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  • I want to speak really English from your first lesson.

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  • Hi, everybody.

  • My name is Alicia, and today I'm going to talk about propositions of time.

  • I'm going to talk about a few propositions we use when we're talking about time and time periods.

  • So let's get started.

  • Okay, so the first proposition of time I want to talk about is on.

  • We use on four days, for example, on Sunday on Monday on Tuesday, and we use on for the weekend, like on the weekend or on weekends.

  • These are the two cases where we use on as a proposition of time.

  • I like to something something on Sunday.

  • I like to something, something on weekends we use on in these two cases.

  • The second proposition of time I want to talk about for today is at, so we use at when we want to talk about a time and by time I mean O clock like seven o'clock at nine o'clock at 10 o'clock.

  • We can also use at with a M and P m like at 2 a.m. At 7 p.m. we use at to talk about a specific point in time.

  • A specific, uh, number.

  • For example, we also use at with the expression at night at night.

  • I like to something, something at night.

  • I usually something, something at night we always use at in this case.

  • Then I have one more here the weekend you'll see I used the weekend for on here, But in British English, I speak American English in British English, you might hear act the weekend instead of on the weekend.

  • So at the weekend, it's something you might hear depending on where you are or depending on the people with whom you study.

  • But for me, I prefer to use on the weekend.

  • Okay, let's talk about in next.

  • So we use in for a lot of different cases.

  • As you can see, we use in four months, like in September and October in November.

  • We use it for seasons, like in summer, in spring and fall.

  • We use it for expressions like in the morning in the evening, in the afternoon as well in the morning in the afternoon.

  • We also use in for periods of time, so minutes, hours and years, for example.

  • So in five minutes in three years, in a few seconds, if you want to talk about a period of time, you can use in to explain that.

  • So we use in for a lot of different cases.

  • The last thing I want to talk about, though, is a situation where you don't need to use a proposition at all.

  • When you use this plus weekend like this weekend or this morning or this evening or this month, this September, this October, you do not need to use a proposition in this case will practice in just a moment.

  • But this is a very common mistake.

  • If you use this before one of these expressions, you do not need to include a proposition.

  • So please be careful.

  • Okay?

  • So with this information, I want to try a few example sentences that I've prepared here.

  • The 1st 1 is I have to leave something something.

  • Five minutes.

  • Five minutes is a period of time.

  • So we know the correct proposition is in.

  • I have to leave in five minutes.

  • Is the correct answer here.

  • Next.

  • What are you doing?

  • Something.

  • Something.

  • December.

  • December.

  • So we know December is a month.

  • We should use in in this case.

  • What are you doing in December?

  • Of course.

  • By the way, with this sentence, we could say What are you doing this December?

  • To be very specific, but in this case for a proposition week should use in.

  • Okay, next sentence.

  • I'll meet you at the restaurant.

  • 6 p.m. Six p.

  • M.

  • Is a time a time.

  • So we know that we should use that at six.

  • PM at 6 p.m. Okay.

  • Next your plane leaves something something to ours.

  • So two hours again is a period of time.

  • A period of time.

  • Therefore, we should use in your plane leaves in two hours.

  • Is the correct sentence here.

  • Okay.

  • Next.

  • They're going to France.

  • Something something.

  • This summer.

  • Here is a big hint word this therefore no proposition is needed in this case.

  • They're going to France this summer.

  • No proposition here.

  • Okay, Next he's meeting us in the station.

  • Something something noon.

  • So noone.

  • I've used the word noon here, but noone is a time it means 12 p.m. Yeah.

  • So because it's still a time we should use at at noon is the correct sentence here.

  • Okay.

  • Next.

  • Can you meet me at the cafe?

  • Something Something to PM So two PM here we have another time at 2 p.m. Is the correct answer here.

  • Okay.

  • Next.

  • I like going hiking something Something weekends weekend.

  • So we learned over here that we use on to talk about weekends weekends, in this case, multiple weekends.

  • So I'd like going hiking on weekends is the correct answer in this case.

  • Finally, it's hard for me to wake up something.

  • Something.

  • The morning, the morning.

  • So we saw here.

  • Mourning is used with in So in the morning is the correct answer for this sentence.

  • So with a little bit of practice And as you use thes phrases, uh, not just with a single proposition, but as you use thes in longer sentences and as part of phrases, it will become easier to remember which is which and which one you should use at which time.

  • So I hope this was useful for you.

  • Thanks very much for watching this episode.

  • If you have any questions or comments, please let us know in a comment below this video.

  • Thanks very much for watching and see you again.

  • soon, right?

  • Today we're gonna talk about propositions of location and movement.

  • So let's get started.

  • Okay?

  • So the first proposition of location I want to talk about is at we use at to talk about exact specific locations.

  • So some examples of this are at the supermarket at the table at her desk.

  • This means a person or an object is at that specific place s O, for example.

  • I'm at work right now.

  • I'm at the office thes air specific points where people or objects can be located.

  • So please use at to talk about a specific location.

  • Okay, so let's go on to the next proposition of location.

  • For now in we use in when we want to talk about enclosed locations.

  • So locations which are surrounded or when we're surrounded by something else, something else is all around us, or we are enclosed within something.

  • So some examples of this are in the pool, were enclosed, are surrounded by the pool in the closet, completely enclosed by the closet in your bag.

  • Your items are enclosed by your bag and in the water.

  • So when swimming in the ocean, for example, we say in the water I'm in the water, for example.

  • Now I'm in the office.

  • I'm in a room.

  • Um, I'm in my home city, for example.

  • So these air different ways, we can use the word in when we're enclosed or surrounded by something.

  • Please.

  • Also remember that in is used for countries and cities.

  • I live in Bangkok.

  • I live in Aah Europe, for example.

  • So please remember to use in four countries and cities as well as for locations that are enclosed or when you're surrounded by something else.

  • Okay, so let's talk about the next proposition of location.

  • The next proposition is by we use by when we want to express something is near something else near or close to something else.

  • So, for example, by the park or by the coffee shop by your computer by the table, these mean near something else?

  • We don't know exactly.

  • Is it maybe next to in front of behind?

  • We don't know, but it means simply near something else.

  • So, for example, I'm by the white board right now.

  • I'm buy a chair.

  • I'm buy a table Thes airways.

  • We can use by to express near or close to.

  • Okay, so the next proposition I want to talk about is a proposition of movement, actually, the next to our propositions of movement.

  • The 1st 1 is into so into is something we used to express movement from an open location to a more closed location.

  • So, for example, into the bank, walk into the bank or into the refrigerator, put food into the refrigerator or into the suspects home.

  • The police moved into the suspect's home in each case into shows, moving from an open location to a more closed location.

  • So because in is here, you can imagine we are moving to an enclosed location.

  • We could say Jump into the pool, for example, or go into the closet, put something into your bag or go into the water.

  • So in this way we can kind of think of in and to being closely related.

  • But two shows us the movement, the relationship that there is some movement happening there.

  • Okay, so let's talk about the opposite then of into which is out of so because we use into to talk about movement from a more open place to an enclosed space out of is used to talk about movement from an enclosed space to a more open space.

  • So, for example, out of the house or out of the washing machine, taking clothes out of the washing machine out of your purse takes something out of your purse.

  • So moving yourself, moving a person or moving an object from something that is enclosed to a space that is more open we use out of in this case.

  • Okay, so now we know about five new propositions of location and movement.

  • Let's try some example.

  • Sentences.

  • Okay, the 1st 1 she's sitting something, something.

  • The table, the table.

  • So here we have the table.

  • I talked earlier about this at the table with At Yeah, however, we can use by the table as well at the table and by the table have slightly different meanings, though both are correct at the table means she is sitting in a chair directly in front of the table.

  • She's sitting at the table by the table, however, could mean she's next to the table or she's just near the table by is a little bit less clear at is very clear here, to be very clear, say she's sitting at the table to be less clear.

  • Maybe she's somewhere near the table used by.

  • Okay, so the next example sentence is our company's headquarters is something Something L a l A l a meaning Los Angeles here.

  • So we have a city name?

  • Yeah, a city named Los Angeles.

  • We know that we should use city names with in.

  • So the answer here is in in L.

  • A.

  • Okay, the next one, he lives something.

  • Something in the supermarket.

  • So the supermarket is a place, and here we have the verb lives.

  • He lives.

  • We know it's not in because people do not live in supermarkets.

  • Uh, probably not at He lives at the supermarket.

  • Also doesn't make any