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  • Vsauce! Captain Kidd was a Scottish sailor famous for the legend of his buried treasure.

  • People have searched for his treasure in places ranging from Long Island and Nova Scotia to

  • Vietnam and the Japanese island of Takarajima which literally translates to "Treasure Island".

  • But despite being recognized as the only known pirate to have buried treasure some believe

  • he wasn't even a pirate at all was falsely accused of piracy - so the idea of pirates

  • burying treasure might have almost no basis in reality.

  • What The Fak? The Facts And Knowledge On Real Historic Pirates.

  • Edward Teach was known for his intimidating stature and long black beard which earned

  • him the nickname Blackbeard. He'd intimidate enemies by tying lit fuses under his hat and

  • to his beard but in reality he was much less violent than many other pirates. After taking

  • a royal pardon to stop pirating it turned out he was still doing it. So after his capture

  • in 1718 he reportedly had one of the most drawn out and epic deaths ever. It's said

  • he was shot five times and received twenty sword cuts before a fatal blow to the neck

  • finally felled the infamous Blackbeard. Then his head was cut off and hung from the ship

  • to collect the reward for his death.

  • It's thought that pirates may have worn eye patches to keep one eye adjusted to the dark

  • for moving from the light above deck to the darkness below deck.

  • Captain Benjamin Hornigold was at one time Blackbeard's boss. He commanded a ship called

  • Ranger that was the most heavily armed ship in his region. He wasn't the most ruthless

  • of pirates and once took over a ship just to steal hats. Apparently his men had gotten

  • drunk the previous night and thrown their hats overboard and they needed some new ones.

  • Hornigold lost his captainship when he refused to attack English or Dutch vessels. He then

  • became a pirate hunter in 1718 for Governor Woodes Rogers which he died doing in a shipwreck

  • during a Hurricane. And he appears in Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag

  • The word "pirate" (English and French) is from the Latin and Spanish pirata, originally

  • the Greek peirates (one who attacks) and peiran (to attempt or try).

  • Bartholomew Roberts aka Black Bart captured 470 vessels making him the most successful

  • pirate during the Golden age of piracy. He did not intend on being a pirate but when

  • the slaveship Princess he worked on was taken by pirates he was forced to join and his ability

  • to navigate made him invaluable to the captain. When he was given the command of his first

  • ship he said "that since he had dipped his hands in muddy water, and must be a pirate,

  • it was better to command a ship than be a common man". He was buried at sea by his crew

  • as a final wish and was never found.

  • The association of pirates with hook hands and peglegs may have arisen from so many crew

  • members losing limbs during battle and while on the ship but many that needed amputations

  • didn't survive the surgery. Hooks and peglegs were popularized by fictional works such as

  • Treasure Island and Peter Pan.

  • Francois L'Olonnais was one of the most feared and vicious pirates of his time with acts

  • like reportedly ripping out a captives heart and gnawing on it to intimidate his enemies.

  • In 1667, his ship was destroyed and the majority of his crew were massacred by the Spanish.

  • L'olannais covered himself in blood and sand and played dead until they left, then disguised

  • himself as a Spaniard, made his way to the city where they were celebrating his death

  • and convinced slaves to help him escape where he got new ship and men and resumed pirating.

  • L'Olonnais was eventually captured and an account from one man said he was hacked to

  • pieces, cooked over a fire, and eaten because the Spanish despised him so much.

  • Calico Jack, real name John Rackham, earned his nickname from the calico clothes he wore.

  • He had two female crew members Mary Read and Anne Bonny. Jack had an affair with Anne Bonny

  • who was to be whipped for adultery but together they stole a ship and escaped. Mary Read cross-dressed

  • as a man, joined Jack's crew, was almost killed by Jack for showing too much interest in Anne

  • Bonny until Read revealed she was actually a woman. Jack was captured and hanged in 1720

  • with his dead body gibbeted on display to deter other criminals.

  • And he was responsible for the classic skull with crossed swords Jolly Roger.

  • And here are so more famous Jolly Rogers...

  • Henry Every was known as The King Of Pirates. He's thought to have had the most profitable

  • haul in pirate history when he led a small pirate squadron to overtake the Ganj-i-sawai

  • - the flagship of a 25 ship convoy of Grand Mughal vessels containing £600,000 in metals

  • and jewels. And amazingly he's one of the few famous pirates thought of have escaped

  • alive with his treasure - one story saying he disappeared to Madagascar with all of his

  • loot and lived like a king. The other story is that he died penniless after squandering

  • all his money.

  • The well-known pirate voice is an impersonation of West Country English and Robert Newton

  • who was born in England not far from the birthplaces of many famous pirates played both Long John

  • Silver and Blackbeard in early Disney movies.

  • Henry Morgan, the man whom Captain Morgan rum is named after was actually privateer

  • and not a pirate. A privateer is basically a legal pirate. Morgan was allowed to attack

  • enemy ships and ports in exchange for sharing the loot with the crown and he was even knighted

  • by King Charles II. Although known as one of the greatest pirates ever Morgan would've

  • been offended to be called one.

  • Parrots and monkeys were considered trophies of the exotic places pirates visited and were

  • often sold for high prices back in Europe.

  • Madame Cheng was the most famous female pirate of all time. She commanded over 300 Junks

  • or chinese sailing vessels with a crew of over 20k men women and children. She started

  • out as a prostitute that was captured by pirates, married one of them and took over his fleet.

  • She created a code that went like this. Disobeying her or any superior meant immediate

  • beheading No one could steal from the public fund or

  • anyone that supplied the pirates All booty was presented for group inspection

  • - the finder kept 20% and the rest went into the public fund

  • Actual money was given to the squadron leader to help unsuccessful ships

  • And pirates could choose to marry female captives with the ugliest, unchosen ones then being

  • released. She was never defeated and eventually retired,

  • opened a gambling house, and died at the age of 69.

  • I'm gonna leave you with this pirate. Who was he and what was his nickname?

  • Before we go here's last video's winner. And as always, thanks ye for watchin'.

Vsauce! Captain Kidd was a Scottish sailor famous for the legend of his buried treasure.

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Amazing Historic PIRATES -- FAK #27

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    04C posted on 2013/12/12
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