Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Hello, guys. And welcome to this English course on adjectives. In today's video, I'm going to tell you everything there is to know about adjectives. And what they are exactly. The best way to describe an adjective in English is to say that it's a word that describes or clarifies a noun. It gives you information on people, things, ideas, nouns, or pronouns. It is very important to understand what adjectives are and to know how to use them. Because they are essential when you speak English. Let's get started. Adjectives give us so much information about nouns. Let's, for example, take a common noun, 'cup'. And see how many ways there are in English to describe a cup using different kinds of adjectives. Let's see. We can say, “It's a great cup.” Just give your opinion. “It's a big cup.” Talking about the size of the cup. If you want to talk about the shape of the cup you could say, “It's a round cup.” “It's an old cup.” If you want to talk about age. Or if you want to say what color it is, “It's a white cup.” Or talking about temperature, “It's a cold cup.” “It's a broken cup.” If you make observations. “It's a Korean cup.” Talking about origins. Or you can mention the material. “It's a plastic cup.” Or “It's a coffee cup.” Talking about the purpose of the cup. Now 'coffee' as you know is a noun. But in this case, it can be used as an adjective. All these adjectives are places before the noun. Let's learn more about adjectives. Adjectives can found before the noun. It's called the attribute position. Or after the noun. Which is called the predicative position. And it's just as common. Adjectives which are found after a verb, describe the subject of this verb. Usually a noun or a pronoun. So if we take the sentence, “The girl is nice.” The adjective, 'nice', refers to the subject of the sentence, 'the girl'. But it is placed after the verb 'to be'. “My students are happy.” Same thing. The adjective, 'happy', describes the subject of the sentence, 'my students'. But it is placed after the verb. I hope you understand guys. Let's move on to practice now. Let's now practice finding adjectives in a few sentences. “I'm a tall woman.” Can you see the adjective in this sentence? I hope you can. The adjective is 'tall'. It gives you the height of the woman. “I'm a British woman.” Now where is the adjective? The adjective is 'British'. Gives you the origins of this woman. “I have blonde hair.” Now what's the adjective in this sentence? Of course guys, it is 'blonde'. It gives you the color of the hair. “My eyes are blue.” Now that's a different sentence. Can you spot the adjective? The adjective is 'blue. What's blue? My eyes. 'My eyes' is the subject of the sentence and the adjective is 'blue'. “I'm nice.” Again, can you spot the adjective? It's 'nice'. Okay? And finally, “The weather is cold.” What's the adjective? Where is it? Can you see it? The adjective is 'cold'. What's cold? The weather. 'The weather' is the subject and the adjective is 'cold'. Now in the first three sentences, it's the attribute position. Remember? The adjective comes before the noun. And in the last three sentences, it's the predicative position. Remember? The adjective comes after the noun. And in this case, after the verb 'to be'. I hope you understand this. Good job. Okay, guys. Let's go through the sentences again. This time focusing on pronunciation. It's very important that you repeat the sentences after me to practice saying these adjectives in a sentence. Okay, let's get started. “I'm a tall woman.” Can you repeat after me? Twice. First, “I'm a tall woman.” “I'm a tall woman.” Very good. Moving on. “I'm a British woman.” Repeat after me. “I'm a British woman.” “I'm a British woman.” Good. Third sentence “I have blonde hair.” So repeat after me please. “I have blonde hair.” “I have blonde hair.” Very good. “My eyes are blue.” Repeat after me. “My eyes are blue.” “My eyes are blue.” Next one. “I'm nice.” Repeat after me. “I'm nice.” “I'm nice.” Good job. And finally, “The weather is cold.” Please repeat. “The weather is cold.” “The weather is cold.” Excellent job, guys. Ok, guys. Thank you for watching this video. I hope you now understand what adjectives are and how to use them in English. Please be sure to watch my next video as I continue talking about adjectives. Thank you guys for watching my video. If you like it, please show us your support. Click on 'like', subscribe to out channel, comment below, and share the video. Thank you. See you. Hello, guys. Welcome to this English course on adjectives. In today's video, I'm going to talk about prefixes and suffixes that are commonly added to adjectives in English. A prefix is a few letters added to a beginning of a word to change the meaning of that word. And a suffix is a few letters added to the end of the word to change the meaning. We'll get more into detail. Let's get started. Let's take a look at a few adjectives with prefixes. Again a 'prefix' is a few letters added to the beginning of the adjective. Mostly to make it negative. Let's take a look at a few examples. First we have the prefix 'un'. U, n. For example, if we take the word, 'fair', and want to make it negative, we can add u – n to have the word 'unfair' which is the opposite of fair. Same goes for 'happy'. 'unhappy' 'sure' become 'unsure'. Another prefix is i –n , 'in'. To make the adjective negative, again, For example, 'active' – 'inactive'. 'appropriate' 'inappropriate' 'complete' 'incomplete' The prefix i –r now, 'ir'. For example, 'responsible' 'irresponsible' 'regular' 'irregular' 'rational' 'irrational' Then we have the prefix i –m, 'im'. For example, 'balance' 'imbalance' 'polite' 'impolite' 'possible' 'impossible' And finally, the prefix, 'il'. I – l. Like, 'legal' 'illegal' 'literate' 'illiterate' 'logical' 'illogical' These are just a few examples, guys. There are so many other prefixes in English. But I hope you now have a better understanding. Let's move on. Let's now talk about suffixes. In English, you can add a few letters to a noun or a verb to make it into an adjective. Not necessarily a negative adjective. It's not like prefixes. There are so many suffixes in English, but here is a list of very common ones. We can find a suffix 'able'. Like, 'adorable'. 'comfortable' Also the suffix 'en', e – n. Like, 'broken'. 'golden' 'ese' Like, 'Chinese'. 'Japanese' 'ful' Like, 'wonderful'. 'powerful' 'ative' Like, 'informative'. 'talkative' 'ous' 'dangerous' 'enormous' Or 'some'. Like, 'awesome'. 'handsome' Again, these are just a few examples. There are so many suffixes. But I hope you now have a good idea of how to use suffixes in English. Let's now move on to practice. Okay, guys. Let's practice finding adjectives in the following sentences. And prefixes or suffixes. Let's have a look. “I have an uncomfortable seat.” Now, can you spot the adjective, first? Of course, the adjective here is 'uncomfortable'. Can you see any prefix or suffix? I do. There is a prefix, which is 'un'. And there is a suffix as well. The suffix, 'able'. Okay, so look at how we transformed the word. The first word was 'comfort' in English. First, we added a suffix to make it into an adjective, which is 'comfortable'. And then we added a prefix, 'un', to make it negative. So the seat is not comfortable, it is uncomfortable. That's how prefixes and suffixes can be used in English. The second sentence, “She has a black car.” Can you spot the adjective, first. Of course, it's the adjective 'black'. Is there a suffix or a prefix? No, there isn't. Next sentence. “His father was unhelpful.” What's the adjective? 'unhelpful' Of course. Any prefix, suffix? Yes, there is a prefix. Again, which is 'un'. To make the adjective negative. And there is a suffix, 'ful'. To make the noun 'help' into an adjective. 'unhelpful' Next sentence. “The actor is handsome.” The adjective, of course, is 'handsome'. Is there a prefix? No, there isn't. Is there a suffix? Of course, 'some'. 'handsome' “I hate oily food.” The adjective is 'oily'. Of course. Is there a prefix? There isn't. Is there a suffix? Of course. The 'y' is a suffix. You have the word, the noun, 'oil'. And to make it into an adjective you add the suffix 'y'. And finally, “She is a dishonest woman.” The adjective is 'dishonest', of course. Do you have a prefix? We do. Yes. We have the prefix, 'dis'. It shows this woman is not honest, she is dishonest. Okay, so that's how with prefixes and suffixes we can really transform words in English. It's wonderful isn't it? There are thousands of prefixes and suffixes. Again, these are just a few examples. But I hope you now understand how it works in English and how you can really transform and play with the different words and kinds of words. Okay, guys. Let's now review the sentences together and focus on pronunciation. Repeat after me, please.