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• Hmm-hmm-hmm.

• Hey, E, I see you're measuring yourself for a new suit, and I notice you have the descriptive

• words to tell you what you want.

• Hi. James from engVid.

• A lot of times in English we use shapes to describe things.

• For most students, they have the classic shapes: Square, circle, and triangle; and I'm going

• to today teach you a few other shapes that we use, which are sometimes a combination

• of shapes that we can use to accurately describe real-world things.

• Okay?

• If you don't... if you don't know what I mean, give me a second; we're going to go to the

• board and you'll find out.

• Okay?

• All right, so, E, you're going to get yourself a new suit, and it seems you have a cylindrical

• Well, I guess it is kind of egg-shaped, isn't it?

• Okay, so let's look at the usual suspects: The square... sorry.

• The circle, the square, and the triangle.

• We talk about these shapes all the time.

• Many students say, you know: "Teacher, it's like a square; it's like a circle", they don't

• even use this one.

• Sometimes we say this: "Round".

• We use "round" to describe something that's circular.

• Oops, I just told you one of the words you're going to learn, but you'll see what I mean.

• And these are pretty good for describing the world, but the world we live in aren't nice,

• complete shapes.

• In fact, sometimes they're mixed, so I'm going to try to give you as much as I can.

• And you see me looking around for objects I might be able to find in the real world

• that you use every day that you can actually start going: "Wow, I can use my English and

• it's actually... these strange words have real meaning."

• So, let's look at the first one: A "cone".

• Sorry, it's a circle with a triangle.

• I did it again.

• So, when you look here, you put these two together-okay?-and they form this weird kind

• of, I don't know... you might say... sometimes you've seen in the old movies when they would

• have, like, a megaphone: "Helllloo?"

• Okay?

• That's a cone-shaped.

• When I was born, I had a cone shape.

• They pulled me out, and my head was kind of like that.

• It's embarrassing, but true.

• Anyway, so, a cone.

• I don't have anything for a cone, unfortunately.

• But I know something all of you enjoy in the summertime.

• Just take this, make it upside down.

• And when you go for ice cream, you will say: "Can I have a blueberry ice cream, please?

• And I want it on a cone", and they will give you a cone.

• There, ice cream cone.

• Didn't think I could do it, but there you go: Ice cream cone - that's the first one.

• And, really, it is a circle with a triangle mixed together.

• All right?

• So let's look at the next one: "Semi-circle".

• Well, if I'm from Jamaica, man, you know what I mean, because it's a patty.

• A "patty" is a food in Jamaica, but a "semi-circle" is half a circle.

• But I have a better one for you for that.

• A lot of times when you have... because I do teach kids when I'm not here, and I want

• them to sit down, I ask them to sit down in a semi-circle or a semi-circle, okay?

• And it means they sit in a half-a-circle formation, so I can stand here and talk and then they

• sit around me.

• Right?

• Because I don't want them behind me in a circular formation.

• Another word for saying "semi-circle" is... to describe this, you would say: "semi-circular".

• Semi-circular, that means half a circle.

• So, a semi-circle is what it is, but it's a semi-circular shape; half of a circle.

• Cool?

• All right.

• Want to go for the next one?

• The next one I have something for you: A "cylinder".

• Now, what is a "cylinder"?

• Do you remember I told you?

• In some cases what we have is things are mixed together in reality because you cannot get

• just a square, and a triangular, or a circle shape.

• A cylinder is: Take a square and pull it out, and then make it round, and you have a cylinder.

• And I'm sure you're saying: "Okay, what are you talking about?

• I don't understand."

• This is a cylinder.

• The marker is long and round.

• And if that's not good enough for you, your bottles of water are cylinders.

• We cut them off at the ends, but it's a cylinder.

• And for those of you, like my French friends, you'll know a cylinder that makes you very

• happy.

• Yeah?

• Yes.

• Yeah?

• Makes me happy, too.

• So, the cylinder part is here.

• You might even say this is a bit of a cone here, so we've got the two shapes together;

• but really we're looking at the cylinder - it's round.

• And that's why I said in many real-world objects we talk about, you would say: "But I wouldn't

• say it's a cylinder."

• And you're right, because you're going: "James, that's not really a cylinder."

• I go: "It's not, but it is... it is cylindrical, like a cylinder."

• You'll notice when we have the cylindrical and you go circular, they're descriptive,

• so I'm giving you what it is - the shape.

• But how would I use this in real life?

• I wouldn't say: "This is a cylinder."

• Because if someone told me this is a cylinder, I'd say they're wrong.

• If they told me it's cylindrical, I'd go: "Yeah, it's round, it's long.

• It's a square that's been pulled, and it's got circles; it's cylindrical."

• Same with a marker - it's cylindrical.

• Cool, right?

• And now you sound very intelligent.

• "Can you pass me that cylindrical wine bottle, not the square one?

• No, no, no.

• I don't want boxed wine; I want a bottle of wine.

• Thank you."

• Okay?

• Cool.

• So that's "cylindrical".

• Now let's look at the other one.

• "Egg shape".

• You've seen this in life, and I don't have one, but you know what one is.

• But what do we call it?

• You can't...

• well, you can say everything is egg shape, but that's so unsophisticated and I know you've

• been one of our viewers for a while, so you want the... the good vocabulary.

• Well, we would say this: "Oval".

• And I've met many people who actually have oval heads.

• Well, some people have oval heads, so the base is bigger than the top.

• Right?

• It's actually quite a pretty shape.

• There's also "heart-shaped", and I'll give you that one.

• And when they say: "Heart-shaped", it's like this, like a heart.

• Okay.

• Some people have heart-shaped heads.

• They don't have two bumps, but you can say: "Heart-shaped" or "Oval-shaped", and this

• can be descriptive for somebody's face.

• Okay?

• All right, so we're there.

• Let's move on to the next one: "Sphere".

• Well, a "sphere" is a round... round thing, like a full circle that's three-dimensional,

• okay?

• And you're probably thinking: "Besides the planet Earth, where is James going to get

• a sphere for me to see?"

• Dun-dun-dun-dun-dun-dun-dunh.

• A sphere.

• Three-dimensionals.

• There's a circle, and a circle, and a circle goes in three dimensions.

• Our planet is "spherical".

• Notice I stopped saying the word "sphere" and I changed that word for "sphere" or "spherical"?

• Because that's what it is.

• To describe something, you say: "It's spherical."

• Sorry.

• There we go.

• Spherical, meaning three-dimensional, round ball.

• We could also use a simple word: "Round".

• Right?

• It's round, which doesn't mean just circle; it means it has to have some kind of volume

• around it so you can see height, length, and depth.

• Helps me... reminds me of my old math days, except now it makes sense to me.

• [Laughs]

• Okay, so we've got the long, round shape of the cylinder; we've got the round shape of

• the sphere; we've got the egg shape or the oval; we've got the circle with the triangle

• for the cone or remember my head-okay?-we've got the semi-circle and remember the kids

• are sitting around it for half a circle.

• So, these are all circular things.

• What about the other ones?

• Well, let's just step over here-right-and let's talk about things that have more of

• a square shape to it.

• Well: "Rectangle".

• You know what a rectangle is, right?

• This isn't just a rectangle; we'd say: "It's rectangular", because once again, the rectangle

• is here.

• But that doesn't describe this; it looks like a rectangle.

• "Rectangular" we can talk about three dimensions.

• It's a rectangular shape.

• And we've added what we call a dimension or another side to it.

• See that?

• So, I put rectangle.

• Let's me step over here so you can read it, and we're going to put... sorry, I'm having

• a hard time writing over on that side.

• "Rectangular".

• So, it's an object that has two sides that are longer than the other two sides, but in

• this case we're being rectangular, it also has other dimensions.

• Cool?

• All right.

• Now we're getting somewhere.

• Now: "Cube".

• A "cube" is a three-dimensional box, so we see a box and a cube.

• I wasn't able to get anything for cube.

• I'm sorry.

• I have Oxo cubes at home, but that doesn't quite count and you don't know what I'm talking

• But a cube is three-dimensional.

• But we don't usually say: "It's a cube."

• We might say: "It's"...

• I know that's terribly scientific: "Something is cube-like".

• Terribly, terribly scientific, but I'm sorry, that's how we say it because we're simple

• and we'll go: "It's not a cube; it's cube-like" meaning it's like a square or a box that's

• three-dimensional.

• But sometimes when we say something is... doesn't really have a really good... oh, you

• know, I could do this: This is cube-like.

• See?

• But it's missing a side, but it's still cube-like.

• Right?

• See?

• Cube; cube-like.

• But we could also say something is "boxy".

• What?

• Well, if you ask... if I asked my friend, if I go: "Mr. E, can you get that thing that's...?

• That boxy thing over there?" he'd give me this.

• And you go: "Why?"

• It's because it looks like a box, it's a box, and a box happens to be usually cube-like

• or a cube.

• Sometimes we talk about cars are boxy or a sweater is boxy, so it has that kind of big

• volume to it that's not really defined.

• There we go.

• And my last one, but not least, you're going to go: "What the flipping heck is that?"

• Well, this is when we combine kind of a circle with kind of a square, we make it rectangle,

• we elongate it, then we kind of put round edges on it.

• And I'm sure you guys are going to go: "Okay, what is that?"

• And I'll say: "Cigar shape" or "Hotdog shape", but I've got one better for you.

• 90% of you guys have this... one of these in your pocket.

• I'm going to say it's "oblong".

• And you look, here: "oblong" as in long, and "ob", I don't know what "ob" means.

• We might say optical, around; I'm making it up, so don't go: "Mr. E and James said oblong

• is optical and long.

• It's an eyeball."

• No.

• It's a freaking cell phone.

• Cell phones are long and they have rounded edges; they're oblong.

• You could say rectangular, but this isn't rectangle; it's rounded.

• So, a lot of you guys have cell phones and they're actually oblongs.

• So, it's oblong shape.

• Yes, you have square ones; and some people do have really fat, square ones; and some

• people have similar ones.

• I also have something else that's oblong, here.

• What did I pick up that was oblong that I put down?

• This is another form of oblong.

• See?

• It's kind of got the rectangle, it's got the rounded edges.

• This is a little funny on the end, but you get the point.

• It's not just a rectangle; it has to have rounded edges.

• So, these things are oblong, and these are everyday items

• you use.

• Okay, so these are items that you use all the time, and I've just showed you, like,

• these weird words that probably people would say you don't use.

• We do use them to describe things that we live with all the time, and now you will be

• able to.

• But, of course, learning something, and knowing something, and understanding something are

• usually two different things.

• So, you know what we have to do.

• We're going to do our quiz, so I'm going to give you a second or two and click my magic

• fingers, and you know what happens next: We take off and we go and do the other board.