice.

  • I'm going to give you a whole bunch of different sentences and see if you understand use the article or don't use the article for each one.

  • And of course don't forget you can ask me questions in the comments section.

  • I'll be happy to answer those for you.

  • In the meantime, if you like the video, please give me a like, don't forget to subscribe to my other channel.

  • Oh, I should mention one more thing, sorry.

  • Before I go, there are a few other very good videos about articles by other teachers on Ingrid.

  • Don't forget.

  • There's a search box on your envy dot com website punching the word the and you'll see all the other videos that are are available.

  • Study those as well.

  • Okay, Until then, Have a lovely day.

  • Bye bye.

Hi everybody.

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B1 article abstract technology talking definite society

The Definite Article: When to use “the” with abstract nouns in English

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/08/03
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