Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Though different types of bread require different ingredients and ratios, flour or meal and water are always the main ingredients. With over 20 types of bread on our list, from flatbread to cornbread, let's take a look at bread from places all around the world. For those with a gluten intolerance, injera is a great option because, traditionally, it uses teff flour. The spongy flatbread is multipurpose, used as a utensil, a plate, and a nutritious accompaniment to your food. Paired with doro wat, injera is the national dish of Ethiopia. Though the ingredients for a baguette are simple, what truly makes a baguette special are the hands that prepare it and the time it takes. Once the dough is rolled and scored with a sharp blade or knife, it's baked. The important part of a baguette is the crunchy exterior, but fluffy interior. Though pan Cubano shares many similarities to French bread or Italian bread, a key difference, and what makes pan Cubano pan Cubano, is lard. Lard gives pan Cubano its smoothness, taking the Cubano sandwich to the next level. Each region of Georgia has different shapes of khachapuri and uses different types of cheese. The one featured here is called adjaruli khachapuri. It's a boat-shaped bread with melted cheese, traditionally feta, in the center, and topped with a raw egg. Widely popular in many Middle Eastern countries, lavash is a thin flatbread baked in a clay oven, or tonir. In 2014, it was added to the UNESCO list of Intangible Cultural Heritage as an expression of Armenian culture. Cream-cheese-filled garlic bread is a popular street food in South Korea. Soft buns are cut open and filled with cream cheese, then dipped into a melted butter-garlic mixture that includes basil, parsley, and Parmesan cheese. There are many popular bagel origin stories. However, according to Maria Balinska, author of "The Bagel: The Surprising History of a Modest Bread," bagels were brought to Poland from Germany and were originally called obwarzanek. They were popularized by Queen Jadwiga of Poland and later brought to countries like the US, where they were praised as one of the best ways to enjoy breakfast. Simit has many similarities to a bagel. However, instead of being boiled in water, simit is dipped in sweetened water and coated in sesame seeds before it's baked. The result is an encrusted circular bread snack, quintessential of Turkish culture and cuisine. Not to be confused with English muffins, crumpets are softer, closer to the texture of a pancake rather than bread. This is because the flour-to-liquid ratio is skewed more towards liquid, creating a looser batter. Once placed on a griddle, the batter forms a smooth, crunchy bottom and a spongy top. Perfect for butter. Pandebono is Colombian cheese bread. Because it's made with tapioca or yucca flour and cornmeal, it's gluten-free. Mixed with milk, queso fresco, and eggs, pandebono can be ball- or doughnut-shaped, and it's best served warm. Pão de queijo is delicious cheese bread that will melt in your mouth. Ingredients include tapioca flour, milk, eggs, and queijo de Minas, sometimes substituted with Parmesan cheese. The Brazilian snack is soft and airy, so you're likely to have more than just one. Parotta is layered flatbread made from maida flour, which is similar to cake flour in the US. One of the most popular types of parotta in South India is coin parotta. The dough is stretched out as thin as possible to create multiple layers, gathered together, and then fried. Essential ingredients in soda bread are flour, buttermilk, baking soda and powder, and salt. Recent twists add sugar and raisins. The dense bread was actually first created by Native Americans and later adopted by the Irish in a time of serious financial hardship throughout the country. Soda bread went on to become a culinary staple in Ireland. Though the recipe for challah is simple, it's the braiding techniques that truly separate it from other types of bread. Challah is important in Jewish traditions. It's typically eaten on Shabbat, or Sabbath, Judaism's day of rest, and other ceremonial occasions and Jewish holidays, excluding Passover. Conchas are one of the most popular traditional sweet breads in Mexican cuisine. The surface of conchas resembles a seashell, making it not only easy to recognize, but extremely popular in the age of social media. Kare pan, or curry bread, is deep-fried dough filled with Japanese curry. The dough does include yeast, so it's meant to rise before deep-frying. Kare pan normally incorporates curried ground beef and onions in the middle. It's the perfect comfort food. Naan is delicious, from the texture to the flavors. A key ingredient to the unique texture is yogurt. Naan is made in a clay oven called a tandoor. The dough adheres to the sides, where it's cooked rapidly at high temperatures. Tiger bread gets its name from its resemblance to a tiger. After the dough is made, a rice flour mixture is used to coat the topping of the bread before it goes into the oven. The reason rice flour is used for the top is because it does not contain gluten. So instead of expanding with the bread, it'll crack apart, creating the unique design the bread is known for. Proja is cornbread. The dense, cake-like bread is very popular in the Balkan region and shares many similarities with American cornbread, popular in Native American and African American homes. Proja can be garnished or filled with feta, goat, or cottage cheese. Standing at a whopping two or sometimes three feet, sangak is a mild sourdough flatbread made with sesame seeds. This national bread got its name from the stones and pebbles the bread is baked on. Those stones also give it its unique shape. Limpa, a Swedish word meaning loaf, has slightly changed with each generation. A popular recipe for Swedish limpa bread incorporates fennel or anise seeds, a sweetener, and orange zest. However, a traditional recipe uses brewer's wort. Croissants may be considered French, but they're actually an adaptation of Austria's kipferl. The first verified evidence of a croissant in France was at the shop of a Viennese baker, August Zang. He brought kipferl to France and made it with flakier dough. People began referring to them as croissants because of their crescent shape. And French bakers went on to imitate and popularize the bread pastry. Malawach is a traditional flatbread with flaky layers on the inside popular in Yemeni Jewish cuisine. It can be served with many different toppings and can be eaten throughout the day, though, traditionally, it's served for breakfast, topped with chopped hard-boiled eggs and tomatoes and a spicy condiment called zhug. Focaccia has to be one of the most beloved breads in Italy. The flatbread's key ingredients are flour, water, yeast, and olive oil. It's enjoyed any time of the day as a savory or sweet snack. The taste and thickness of focaccia varies throughout Italy. Most people add butter to their bread after it's done baking, but butter flap incorporates the butter before the bread goes into the oven. Each layer gets a spread of softened butter.