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  • Hey everybody, welcome back to Flag/Fan Friday. Hope you liked the Pakistan episode.

  • So, as you know,

  • this is the part where I talk about the little small mistakes

  • we made in the video. Or the things that didn't quite get mentioned in the video. For one, in friendzone, oh my goodness

  • we accidentally used Soviet flags instead of the China flag. I really should check that. Sorry. Ouch. Second,

  • okay, this kind of threw me off.

  • So I actually kind of grew up around a small community of Pakistanis and they told me it's pronounced "Oodoo" (Spelled Urdu).

  • But I guess you can also kind of in some ways pronounce it Urdu. "Oodoo", "Ootoo", eh, I don't know.

  • There's a lot of things I've heard. Also it's Mirpur. Not Miyapur.

  • And there was a lot of stuff we didn't get to mention.

  • I mean the video was like over 19 minutes long.

  • But one thing I kind of wanted to talk more about but didn't have time. For the longest time Pakistan actually had a tribal

  • autonomous region, but then it merged into the Kyber Pakhtunkwa province in 2018.

  • We also didn't get to talk about one of the largest people groups in Pakistan, the Muhajirs.

  • However, the word actually refers to just general immigrants. Not any like specific

  • minority group. Also there's a small community of African descended people called the Seedi, or Sheedi. They mostly reside in Karachi.

  • Pakistan is also the only Muslim nation in the world to host a research station in Antarctica. Let's see,

  • what else do I have written here? They have the world's largest Earth filled dam.

  • Also the largest illegal gun market.

  • They have these incredibly, elaborately decorated buses called Jingle trucks.

  • There's also a blind river dolphin in the Indus River. And, in addition, Pakistan usually ranks in the top three

  • nations of hosting the most refugees in the world. Often they rank number one.

  • Over 1.5 million, mostly from Afghanistan.

  • There's a lot of other things we could have mentioned in the episode

  • but we don't really have too much time. If you know of anything, put it in the comments.

  • Otherwise, we got to move on. So without further adieu...

  • Ah, Pakistan. It is definitely a country people talk about and have opinions on.

  • For what it's worth, thank you Pakistani geograpeeps

  • Asiya and Maha for being in the video.

  • You were literally the only two people that sent in videos. Congrats, you two rock. In any case, the flag.

  • The flag of Pakistan is a banner with a green field and white vertical stripe at the left hoist side. In the center lies a white crescent and star.

  • The flag was inspired off the flag of the Muslim League, a political party back in the British India colonial times

  • whom got their inspiration from the Sultanate of Delhi, the Mughal Empire, and the flag of the Ottoman Empire,

  • mixing the green color field and the crescent and star. The green represents Islam, the predominant religion of the country,

  • whereas the white represents all the other religious minorities found there.

  • The crescent and star also refer to the nation's commitment to Islam, but also it stands for

  • progress and light.

  • Keep in mind, prior to this,

  • they were under the British as British India and all the other variant flags that came with it like the East India Company.

  • Including one that was very similar to the flag of Hawaii.

  • And prior to that, the area of where Pakistan lies now was subject to

  • various other kingdoms and empires like the Durrani Empire in the Kandahar area.

  • There was a Sikh Empire at one point.

  • Blah blah blah all that stuff; history.

  • Interesting side note, the Balochi Separatist,

  • which kind of have like an active but not very strongly enforced separatist movement.

  • They use this flag to represent the Balochi people and often they wave it during their cultural events or...

  • ...protests. Yeah.

  • Well, anyway, the national emblem.

  • The national emblem of Pakistan symbolizes

  • the ideological foundation of the nation based on things like economy and heritage.

  • On the top, of course, lies a green crescent and star symbolizing Islam.

  • And the center lies a shield with four sections containing cotton, wheat, tea, and jute, the four major crops of Pakistan's agricultural sector.

  • On the sides of the emblem lies a wreath of jasmine branches with flowers,

  • and at the bottom lies a scroll with the national motto reading in Urdu ایمان, اتحاد, نظم و ضبط,

  • which means faith, unity, and discipline.

  • Now it's interesting because each region or province or

  • legislative body of government

  • has their own emblem and flag as well,

  • all printed in green.

  • For example,

  • Balochistan has two camels and mountains.

  • Punjab, or "Pun-Jab" I've been told,

  • has wavy lines representing the Indus River,

  • and so on.

  • The only exception is Azad Kashmir.

  • They have a flag that looks like this representing the religions of the area as well as the snow-capped mountains and the green valley.

  • They kind of decided to just do their own thing.

  • So, yeah, that is pretty much it.

  • I guess that means that you know what time it is.

  • Geogra-fanmail time!

  • Alright guys. So, here we go, and before we start we're gonna have another guest star come in. Oh, no!

  • Oh, Noah!

  • That's what I said in the episode if you didn't see it, you should watch it.

  • All right, well, Noah, you know how we always start these off.

  • With postcards.

  • All right, here we have a postcard from Taylor.

  • They are from Wisconsin.

  • That's awesome. I was born in Wisconsin, actually.

  • They moved to Prague, Czech Republic. And...

  • they have a fantastic postcard from down there.

  • Sisal, who...

  • lives in Japan.

  • Oh, this's cool; Thomas, who's German but visited Beryl Nassau.

  • I actually went to this place.

  • It's that cool town split between Belgium and the Netherlands.

  • Jolefina?

  • There was an "l"?

  • No, I think that's an "s". That's a backwards "s".

  • Josefina, from Poland.

  • Bories's within a low price. On the frontier. That's pretty cool.

  • All right.

  • I'm so sorry. It's hard to read your writing.

  • I think your name is Surya, from India.

  • The alleppey lighthouse.

  • You know who else lived in a lighthouse...

  • Arthur Curry;

  • Aquaman.

  • All right, here we have a tasty looking postcard from

  • Michael in South Bend, Indiana.

  • Sarita, who sent this from

  • Albania.

  • Henry sends his postcard from...

  • Arches National Park in Utah.

  • Have you been to Utah?

  • I have been. I've been to Salt Lake City a couple times. That's Utah.

  • Yep. All right, here we have a postcard from Declan

  • and his fiancee Karla, who's from Canada.

  • This postcard is from Glasgow.

  • This is from...

  • Simen?

  • You're originally from Sweden.

  • Oh, no, you visited Greece.

  • Okay, cool.

  • I love that Greece-y country.

  • Here we have a postcard

  • from Long Island here.

  • Unfortunately,

  • you didn't write your name

  • so I can't give you a shout-out.

  • But hey, I can still thank you for the postcard.

  • If you recognize this postcard, it's yours.

  • Thank you so much.

  • Adien, who is from

  • *(unreadable word)*,

  • Mexico.

  • The card says Antigua, but he says I'm from...

  • something with a "q", Mexico.

  • I feel like most Americans have either gone to Mexico or Canada.

  • I've never been overseas, but

  • I have been to Mexico.

  • Where should we take Noah?

  • Curit, from New Zealand,

  • and his postcard from the Chatham Islands.

  • Pretty cool. They're visiting the island

  • for the annual checkup of the comprehensive test-ban treaty.

  • It measures airborne radiation.

  • Who knows?

  • Maybe they'll end up with some super powers at the end of it.

  • What kind of super power would you like?

  • Powers would only work if you had other powers to accompany them.

  • Let's say you had super strength.

  • You couldn't just punch a brick wall because you don't have vulnerability.

  • So you still break your arm, but you could possibly break the wall.

  • Oh.

  • Man you really thought about this.

  • Same with flight.

  • If you flew up to high, you would freeze.

  • I feel like moderate flight ability would be fun.

  • You know?

  • Just say 40 miles an hour

  • and you can only go like 100 feet in the air.

  • That's sustainable.

  • Thinking of it practically, that could work.

  • Anyway!...

  • This is a postcard that looks like a $100 bill.

  • Alexi and Alexandra,

  • who visited Tampa Orlando, Florida.

  • Yay.

  • You guys are awesome.

  • You guys have sent stuff before. I remember you guys

  • so thank you Alexia and Alexandra.

  • All right, here we have a postcard from

  • Bastogneium,

  • Berlin postcard.

  • This is from Checkpoint Charlie.

  • Yes.

  • An important part of this city's history.

  • *wack*

  • There's a fly. Oh, my god.

  • I just killed it.