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  • he's a review from BBC Learning English Hello and welcome to news Review the program where we show you how to use the language from the latest news stories in your everyday English.

  • I'm damn and joining me today is Catherine.

  • Hi, Catherine.

  • Hi, Dad.

  • Hi, everyone.

  • So what's the story this morning?

  • Today's story is about the dinosaur discovery who?

  • I love dinosaurs.

  • Okay, let's hear more from this BBC World Service news report A new dinosaur, Her diminutive ancestor of the mighty Tyrannis Saurus Rex has been identified by a paleontologist who first discovered the bones as a teenager in New Mexico more than 20 years ago.

  • The creature dates back 92 million years, about 20 million years earlier than T.

  • Rex and would have been less than a meet a tall scientists not certain how the small tyrannis oris type dinosaurs evolved in some of the largest and most fearsome creatures ever to walk the Earth.

  • So a paleontology story here now a paleontologist, is somebody who explores and discovers bottles that is the fossilized remains of ancient creatures.

  • He found the fossil of a small dinosaur 20 years ago.

  • Nobody was quite sure what it was.

  • But now they believe it's the distant relative of a T.

  • Rex, the big, scary dinosaur with all the teeth.

  • Um, this one was very small lesson a meter, I but they believe that over 20 million years there's tiny little dinosaur evolved into the great big scary T Rex.

  • Wow.

  • So from less than a meter 20 million years later, Giant T.

  • Rex, That's the story.

  • Fantastic.

  • Okay, well, we've picked out three words and expressions that our viewers can use to talk about this story.

  • What do we have for them, Catherine?

  • We have imposing trod lately.

  • Stepping stone, imposing, trod lightly and stepping stone.

  • Okay.

  • Can we please have our first headline we can, Aunt, we're looking at C net in the surprising we have a newly discovered ancestor off Tyrannosaurus Rex wasn't nearly as imposing as the king of deadly dinosaurs imposing, appearing large and impressive.

  • Now, this is an objective.

  • If I'm not mistaken, it is an objective.

  • You use it before unknown.

  • And basically, if something is imposing, it's got the wow factor.

  • It makes you go.

  • Wow.

  • Sometimes for good reasons, sometimes for bad reasons.

  • But you don't forget about it.

  • You know it's there.

  • Okay, so we're talking about something that's very large.

  • It can be.

  • Yes, you can have an imposing person, a boxer bee bodybuilder, yet imposing eso physically, physically, big person.

  • Andi can use it for anything that's big.

  • Bigger than normal.

  • You can.

  • That's usually imposing.

  • You can use it for people and personalities.

  • You can say that someone's got an imposing personality.

  • Okay, So quite strong or like a strong character?

  • Yeah, after years, somebody in a range of walks of life, It could be a pair and it can be a boss.

  • Usually there's somebody in there position of authority, a politician.

  • But yes, somebody who you don't forget about okay can be an imposing character.

  • And it's only for people that we talk about imposing.

  • No, you can use it for things as well.

  • You can talk about an imposing building, you know, religious buildings are usually really can often be large and imposing On the Taj Mahal in and mausoleum in India, you can talk about skyscrapers and architectures.

  • You can talk about an imposing mountain and views and random Berg tour.

  • It's quite imposing.

  • There's ever been to Berlin.

  • I particularly like the Brandenburg Tor.

  • It's very mighty and strong and very big.

  • Quite imposing.

  • Yep.

  • And then you can use imposing for artworks and design.

  • You don't talk about an imposing book If it's very long and difficult to read, you talk about imposing pictures, so lots of things that leave an impression they are imposing.

  • So where does this idea of imposing come from?

  • Well, the verb impose.

  • If you impose something on someone, you force them thio.

  • Do it.

  • You can't ignore it.

  • So government imposed taxes.

  • The police can impose a fine or punishment.

  • It's not always a negative thing, but the idea of you have to do something so so the imposing You can't ignore it.

  • I've often heard it in connected in connection with hospitality.

  • Say, for example, when I invite someone old, do come over to my house and we'll have dinner together.

  • You know, I can't exactly.

  • Yeah, that's it.

  • I don't want to impose.

  • What's that about?

  • It's about.

  • Put that away politely, declining an offer of hospitality, especially if you think the person's doing too much.

  • So if you say I don't want to impose, you're saying it's okay.

  • I'm not going to accept your impossible hospitality because I don't want to force you to do anything way.

  • OK, well, we don't want to impose on our listeners and viewers anymore, So we'll move on to our next headline, please.

  • Nice linked up because usually going to cosmos Tiny Terata sort trod lately 92 million years ago Trod lightly spoke or acted carefully tow.

  • Avoid making a mistake.

  • Treading, stepping, walking What's going on?

  • That's right.

  • Yes.

  • Oh, there were the verb to tread which is the part?

  • The present heads of Trod in the past.

  • Trading is about walking and stepping Eso if you tread lightly, Literally done when you're coming home from a night out Four o'clock in the morning.

  • Yeah, you're told that it was asleep.

  • Oh, I see.

  • Okay.

  • Yeah.

  • You come crash against your home.

  • No, no, no, no.

  • You My wife would kill me.

  • No, You walk like a cattle sneaky.

  • It is soft, That little soft step.

  • So you tread lightly.

  • Yes, I do, because I don't want to wake up my wife.

  • So that's the literal meaning of tread lightly.

  • And it's quite simple to see that idiomatic Lee.

  • It means you behave in a very careful, considered cautious way.

  • Yes, because you don't want to upset anyone.

  • So if you tried lately, it might be the politicians Trav lately when they're talking about surgical controversial issue.

  • Yes.

  • Um, if by any chance, you do upset your wife if I wake her up in the middle of the night, then in the morning I will be treading lightly around her.

  • Not physically, but metaphorically.

  • Yeah, making sure that she's happy.

  • Get her a cup of tea.

  • Don't make any noise because I don't want to make a mistake or upset her husband Cold.

  • Yeah, well, Dad, household.

  • Right.

  • Okay.

  • So, yeah, it means either physically, all often metaphorically behavior.

  • Behaving in a careful away because you don't want to upset anyone in the headline is kind of a play of words, because this was a very small dinosaur.

  • So it literally trod lately compared to the massive cousin that it no.

  • And of course, being small, it could be easily eaten.

  • So it probably trod lightly around other dinosaurs May.

  • Well, it didn't get in trouble.

  • Lovely rights.

  • Before we tread lightly onto our third and final headline, it's important for us to tell you that on YouTube.

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  • Isn't that right, Catherine?

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  • Brilliant.

  • All right, let's have a look at our third headline then.

  • Please.

  • Okay, I We're going now to CNN.

  • Fusses off three foot toward Tyrannosaurus Rex.

  • Relatives are evolutionary stepping the stone stepping stone action or event that helps advance towards something.

  • Now, I thought stepping stones were in rivers.

  • What's it got to do with dinosaurs?

  • Steppingstones, indeed are in rivers.

  • Everybody loves a stepping stone on stepping stones.

  • Help you get it from one side of the river to another where there isn't a bridge on you basically step on from one flat stone to the next to the next to the next.

  • Oh, you reach your destination.

  • The side?

  • Yes.

  • Um, So it's the idea of advancing one step, one step at a time.

  • Like making progress.

  • If you go across the river, you finally get there.

  • I see.

  • So what?

  • How does this week fix in this context.

  • Well, yes, this is again another idiomatic, non literal use of the word we're talking about stages in a process.

  • Now this is Scientists are trying to understand the evolution off Tyrannosaurus rex on.

  • By finding this small to manage Saurus rex, which is from an earlier period, they believe they found one step in the process of evolution.

  • Of these, these creatures of the final of addition would be the Tyrannosaurus rex.

  • Then at the end of the steps.

  • Yes, eso a stepping stone is often It's a significant point in the development of something I see and can only be applied to rivers and dinosaurs.

  • Or do we have other contact?

  • We do have other context.

  • Yes, we had to use it when we're progressing too often and careers or in discoveries in your development.

  • So you can talk about college football being a stepping stone to a professional football career for American football players, you can talk about any sort of stage in your job.

  • So Dan presenting news review very good at it.

  • Gotta say put it may just be a stepping stone to the prime time 10 o'clock news, primetime news may I can't it's enough to read the news.

  • I could do the paper thing there.

  • Look, Yeah, so news review would be a stepping stone in my career.

  • You never know.

  • Now, Katherine, would you wind recapping the vocabulary?

  • Please?

  • Certainly we had imposing appearing large and impressive charge lightly spoke or acted carefully to avoid making a mistake on stepping stone action or event that helps advance toward something.

  • Thank you very much.

  • Now, if you'd like to test yourself on today's vocabulary, there is a quiz that you can take on our website that BBC learning english dot com Don't forget, we are all over social media, too, with Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube pushed that bell button to describe our fantastic thank you very much.

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