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  • Good evening.

  • I'm Anthony Mason.

  • Hello.

  • I'm Wolf Blitzer in Washington.

  • Speeding.

  • Just report on the state s welcome to World News from Al Jazira News.

  • You are fake news, sir.

  • What is legitimate journalism?

  • It is news that has been verified by an independent organization that is accountable for the information verification.

  • Independence and accountability are the characteristics of quality journalism.

  • Let's examine verification.

  • It's the process of establishing that information is truthful and accurate.

  • Journalists collect information with the goal of providing the most accurate version of events they talked to sources dig through information and provide accurate documents to back up their stories.

  • In 2000 for CBS News broadcast 60 Minutes two claimed it had documents critical off the National Guard service of President George W.

  • Bush.

  • But CBS News failed to authenticate the documents, and they were in fact forgeries.

  • Several journalists, including anchorman Dan Rather, were fired independent.

  • It is a freedom from control or influence combined with impartiality.

  • Independence includes objectivity, fairness and balance.

  • But what is fairness?

  • What is balance and how do we determine that?

  • Let's take, for example, the myth that the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine is the cause of autism.

  • This claim has been completely discredited.

  • Yet several Hollywood celebrities continue to endorse it.

  • Some backing an anti vaccine film made by pseudo scientists by 2030 to 80% of the boys born will end up on.

  • Should journalists reporting on autism give time to the position of the anti vaccine believers?

  • No, they're not scientists.

  • Their opinions cannot be balanced against scientific knowledge and certainty.

  • Both sides are not equal, and it is misleading to treat them equally accountability.

  • The process of taking responsibility for the reporting news organizations should be clearly identified and journalists contact information easily obtainable.

  • But most importantly, any news organization or journalist should be prepared to admit errors when they've been made.

  • In 2005 New York Times asked veteran reporter Judith Miller to resign after it became clear for reporting about the Iraq war was wrong.

  • The Times wrote an extraordinary critique of its own editorial process that is also accountability, verification, independence and accountability.

  • These are the three main elements of journalism and what distinguishes it from other kinds of information.

Good evening.

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B2 VOA accountability verification independence news information

News Literacy Lesson 2: Verification, Independence and Accountability

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/07/03
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