Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Hi, welcome to www.engvid.com , I'm Adam. In today's video, I'm going to continue looking at parts of speech, in particular I'm going to look at verbs and adverbs. Now, for those of you who watch regularly, there's also a video, you know, about nouns and adjectives, and there's a link in the description box below. There will be another video about articles, conjunctions, prepositions, etc. So today, we're looking at the different types of verbs and adverbs. What do adverbs do? So, it's very important to understand how each of these verbs works, and again, there're different videos for all - for each of these, but know the types so that you can recognize them in a sentence. Again, remember the parts of speech are the categories that every word in a sentence belongs to, and recognizing each word will help you understand how to analyze a sentence for meaning, for composition, for all kinds of things, and how to write sentences as well. So, again, technically, this is for beginners, but intermediate and advanced students -- a lot for you to gain from this as well. So, the types of verbs. We have the "be" verb. Am, is, are, was, were, will be, right? So, these are the "be" verbs, these talk about a state or a situation, okay, of something happening. There's no action, there's just state, okay? What is the situation of the context we're talking about? It's very important and probably the most used verb of all the verbs. Then you have your active verbs. For example, you have play, or you have give, so you're giving something or you're playing tennis, etc. These are actives. These can be written in a passive form, okay, so "was played", or "is played", tennis was played by all the kids, okay? So, again, not the best sentence, but that's the verb. Active or passive verbs, where something is actually happening, there's an action, and it's very important to realize that action verbs come in transitive or intransitive form. Sometimes, ambitransitive means they can be transitive or intransitive, depends on how they are used. A transitive verb must take an object, okay? A transitive verb must take an object, so for example, "want", okay? Want is actually not an active verb, but it's a transitive verb, and a transitive verb must take the object, so you always want something. You want what? Candy. You want what? To play, okay? So "want" always takes an object. Intransitive does not take an object, okay? So, for example, "go". Go where? Where does not work as an object, it works as an adverb. So "go" will never have an object, it will have an adverbial compliment which is a different lesson altogether. If you want to understand how these things work, I have a video about the sentence structures, what is a sentence in English? You can get some more information there as well. So active - passive. Now, there's something called a state verb. So, for example, "believe", or "understand", or "know", or "think", okay? Here, we use these "like" action verbs in terms of construction, okay? But there is no action. When you say "I believe you are correct.", "believe", I'm not doing anything. It's just in my head - correct, that's it, right? So, there's no action. And state verbs, we never use in the "-ing" form. Never use them in a continuous form. That's the main thing to remember about state verbs. Then you have linking and copula verbs. So, for example, seem. "He seems happy.", okay? There's no action here. There's no movement. Nothing is actually happening in this sentence, it's just describing a situation, and it's very similar to a "be" verb. It's a situation. He seems happy. Maybe he is, maybe he isn't, but he's not, I'm not doing anything, he's not doing anything, it's just my idea of his state or his feeling, okay? So again, we use these also like action verbs, but there's no action. Then you have your modals like will, can, could, may, might, should, these are all verbs that are used with other verbs, okay, or by themselves but with another verb understood, so, "He can". Can he swim? Yes, he can, but "can" means "swim". He can swim. Can be able to. So, these modals give you a little bit of extra information about the main verb, okay? Will is used to talk about future, would is talking about hypothetical, should - recommendation, may - probability, so each of these modals has a particular function, and you should study the different modals and the different functions each has. Auxiliary, these are helping verbs: be, do, have. These are the auxiliary verbs. They are used to help a main verb do its action. So, for example, if you have a present perfect verb, you have "have" or "has" as the helping verb. In a question, you use a helping verb. "Did you go?" So, "did go", not "went you", right? You don't do that. You split the verb into it's auxiliary and it's main. The auxiliary takes the tense, okay? But again, that's a different lesson altogether. And then when it comes to verbs, it's very, very important that you study the tenses. Past, present perfect, and know how to use the base verb means just the verb by itself, the idea of the verb, not the action or anything like that, or the infinitive "to" verb. "To be", "to play", "to want", okay? So, these are the different verbs you need to study. These are the aspects of the verb that you really need to study, okay? And then you'll know how to use them. Now, every sentence in English, every clause in English has a verb in it. At least one verb as the main verb, and then other verbs as infinitives or base verbs. So, study these. Now, before I go on, I highly, highly recommend that you get yourself a good grammar book to start studying the basics, at least, of grammar. Without a good grasp of grammar, you can't make good English sentences in speaking or writing. You'll have a very hard time understanding sentences in English, okay? Get yourself a good grammar book, learn the different types of verbs, learn the tenses, start using them correctly, okay? Let's look at adverbs. Okay, so now we're going to look at adverbs, okay? And a lot of people think because adjectives describe nouns that adverbs describe verbs. And they're correct, adverbs do describe verbs, they give you a little more information about the verb, but they're not only describing verbs, they can also describe adjectives and they can describe other adverbs, okay? So, it's very important to remember that adverbs are multifunctional. They do many things, and there are many different types of adverbs, okay? If you want to talk about pace, okay, I walked fast. I walked quickly. Talking about the pace, the speed, okay? If you want to talk about the strength, okay, "He lifted weights angerly.", whatever, or with some sort of intensity or quality is another one, okay? Intensity, like very, like very happy, so I have an adjective: I am very happy, instead of just saying "happy". Very happy. I am making it more intensifying. Or I can also do the other way. I can mitigate, I can make less happy. I'm somewhat happy. Okay? Negation, like "no" or "not", these are actually adverbs. Expectancy, or expectation. For example, "already" and "yet". I haven't don't it yet. I have already done it. These are adverbs. They tell you about expectation, about something that's already happened, something that hasn't happened, it can be about time, for example, "I just finished.", so lots of different ways to describe verbs, lots of different ways to describe adjectives, and if you think about adverbs, "I speak very slowly.". Slowly describes speak, the verb. Very describes slowly, the adverb, so you can have many different adverbs in a sentence. Some will modify verbs, some will modify adjectives, some will modify other adverbs, okay? So you can mix them all up. Now, you can have simple adverbs like fast, quickly, slowly, highly, intentionally, in many cases you can take an adjective and add "-ly", okay? Take an adjective, add an "-ly" into it and make it into an adverb, but not always, and then there are other words that are just adverbs by themselves, like for example, "very". Very is just an adverb, you're not going to use it in any other way, and it's an intensifier. Now, I could fill the board with all kinds of different adverbs, but there's not much point in that. Again, you should get yourself a good grammar book and study the different types of adverbs you can use and start practicing them and when you find yourself something good to read in English, try to pick out the adverbs. Try to pick out the adjectives. Try to pick out each of the different parts of speech and figure out how they're being used in these sentences. Now, another way adverbs are used, we have adverb clauses to talk about or to describe a relationship between an independent clause and a time and a reason and purpose, okay? So, although - "Although I like to eat pizza, I don't eat it often.". Often - frequency adverb. Different - another type, alright? Often is an adverb.