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  • Hello, guys. And welcome to this English course on adjectives.

  • In today's video, I'm going to tell you everything there is to know about adjectives.

  • And what they are exactly. The best way to describe an adjective in English

  • is to say that it's a word that describes or clarifies

  • a noun. It gives you information on people, things,

  • ideas, nouns, or pronouns. It is very important to understand what adjectives

  • are and to know how to use them.

  • Because they are essential when you speak English.

  • Let's get started. Adjectives give us so much information about

  • nouns. Let's, for example, take a common noun,

  • 'cup'. And see how many ways there are in English

  • to describe a cup using different kinds of adjectives.

  • Let's see. We can say, “It's a great cup.”

  • Just give your opinion. “It's a big cup.” Talking about the

  • size of the cup. If you want to talk about the shape of the

  • cup you could say, “It's a round cup.”

  • It's an old cup.” If you want to talk about age.

  • Or if you want to say what color it is, “It's a white cup.”

  • Or talking about temperature, “It's a cold cup.”

  • It's a broken cup.” If you make observations. “It's a Korean cup.” Talking about origins.

  • Or you can mention the material. “It's a plastic cup.”

  • OrIt's a coffee cup.” Talking about the purpose of the cup.

  • Now 'coffee' as you know is a noun. But in this case, it can be used as an adjective.

  • All these adjectives are places before the noun.

  • Let's learn more about adjectives. Adjectives can found before the noun.

  • It's called the attribute position. Or after the noun.

  • Which is called the predicative position. And it's just as common.

  • Adjectives which are found after a verb, describe the subject of this verb.

  • Usually a noun or a pronoun. So if we take the sentence, “The girl is

  • nice.” The adjective, 'nice', refers to the subject

  • of the sentence, 'the girl'. But it is placed after the verb 'to be'.

  • My students are happy.” Same thing.

  • The adjective, 'happy', describes the subject of the sentence, 'my students'.

  • But it is placed after the verb. I hope you understand guys.

  • Let's move on to practice now. Let's now practice finding adjectives in

  • a few sentences. “I'm a tall woman.”

  • Can you see the adjective in this sentence? I hope you can.

  • The adjective is 'tall'. It gives you the height of the woman.

  • “I'm a British woman.” Now where is the adjective?

  • The adjective is 'British'. Gives you the origins of this woman.

  • “I have blonde hair.” Now what's the adjective in this sentence?

  • Of course guys, it is 'blonde'. It gives you the color of the hair.

  • My eyes are blue.” Now that's a different sentence.

  • Can you spot the adjective? The adjective is 'blue.

  • What's blue? My eyes.

  • 'My eyes' is the subject of the sentence and the adjective is 'blue'.

  • “I'm nice.” Again, can you spot the adjective?

  • It's 'nice'. Okay?

  • And finally, “The weather is cold.”

  • What's the adjective? Where is it?

  • Can you see it? The adjective is 'cold'.

  • What's cold? The weather.

  • 'The weather' is the subject and the adjective is 'cold'.

  • Now in the first three sentences, it's the attribute position.

  • Remember? The adjective comes before the noun.

  • And in the last three sentences, it's the predicative position.

  • Remember? The adjective comes after the noun.

  • And in this case, after the verb 'to be'. I hope you understand this.

  • Good job. Okay, guys.

  • Let's go through the sentences again. This time focusing on pronunciation.

  • It's very important that you repeat the sentences after me

  • to practice saying these adjectives in a sentence. Okay, let's get started.

  • “I'm a tall woman.” Can you repeat after me?

  • Twice. First, “I'm a tall woman.”

  • “I'm a tall woman.”

  • Very good. Moving on.

  • “I'm a British woman.” Repeat after me.

  • “I'm a British woman.” “I'm a British woman.”

  • Good. Third sentence

  • “I have blonde hair.” So repeat after me please.

  • “I have blonde hair.” “I have blonde hair.”

  • Very good. “My eyes are blue.”

  • Repeat after me. “My eyes are blue.”

  • My eyes are blue.” Next one.

  • “I'm nice.” Repeat after me.

  • “I'm nice.” “I'm nice.”

  • Good job. And finally,

  • The weather is cold.” Please repeat.

  • The weather is cold.” “The weather is cold.”

  • Excellent job, guys. Ok, guys. Thank you for watching this video.

  • I hope you now understand what adjectives are

  • and how to use them in English. Please be sure to watch my next video as I

  • continue talking about adjectives. Thank you guys for watching my video.

  • If you like it, please show us your support. Click on 'like', subscribe to out channel,

  • comment below, and share the video. Thank you.

  • See you. Hello, guys.

  • Welcome to this English course on adjectives. In today's video, I'm going to talk about

  • prefixes and suffixes that are commonly added to adjectives in English.

  • A prefix is a few letters added to a beginning of a word to change the meaning of that word.

  • And a suffix is a few letters added to the end of the word to change the meaning.

  • We'll get more into detail. Let's get started.

  • Let's take a look at a few adjectives with prefixes.

  • Again a 'prefix' is a few letters added to the beginning of the adjective.

  • Mostly to make it negative. Let's take a look at a few examples.

  • First we have the prefix 'un'. U, n. For example, if we take the word, 'fair',

  • and want to make it negative, we can add u – n to have the word 'unfair' which

  • is the opposite of fair. Same goes for 'happy'.

  • 'unhappy' 'sure' become 'unsure'.

  • Another prefix is i –n , 'in'. To make the adjective negative, again,

  • For example, 'active' – 'inactive'. 'appropriate'

  • 'inappropriate' 'complete'

  • 'incomplete' The prefix i –r now, 'ir'.

  • For example, 'responsible'

  • 'irresponsible' 'regular'

  • 'irregular' 'rational'

  • 'irrational' Then we have the prefix i –m, 'im'.

  • For example, 'balance'

  • 'imbalance' 'polite'

  • 'impolite' 'possible'

  • 'impossible' And finally, the prefix, 'il'.

  • I – l. Like, 'legal'

  • 'illegal' 'literate'

  • 'illiterate' 'logical'

  • 'illogical' These are just a few examples, guys.

  • There are so many other prefixes in English. But I hope you now have a better understanding.

  • Let's move on. Let's now talk about suffixes.

  • In English, you can add a few letters to a noun or a verb to make it into an adjective.

  • Not necessarily a negative adjective. It's not like prefixes.

  • There are so many suffixes in English, but here is a list of very common ones.

  • We can find a suffix 'able'. Like, 'adorable'.

  • 'comfortable' Also the suffix 'en', e – n.

  • Like, 'broken'. 'golden'

  • 'ese' Like, 'Chinese'.

  • 'Japanese' 'ful'

  • Like, 'wonderful'. 'powerful'

  • 'ative' Like, 'informative'.

  • 'talkative' 'ous'

  • 'dangerous' 'enormous'

  • Or 'some'. Like, 'awesome'.

  • 'handsome' Again, these are just a few examples.

  • There are so many suffixes. But I hope you now have a good idea of how

  • to use suffixes in English. Let's now move on to practice.

  • Okay, guys. Let's practice finding adjectives in the

  • following sentences. And prefixes or suffixes.

  • Let's have a look. “I have an uncomfortable seat.”

  • Now, can you spot the adjective, first? Of course, the adjective here is 'uncomfortable'.

  • Can you see any prefix or suffix? I do.

  • There is a prefix, which is 'un'. And there is a suffix as well.

  • The suffix, 'able'. Okay, so look at how we transformed the word.

  • The first word was 'comfort' in English. First, we added a suffix to make it into an

  • adjective, which is 'comfortable'. And then we added a prefix, 'un', to make

  • it negative. So the seat is not comfortable, it is uncomfortable.

  • That's how prefixes and suffixes can be used in English.

  • The second sentence, “She has a black car.” Can you spot the adjective, first.

  • Of course, it's the adjective 'black'. Is there a suffix or a prefix?

  • No, there isn't. Next sentence.

  • His father was unhelpful.” What's the adjective?

  • 'unhelpful' Of course.

  • Any prefix, suffix? Yes, there is a prefix.

  • Again, which is 'un'. To make the adjective negative.

  • And there is a suffix, 'ful'. To make the noun 'help' into an adjective.

  • 'unhelpful' Next sentence.

  • The actor is handsome.” The adjective, of course, is 'handsome'.

  • Is there a prefix? No, there isn't. Is there a suffix?

  • Of course, 'some'. 'handsome'

  • “I hate oily food.” The adjective is 'oily'.

  • Of course. Is there a prefix?

  • There isn't.

  • Is there a suffix? Of course.

  • The 'y' is a suffix. You have the word, the noun, 'oil'.

  • And to make it into an adjective you add the suffix 'y'.

  • And finally, “She is a dishonest woman.”

  • The adjective is 'dishonest', of course. Do you have a prefix?

  • We do. Yes. We have the prefix, 'dis'.

  • It shows this woman is not honest, she is dishonest.

  • Okay, so that's how with prefixes and suffixes we can really transform words in English.

  • It's wonderful isn't it? There are thousands of prefixes and suffixes.

  • Again, these are just a few examples. But I hope you now understand how it works

  • in English and how you can really transform and play with the different words and kinds

  • of words. Okay, guys. Let's now review the sentences

  • together and focus on pronunciation. Repeat after me, please.

  • “I have an uncomfortable seat.” “I have an uncomfortable seat.”

  • Good job. Second sentence.

  • She has a black car.” “She has a black car.”

  • Good. Keep repeating.

  • His father was unhelpful.” “His father was unhelpful.”

  • The actor is handsome.” “The actor is handsome.”

  • Good. Moving on.

  • “I hate oily food.” “I hate oily food.”

  • And finally. “She is a dishonest woman.”

  • She is a dishonest woman.” Excellent guys.

  • Okay, guys. Thank you for watching this video.

  • I hoped this helped you understand a bit more about prefixes and suffixes in English.

  • Keep practicing. It takes practice to get better identifying

  • prefixes and suffixes, but I'm sure you can do it.

  • Make sure you watch the video as I continue talking about adjectives in English.

  • Thank you. Thank you guys for watching my video.

  • I hoped this help you. If you liked the video, please show me your

  • support. Click 'like', subscribe to the channel,

  • put your comments below if you have some, and share it with your friends.

  • See you.

  • Hello guys and welcome to this English course on adjectives.

  • In this video, I will be talking to you about adjectives ending in 'ed' or 'ing'.

  • These adjectives are very common in English and they often confuse students and learners

  • in general. So please be really careful. Listen very carefully.

  • Repeat after me. Try and understand what the difference is.

  • Let's get started Adjectives ending in 'ed', describe a

  • person's feeling. For example, 'bored'.

  • 'I am bored.' Adjectives ending in 'ing' describe a

  • situation or an event. For example, 'boring'.

  • Let's take a sentence. 'This film is boring.'

  • Ok that's the event. It's boring.

  • And because the film is boring, I am bored. That's my feeling.

  • I hope you get it. Let's get a few more common examples.

  • For example, 'annoyed' and 'annoying'. 'He is annoyed'.

  • That's a feeling. 'The noise is annoying'.

  • You're now describing the noise. Other example, 'confused', 'confusing'.

  • 'The student was confused'. 'The English was confusing'.

  • 'depressed' 'depressing'

  • 'My mom was depressed'. 'She watched a depressing TV drama'.

  • 'excited' 'exciting'

  • 'I'm excited.' 'Travelling is exciting.'

  • 'frustrated' 'frustrating'

  • 'My dog is frustrated.' 'Staying home all day is frustrating.'

  • 'frightened' 'frightening'

  • 'My little sister is frightened of the dark.' 'A dark room is frightening.'

  • 'satisfied' 'satisfying'

  • 'My dad is satisfied.' 'He has a satisfying job'.

  • 'shocked' 'shocking'

  • 'We were shocked by the accident.' 'It was a shocking accident'.

  • 'interested' 'interesting'

  • 'I'm interested in articles.' 'I'm reading an interesting article'.

  • Last example, two sentences, two different meanings.

  • Look at these: 'The teacher was bored.'

  • 'The teacher was boring.' Now you really have to understand the difference

  • between those two because the meaning is not the same at all.

  • When you say 'the teacher was bored', you are describing the teacher's feeling.

  • Okay, that's how the teacher felt at that time.

  • He or she was bored. But when you say 'the teacher was boring',

  • you are describing the teacher. Okay, the teacher made the students feel bored

  • because he or she was boring. Okay, so remember 'ed' is for feelings.

  • And 'ing' is to describe events, things, situations.

  • Okay let's move on to practice now. I now have a few example sentences for you.

  • Let's have a look together. 'Wow I am excited or exciting about my new

  • car' Now what's the correct answer?

  • What do you think? Now remember 'ed' to talk about feelings.

  • 'ing' to describe things. In this case, are you talking about your feelings

  • or are you describing your new car. Of course you are talking about your feelings.

  • So 'Wow I'm excited about my new car.' Second example:

  • 'Try not to get bored or boring when you study English.'

  • Now what do you think are you talking about feelings are you describing things?

  • Of course, again, we're talking about feelings in this sentence.

  • 'Try not to get bored when you study English.' Then, 'Math is confused or confusing to

  • me.'? Do you know the answer?

  • You are describing math to you. It is confusing to you.

  • So math is confusing to me. 'It was a thrilled or thrilling rollercoaster

  • ride.'? Now in this case, if you think for a minute,