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  • Everybody's so recently I've been getting a lot of Hong Kong and general Chinese geography was messaging me and commenting on posts, asking to do a video that explains about the Hong Kong protests going on and what exactly it is about.

  • Many of you are already aware of what's going on, and it's a tricky topic.

  • Recover because the relationship between Hong Kong and China is kind of weird.

  • No matter what I say, someone is gonna disagree with something or get mad that I didn't mention something that I could have mentioned.

  • So if you want to add something to this video, right, your comments in the comments section below and let us know what you think.

  • Otherwise, here we go.

  • Basically, the whole situation is centered around the recent extradition bill that is being processed right now in Hong Kong.

  • What is extradition?

  • Well, according to Cornell dot edu, extradition is the removal of a person from a requested state two requesting state for criminal prosecution or punishment but differently.

  • To extradite is to surrender or obtain surrender off a fugitive from one jurisdiction to another or one country to another.

  • This action usually applies to but is not limited to larger offenses like murder or grand larceny.

  • It all started with the murder of Hong Kong native pun Xiao Yang by her boyfriend, Chun Tung Gia.

  • While on vacation in Taiwan.

  • Many news outlets transliterated names to Pool We Wing and Chan Tong chi, which is terrible transliteration.

  • But anyway, that's besides the point.

  • Later, after returning to Hong Kong, he confessed to the murder.

  • But technically he couldn't be properly charged because at the time, Hong Kong and Taiwan didn't have an extradition agreement in which they could hand him over to the Taiwanese authorities.

  • So in 2019 and extradition bill was proposed for Taiwan.

  • But the bill also included mainland China.

  • This is what sparked the outrage, Hong Kongers believe and say this law could Lee do being falsely charged in Hong Kong and then sent to mainland China for unfair trials, potentially even applying to foreign residents and even tourists?

  • That's what they speculate and assume could happen.

  • But there's no universal decree on the bill just yet, But you know what?

  • Hong Kong tensions and suspicions are always high with this type of thing, and it's not the first time something like this has happened.

  • But first you have to understand the laws in mainland China versus Hong Kong.

  • Even Taiwan in Macau have very different systems as well.

  • Even though Hong Kong is technically a part of China as a special autonomous region, China holds little actual power over their day to day legislation.

  • Kind of they operate pretty much almost like their own country.

  • They speak mostly Cantonese.

  • They have their own currency, postal system, government and even passport.

  • Basically, they used to be under the British until 1997 when they were handed back to China with a one country, two systems agreement.

  • The only thing China really has a say in is foreign affairs and defense.

  • For now, the agreement is only supposed to last until 2047 when Hong Kong is supposed to be fully adopted and integrated as a part of mainland China.

  • Legally, Hong Kong's government is a multi party system that used the format of checks and balances, much like Western systems with executive, legislative and judicial branches.

  • They have freedoms that mainland China does not have, like freedom of press, speech and assembly.

  • Whereas mainland China is a unitary one party socialist republic with guaranteed constitutional supreme powers solely to the Communist Party, everything from military property and media are state owned.

  • The government is essentially authoritarian and can kind of just do and control whatever they want.

  • Which is why China is always kind of like in a weird, legislatively cautious mode, because they know that if they have all authority, you kind of have to do a lot of things that make everyone, or at least most people somewhat content so that they don't snap.

  • So they put a huge emphasis on things like jobs, growing business, flashy new buildings and landmarks and shared unity through culture and identity.

  • Hong Kong doesn't really buy it, though in the more distance they can have from China, they see the better The problem is, things keep kind of happening.

  • In 2003 there was a protest against the law that would have punished people who spoke out against China when Hong Kong's constitution allows free speech.

  • In 2014 the people protested again with the controversial elections that had influence from Beijing, saying that they had to approve Of all the candidates.

  • Now, Hong Kong receive the extradition bill as another encroaching step China is taking that threatens their already dwindling years left of autonomy.

  • To make things even more complicated, Hong Kong has a Legislative Council of 70 officials, but only 40 of which are democratically elected and the other 30 our business seats that are voted on by corporations, most of whom are pro China.

  • Because, you know business is big with China.

  • That means Hong Kong's government has always kind of had a slightly more pro China leaning counsel, even though most people don't vote that way.

  • Which leads us to today.

  • Although protests have happened in the past, this is the biggest protest ever in Hong Kong.

  • Millions of people have flooded the streets, occupying highways, roads screaming for the government to scrap the bill, according to released video footage.

  • Tear gas and rubber bullets have been used against protestors.

  • Protestors have throwing rocks and pieces of scrap to the police and broken police station windows.

  • Protesters have even been using lasers to avert the police's vision and facial recognition technology.

  • Pro China tree odds that operate in Hong Kong are also getting involved.

  • It's pretty intense knowing that the world is watching.

  • All bacon See now is that given the past and current state of events, it's gonna be interesting to see how China further response and what Hong Kong will look like until 2047 comes.

  • What do you think?

  • Let us know.

  • Until then, Thanks for watching you guys back in my office.

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Hong Kong Protests explained in 5 minutes (Geography Now!)

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/03/28
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