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  • Let's learn English with the news.

  • With the Olympics just around the corner, that means just about to happen, Sha'Carri

  • Richardson has made headlines for being banned in competing in her sport.

  • The Today's Show did a story about it.

  • Star sprinter Sha'Carri Richardson breaking her silence about competing in the summer

  • games.

  • If someone is breaking their silence, it means there's been headlines or news about them,

  • they haven't said anything yet and now they are.

  • You might hear this with a politician or a celebrity on a big news story about them personally

  • or about something that they did.

  • They may take a few days, think about it.

  • Think about what they want to say before they break the silence and make a public statement.

  • Star sprinter Sha'Carri Richardson breaking her silence about competing in the summer

  • games.

  • Tweeting: I'm sorry, I can't be y'all Olympic champ this year but I promise I'll

  • be your World Champ next year.

  • Champ, simply short for champion, here assuming she was going to win the race and she will

  • win the World Championship.

  • Tweeting: I'm sorry, I can't be y'all Olympic champ this year but I promise I'll

  • be your World Champ next year.

  • The 21-year old accepting a 1-month suspension after testing positive for Marijuana.

  • A suspension.

  • This is a noun and it means temporarily preventing something, someone from participating in their

  • sport for example, a school suspension is when a kid is disciplined for misbehavior

  • usually and is not allowed to go to school for one day, two days, three days for example,

  • that would be a suspension.

  • The 21-year old accepting a 1-month suspension after testing positive for Marijuana.

  • Marijuana.

  • The dried flowers and leaves of the Hemp plant.

  • There are so many different names for this substance.

  • Cannabis, Marijuana, weed, reefer, pot, grass, dope, hash, Mary Jane, Ganga.

  • I'm probably missing some so if you can think of another word for Marijuana put it

  • in the comments below.

  • The 21-year old accepting a 1-month suspension after testing positive for Marijuana.

  • She turned heads with her speed and style dominating in the 100-meter dash last month.

  • If you turn heads, this is an idiom that means you make people notice you.

  • So, she turn heads with her style.

  • Not just her speed but how she presented herself.

  • She turned heads with her speed and style dominating in the 100-meter dash last month.

  • If you're dominating something, this means you're the most important person in a particular

  • situation.

  • So she was dominating that event, she won that event.

  • She was the best.

  • She turned heads with her speed and style dominating in the 100-meter dash last month.

  • A victory now invalidated because of the drug violation.

  • If something becomes invalidated, that means it's been decided that it will not count.

  • So her victory there in the US trials which qualified her for the Olympic team has been

  • invalidated because of the drug test that she failed, her win is not allowed to count, it doesn't

  • go in the record books.

  • A victory now invalidated because of drug violation.

  • Down here on the screen they have the wordfallout”.

  • Fallout is adverse or negative effects or results from a situation.

  • So another way to think of this is new negative reactions in response to this woman being

  • banned from competing.

  • In an exclusive interview on Today, she said she used Marijuana to cope after learning

  • the death of her biological mother from a reporter.

  • Biological mother.

  • This is a term we use to define the woman who birthed, the woman who's DNA is in Sha'Carri

  • Richardson.

  • So, a biological mother and father maybe different than a mother or father who raised you if

  • you're adopted for example.

  • So in this case, it implies that Sha'Carri was not raised by her biological mother.

  • If we use the term biological mother, it implies that there was another mother figure who raised

  • her.

  • In an exclusive interview on Today, she said she used Marijuana to cope after learning

  • the death of her biological mother from a reporter.

  • Cope.

  • This is a verb and it means to deal with something difficult.

  • She was coping with this very difficult news.

  • And it was extra tough because she found out from a reporter.

  • In an exclusive interview on Today, she said she used Marijuana to cope after learning

  • the death of her biological mother from a reporter.

  • I know what I did.

  • I know what I'm supposed to do.

  • Uhm, I'm allowed not to do and I still made that decision but I'm not making an excuse.

  • So in this interview, she's taking responsibility, she says she's not making any excuses, she

  • understands she did something wrong and she has to deal with the consequences.

  • I feel for her.

  • What an awful situation.

  • Now some people will probably say why would you feel bad for her?

  • She broke the rules.

  • And I would say “I hear that.”

  • If you say you hear that in an argument or a conversation, it's saying you understand

  • or acknowledge somebody else's opinion so I hear that but still feel compassion for her.

  • Compassion is a noun.

  • It means concern or pity for someone who is dealing with a difficult situation or has

  • a hard life.

  • Someone who's suffering.

  • Another note about the phrase I hear that, it can also mean just to show agreement.

  • So it's not just acknowledging someone's opinion but it's like saying I agree with you.

  • For example, let's say there's a new bakery in town and everyone says they have the best

  • apple pie.

  • You go try it with a friend.

  • But you actually think your own apple pie recipe is better.

  • You could say “I like their pie but I still think mine is better.”

  • and your friend could say “I hear that.”

  • That means I agree with you.

  • Hundreds of thousands now signing an online petition to let Sha'Carri run.

  • A petition is a formal written request usually signed by lots of people that would be presented

  • to an official who maybe able to make a decision in a particular case.

  • So for example, petitioning the Olympic committee to let Sha'Carri run in the 100-meter dash.

  • Hundreds of thousands now signing an online petition to let Sha'Carri run.

  • Athletes, celebrities and public figures coming to her defense.

  • Coming to someone's defense.

  • This means to defend them, to stand up for someone, to voice publicly your support for

  • somebody.

  • Athletes, celebrities and public figures coming to her defense.

  • Actor Seth Rogen denouncing the suspension tweetingIf weed made you fast, I'd be Flojo.”

  • So there he is using weed.

  • One of the slang words for Marijuana.

  • Flojo was a woman who ran for the US Olympic team in the 80s and broke records, was extremely fast

  • Her full name is Florence Griffith Joyner and she also had a great sense of style.

  • Actor Seth Rogen denouncing the suspension tweetingIf weed made you fast, I'd

  • be Flojo.”

  • If you denounce something, you publicly declare that it is wrong, perhaps that it is evil

  • that it should not be.

  • He's denouncing the suspension, he's saying the suspension should not stand.

  • Actor Seth Rogen denouncing the suspension tweetingIf weed made you fast, I'd be Flojo.”

  • President Biden also weighed in over the weekend.

  • If someone weighs in, this means they give their opinion on something.

  • So he publicly commented what he thought about the situation.

  • President Biden also weighed in over the weekend.

  • The rules are the rules.

  • Whether they should remain at, that should remain the rule is a different issue.

  • The rules are the rules.

  • So he's saying we shouldn't change the rules retroactively, that means after the

  • fact in this case.

  • But maybe we need to look at the rules, maybe the rules themselves should be changed.

  • So he's saying the suspension shouldn't be changed in this situation because she did

  • break the rule.

  • But maybe the rule isn't a very good rule and we need to look at what are the rules

  • about what drugs would cause an athlete to fail a drug test.

  • The rules are the rules.

  • Whether they should remain at, that should remain the rule is a different issue.

  • I was really proud of it, the way she responded.

  • And the Olympics controversy doesn't end there.

  • Controversy.

  • Disagreement usually publicly over an issue.

  • And the Olympics controversy doesn't end there.

  • The international swimming federation received swift backlash banning swim caps designed

  • for natural black hair.

  • Backlash.

  • This is a strong, negative, adverse, public opinion based on something that happened.

  • It's similar to fallout but probably even stronger.

  • For example, let's say there was a new tax and stated a higher sales tax.

  • There could be such a backlash, such a public outcry, so many people saying they disagree

  • with it, it's a problem but they may change what they have done so a backlash, a strong,

  • large widespread negative reaction to a decision may cause the authorities to change that decision.

  • The international swimming federation received swift backlash banning swim caps designed

  • for natural black hair.

  • British brand, Soul Cap responding to the rejection writingHow do we achieve participation

  • and representation in the world of competition swimmers, if the governing body stops suitable

  • swimwear being available to those who are underrepresented?”

  • Representation.

  • People being underrepresented.

  • This refers to groups of people who are not typically in any given sphere.

  • So, in this example the sphere of competitive swimming.

  • Traditionally has not had many black participants.

  • And so we would say they are underrepresented.

  • When you take their proportion of the population, they're very much so underrepresented proportion-wise

  • when we talk about competitive professional swimmers.

  • How do we achieve participation and representation in the world of competition swimmers, if the

  • governing body stops suitable swimwear being available to those who are underrepresented?”

  • In this quote we have three words that end intion and the rule for stress is the

  • stress will come on the syllable just before that ending syllable.

  • So let's look for example, participation.

  • Partici-pa-tion.

  • Second to last syllable.