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  • Why should we encourage people to have children?

  • Why don't we just let the population decrease

  • If Taiwan's population is going to decrease

  • The current population of 23.2 million would have to decrease by 2 million for an effect to be felt

  • That won't happen for 40 years

  • Is the population increasing or decreasing at present?

  • It's currently increasing

  • It's simple, it's increasing if there are more births than deaths

  • There are 20,000 more births than deaths a year

  • But in 5 or 6 years births and deaths will be equal

  • Then deaths will overtake births and population will start to decline

  • However we encourage people to have children

  • This is still an inevitability

  • It's not like if we encourage people to have children the population will continue to rise, it's impossible

  • In encouraging people to have children we're trying to alleviate the speed of the problem

  • Taiwan's problem is not the trend itself but rather the speed of the trend

  • We just need to slow the pace of population aging, delay it by 1, 2 or 3 years

  • This is its most important function

  • Slowing, even slightly the pace of problematic trends

  • Allows us time to take action against it

  • The moral values instilled by the family unit

  • Is something uniquely human

  • Humanity has two unique features, in my mind

  • They can comprehend time and their lives are based around the family unit

  • This is essential, otherwise

  • In the future, after the population has changed

  • If you lack this basic unit...

  • Do you think that government can replace every social structure of humanity?

  • People often bring up Northern European countries as an example

  • Do you really think their system is better?

  • What do you think the next step is for them?

  • They're in real difficulties now and don't know what to do about it

  • They've gone as far as they can go

  • Their tax rates can be above 50 or 60%

  • You can do nothing but support your country

  • as you rely on it for everything from when you're born until you die

  • So where do they go from there?

  • Their policies...

  • If the population structure could stop as it is

  • perhaps their policies would be able to sustain them

  • But the structure can't possibly stop as it is

  • It will keep on changing

  • So you have to understand that

  • You can't think with only the present in mind

  • Perhaps their policy suits their current population structure

  • This image looks good in comparison to other countries

  • but it doesn't mean that it will be good forever

  • They can't go on that way

  • Will they raise tax to 100%,

  • It is not possible

  • They've reached an extreme

  • but their population is changing, is it not?

  • So what will they do after their population structure shifts

  • There is nothing they can do

  • It the end of an era in history

  • It looks like they are well-off now

  • but we can't let our thinking be confined to the present

  • I'm not sure if you understand what I'm saying

  • At the moment I'll admit they look better off

  • They pay between 42 and 62% tax

  • We're currently at a rate of 12%

  • If we raised it to 30% we could do the same things that they do

  • but it's not possible, people wouldn't agree to it

  • Each society has different lessons to learn

  • They're not social welfare states because of their current population structure

  • but rather they set out with it in mind as a permanent structure

  • When my generation was born

  • A mother... I mean a woman,

  • not necessarily a mother

  • She would have maybe 6 or 7 children

  • She would be uneducated and unemployed

  • Resources were very limited

  • but they didn't just have one child

  • however, we all made it through

  • At that time, the generation before mine

  • thought of children as a sign of hope

  • They were, of course, also a burden

  • but the hope they gave was greater than their burden

  • so they would try to bring them up well

  • Isn't that right?

  • It's not a problem of proportion

  • but rather a conceptual problem

  • Nowadays, we are not talking about having 6 or 7 children

  • but rather 1 or 2

  • If the burden of bringing up a child is quite a large one

  • you might think that a child brings less hope than the burden it entails

  • then you might be put off

  • So it is a economic problem

  • As well as a problem of how you interpret economics

  • Subtitled by Conor Stuart

Why should we encourage people to have children?

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A2 population structure burden problem decrease taiwan

薛承泰訪問:台灣老化、少子化問題 The Aging Population of Taiwan

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    Panda En posted on 2014/03/16
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