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  • Hi, everyone.

  • In this video, I will introduce the past simple English tense.

  • This grammar tense can help you explain a past general state, action, or habit.

  • There's a lot to learn and it's a very important tense, so keep watching.

  • In this video, I will talk about the 'be' verb

  • in the past simple tense.

  • The 'be' verb in the past simple tense can be used to describe a past general state.

  • We use the 'be' verbs, 'was' and 'were' in this tense.

  • Take a look at the examples.

  • 'I was scared.'

  • 'James', or he 'was a teacher.'

  • 'She was sad.'

  • 'My dog was hungry.'

  • 'My dog' can be 'it'.

  • So for 'I', 'he', 'she', 'it', we use the past tense 'be' verb, 'was'.

  • However, for 'you', 'we' and 'they', we use 'were'.

  • 'You were a good student.'

  • 'Your parents, or they were at the park.' and 'We were at home for two hours.'

  • In this last sentence, you see that the duration is emphasized.

  • Great job.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now I will talk about regular verbs in the past simple tense.

  • Take a look at these examples.

  • 'Liam played a game.'

  • Liam is a 'he',

  • but really it doesn't matter for regular verbs in the past simple tense.

  • Because no matter what the subject is, all we have to do is add 'd' or 'ed'

  • to the end of the verb.

  • Here the verb is 'play', so I added '-ed'.

  • 'Liam played a game.'

  • 'The car, or it needed gas.'

  • The verb here is 'need'.

  • For the past simple tense, I added '-ed'.

  • 'We watched a movie.'

  • Again, an 'ed' at the of 'watch'.

  • 'You exercised for an hour.'

  • In this case, the verb is 'exercise'.

  • I only need to add a 'd' to make it the past tense.

  • And finally, 'They usually worked after school.'

  • The verb is 'work'.

  • And I added an 'ed' to make it in the past tense.

  • The word 'usually' shows that this was a habit.

  • Remember, the past simple tense can be used to show past habits.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now, I'll talk about irregular verbs in the past simple tense.

  • Remember, for regular verbs, we only add 'd' or 'ed' to make a verb into the past tense.

  • However, for irregular verbs, we have to change the verb in a different way.

  • Let's take a look at some examples.

  • 'I ate with my friend.'

  • The verb here is 'ate'.

  • 'ate' is the past simple tense of 'eat'.

  • The next example says, 'Nara wrote a story.'

  • The verb is 'write'.

  • And because it's irregular to change it into the past tense, we change the verb to 'wrote'.

  • 'You often came home late.'

  • The verb here is 'come' and it's been changed to 'came'.

  • You'll notice that we had the word 'often' to show a habit.

  • 'We bought a camera.'

  • The verb here is 'buy' and it's been changed to 'bought' to show the past simple tense.

  • And finally, 'My parents sent me money for a year.'

  • Here the verb 'sent' is the past tense of 'send'.

  • Here we also see 'for a year', this shows duration.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now I will talk about the negative form for the 'be' verb in the past simple tense.

  • Here are some examples.

  • The first one says, 'I was not hungry.'

  • For the past simple tense, the negative 'be' verb

  • I f the subject is 'I', 'he', 'she' or 'it', we say 'was not'.

  • For example, 'I was not' or 'she was not' or the contraction 'wasn't'.

  • 'I wasn't'.

  • 'She wasn't'.

  • So let's look again, 'I was not hungry.'

  • 'She wasn't home today.'

  • Now, if the subject is 'you', 'we' or 'they',

  • We say 'were not' or the contraction 'weren't'.

  • 'The children, or they were not quiet.'

  • 'The children were not quiet.'

  • And then, 'The dog', or it was not, or 'wasn't playful.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Now, let's talk about how to form the negative in the past simple tense for non-'be' verbs,

  • regular or irregular.

  • Here are some examples.

  • 'I did not like him.'

  • What we do for non-'be' verbs is simply put 'did not' after the subject.

  • And you'll notice that for the verb, we don't make any changes.

  • We keep the base verb.

  • 'He didn't catch the ball.'

  • Again, it's 'he did not', but here we used a contraction,

  • 'He didn't catch the ball.'

  • 'They didn't dance.'

  • Again, here's the contraction for 'did not'.

  • And you'll notice that for the verb, we didn't change it at all.

  • Here's an irregular verb, and here's a regular verb, we keep them in the base form.

  • And finally, 'We didn't think about that.'

  • Again, we simply say 'did not' or 'didn't'.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now I will introduce two ways to form questions for the past simple tense.

  • Take a look at the first example.

  • 'He was angry.'

  • In this first sentence, we see the 'be' verb 'was'.

  • It's quite easy.

  • All you have to do to turn this into a question is switch the order the first two words.

  • 'Was he angry?'

  • You can answer by saying 'Yes, he was.' or 'No, he wasn't.'

  • The next sentence also has a 'be' verb.

  • 'They were comfortable.'

  • So again, switch the first two words.

  • 'Were they comfortable?'

  • The answers can be, 'Yes, they were.'

  • or 'No, they weren't.'

  • However, look at the third sentence.

  • 'Sam lived here.'

  • There is no 'be' verb in this sentence.

  • Instead, we see the action verb 'lived'.

  • So what we do is no matter what the subject,

  • we start the question with 'did'.

  • 'Did Sam live here?'

  • You'll notice that the verb no longer is in the past tense.

  • We use the base form of the verb.

  • 'Did Sam live here?'

  • You can say 'Yes, he did.'

  • or 'No, he didn't.'

  • The last sentence is similar.

  • 'They won the contest last year.'

  • The verb here is 'won', that's not a 'be' verb.

  • So again, we start the question with 'did' .

  • And then the subject 'they', we use the base form of the verb and that's 'win'.

  • 'Did they win the contest last year?'

  • You can say, 'Yes, they did.'

  • or 'No, they didn't.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Now I'll introduce how to create an answer WH questions in the past simple tense.

  • Take a look at the board.

  • We have some WH words here.

  • 'What' 'When'

  • 'Where' and 'Why'

  • You'll notice that after each WH word comes the word 'did'.

  • 'What did' 'When did'

  • 'Where did' and 'Why did'.

  • What comes after that the subject and then the base form of the verb.

  • So, let's take a look.

  • 'What did you do last night?'

  • 'What did you do last night?'

  • I can answer by saying something like, 'I watched a movie.'

  • Or 'I read a book.'

  • You'll notice that the answer is in the past simple tense.

  • 'When did you get home last night?'

  • 'I got home at 10 p.m.'

  • 'Where did they eat lunch?'

  • 'They ate lunch at home.'

  • Again, 'ate' is the past tense of 'eat'.

  • Answer in the past simple tense.

  • And finally, 'Why did the company hire him?'

  • 'The company hired him because he's a hard worker.'

  • Let's move on.

  • In this first checkup, we'll take a look at

  • practice questions using the 'be' verb in the past simple tense.

  • Remember the 'be' verbs in the past simple tense are 'was' or 'were'.

  • Let's take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'He __ at work earlier.'

  • The subject here is 'we'.

  • So do we use 'was' or 'were'?

  • The correct answer is 'was'.

  • 'He was at work earlier.'

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'We _____ very happy yesterday.'

  • If the subject is 'we', remember the be verb is 'were'.

  • 'We were very happy yesterday.'

  • Next, 'My parents or they __ worried about me.'

  • If it's 'they', remember we have to say 'were'.

  • 'My parents were worried about me.'

  • If I want to use the negative, I can also say 'My parents weren't worried about me.'

  • And that's possible.

  • Now I want you to find the mistake in the next sentence.

  • 'We wasn't good students.'

  • We wasn't good students.

  • Can you figure out what's wrong?

  • The subject here is 'we', so we don't say 'was not'.

  • We need to say 'were not' or the contraction 'weren't'.

  • 'We weren't good students,' is the correct answer.

  • The next one says, 'Were she a teacher?'

  • Now, this is a question so the be verb comes at the beginning.

  • That's correct, but the subject here is 'she'.

  • Therefore, we need to start with 'was'.

  • 'Was she a teacher?'

  • And finally,

  • 'They wasn't at school.'

  • The subject is 'they', so the answer is

  • 'They weren't at school.'

  • You can use the contraction 'weren't' or 'were not'.

  • Let's move on to the next checkup.

  • Now, let's practice regular verbs in the past simple tense.

  • Take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'He ____ at home.'

  • The verb is 'study'.

  • Remember, when changing a regular verb into

  • the past tense, we add 'd' or 'ed' to the end of the

  • verb.

  • However, there's a separate rule for words that end in 'y'.

  • Such as, 'study'.

  • We drop the 'y' and we add 'ied'.

  • So the correct answer is,

  • 'He studied at home.'

  • The next sentence says, 'We __ pencils.'

  • We want to use negative because it says 'not use'.

  • Remember for the negative, we always use 'did not', no matter what the subject.

  • You can also use the contraction 'didn't'.

  • Now, what do we do to the verb?

  • We keep it as 'is'.

  • We do not change it.

  • 'We didn't' or 'We did not' use pencils.

  • The next sentence says, 'His friends or they walk to the gym.'

  • What's the past tense of 'walk'?

  • We simply have to add 'ed' because it's a regular verb.

  • 'His friends walked to the gym.'

  • Now, find a mistake in the next sentence.

  • 'She didn't likes math.'

  • 'didn't' is correct.

  • However, remember we keep the verb as 'is' in the base form.

  • So we don't say 'likes'.

  • We say 'like'.

  • 'She didn't like math.'

  • The next sentence says, 'Did it rained this morning?'

  • Now this is a question.

  • In a question, it's right to start the sentence with 'Did'.

  • 'Did it rained?'

  • Do you notice the mistake?

  • Remember, we do not use the past tense form in the question.

  • We use the base form of the verb.

  • 'Did it rain this morning?'

  • And finally, 'They not play the piano.'

  • The verb is an action verb.

  • So we need a 'did' in front of 'not'.

  • 'They did not play the piano.'

  • Let's move on to the next checkup.

  • Now, I'll talk about irregular verbs in the past simple tense.

  • Take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'He __ to school.'

  • And the verb is 'run'.

  • 'run' is an irregular verb, so the past tense form is 'ran'.

  • 'He ran to school.'

  • The next sentence says, 'We __ flowers.'

  • We want to use the negative because here it says 'not grow'.

  • Remember, no matter what the subject in the negative form,

  • we say 'did not'

  • or 'didn't'.

  • Then we keep the verb in its base form.

  • 'We did not grow' or 'We didn't grow flowers.'

  • The next sentence says, 'Where __ you teach last year?'

  • This is a question.

  • Again, all we need to put is 'did'.

  • 'Where did you teach last year?'

  • It doesn't matter what the subject is.

  • We always go with 'did'.

  • Next, try to find the mistake in the next sentence.

  • 'He didn't sold newspapers.'