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  • Gibraltar is a small peninsula with an epic profile that lies at the south of Spain.

  • Just a 3-hour flight from London, it is a tiny slice of the British Empire, with a heroic colonial history and 300 days of sunshine each year.

  • Although it covers less than 3 square miles, Gibraltar's strategic location has made it one of the most fought-over places in Europe.

  • For centuries, it has withstood political maneuvering, sieges, and battles.

  • And today, with its red phone boxes, Union Jacks, and high street shops, Gibraltar staunchly stands as a small pocket of England in the heart of the Mediterranean.

  • No matter where you go here, the Rock of Gibraltar looms large.

  • Take the cable car right to the top of this 1,400-foot-high limestone ridge, and enjoy the spectacular views, south across the Strait of Gibraltar to the African coastline and north to Spain.

  • According to legend, this is where Hercules separated Europe from Africa, and the cliffs on each side were once known as the Pillars of Hercules.

  • If the Rock of Gibraltar is famous around the world, so are its residents, the Barbary Macaques that have lived here for centuries.

  • Visitors flock here to watch the antics of the only population of wild monkeys in Europe.

  • Be warned, though; they can be a little light-fingered if they think there are treats to be enjoyed.

  • It is said that as long as the monkeys remain on the rock, so will the British.

  • It's a legend born during one of the longest sieges in history when the French and Spanish tried unsuccessfully to take Gibraltar by force during four bloody years in the 18th century.

  • The way locals tell it, at least one surprise attack during the siege was thwarted by the monkeys who alerted the night watch to the invaders with their commotion.

  • Take a tour through the Great Siege Tunnels built during this time.

  • They remain one of the most impressive feats of military engineering and helped the English to a seemingly impossible victory.

  • Using only hand tools and gunpowder, 18 men dug this 82-foot tunnel in less than 5 weeks to provide access to the rock's north face.

  • From this position, they were able to fire onto enemy lines and hold off the invaders.

  • Discover more stories of battle and bravery with a tour of the Military Heritage Center, a former artillery battery near the entrance to the Tunnels.

  • Here, you'll find relics from the Great Siege as well as a memorial chamber, which pays tribute to all those who gave their lives in defense of Gibraltar over the centuries.

  • During the Second World War, the Mediterranean became a main theater of war, and Gibraltar, again, became a key target.

  • To withstand the attacks, almost all the civilians were evacuated, and more than 30 more miles of tunnels were built, creating an underground city beneath the rock.

  • Hike to the Moorish Castle, a medieval fortification which is one of the most recognized features of the rock.

  • The Union Jack you'll see flying from the tower was first raised in 1704 and has flown proudly ever since.

  • A short walk downhill is St. Michael's Cave, a network of limestone caves that has fascinated visitors since Roman times.

  • Carved by thousands of years of rainwater, this cave, once believed to be bottomless, is open to visitors and is a dramatic backdrop for concerts, ballets, and theater performances.

  • For another dramatic backdrop, visit the very southern tip of Gibraltar.

  • Here, you'll find the Europa Point Lighthouse with its classically British design, as well as the Ibrahim-Al-Ibrahim Mosque, one of the largest mosques in a non-Muslim country.

  • Gibraltar's cultural blend is truly unique, and nowhere is this more evident than along Main Street.

  • Almost every building here was destroyed during the Great Siege, and it has been rebuilt over the centuries, creating a streetscape like no other.

  • Stroll to the northern end to Grand Casemates Square and the Old Town, which dates back to medieval times.

  • Once, this was the site of hangings, but today, it is a thriving hub of pubs, bars, and restaurants, and a great place to relax with a pint of lager.

  • From English pints to Spanish paella, historic battles to cheeky monkeys, Gibraltar's magic lies in its unexpected mix of the familiar and the exotic.

  • A small taste of England right in the heart of the Mediterranean.

Gibraltar is a small peninsula with an epic profile that lies at the south of Spain.

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