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  • Hello, I'm John Russell.

  • Let's continue exploring the Continent sounds of American English.

  • In previous videos, I talked about how continent sounds involves some kind of obstruction of the Airstream.

  • Today, let's talk about continent sounds that are made with the blade of the tongue and the hard palate.

  • The hard palate is the part of your mouth that is behind your teeth, perhaps 1 to 2 centimeters back.

  • Speakers of American English produce four different sounds in this area of the mouth.

  • Those sounds are mhm.

  • Yeah, as in sheep.

  • Or wish as in genre, which, as in church or chicken and just as in justice or judge, note that the sound, as in genre rarely begins a word in American English.

  • In general, words that have this sound at the beginning are of foreign origin, such as genre or Zhaan or Jacques to practice making the as in sheep or wish sound.

  • You can start with an S sound as in say, then move your tongue back and up.

  • To make the sound as in shape se shape, you will know you are making the sound correctly when you feel the air cooling off the top of your tongue and the part of your mouth that is just behind your teeth.

  • Note that my lips are round for all of these sounds.

  • Hmm.

  • Sure the obstruction is inside the mouth, Not outside at the lips.

  • That's all for today.

  • Keep up the good work.

Hello, I'm John Russell.

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