Int UK 967 Folder Collection
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Hello everyone and welcome back to English with Lucy.
If you want to sound intelligent and professional
when you speak English,
then you need to watch this video.
Trust me.
I'm going to show you the two things
that you need to avoid doing
if you want to sound smart and clever in English.
I'm going to discuss two phenomena
that make people sound dumb and unintelligent
when they speak without them even realising it.
If you do one of these things in a job interview,
it has actually been proven that it decreases
your chances of getting hired.
I'm going to fully explain these two phenomena.
I'm gonna tell you where they derived from,
where they came from.
I'm going to tell you why you
shouldn't use them or do them.
And I will also mention the specific occasions
where it is okay to use them.
Quickly, before we get started,
I'd just like to thank the sponsor of today's video.
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Right, let's get started
with this very important lesson.
The first of two topics that I'm going to discuss,
two things that you need to either stop doing
or avoid doing, is upward inflexion.
This is a feature of language
which has many names.
It's also called upspeak, uptalk,
rising intonation, high rising terminal,
or high rising intonation.
This is where declarative sentence clauses
end with a rising-pitch intonation.
In simple terms, this means that you say
statements or affirmative phrases
as you would a question.
For example, when I ask
"Would you like some help?"
I say "Would you like some help?"
I raise the pitch at the end of the sentence
to show that it's a question.
Would you like anything else with that?
It goes up ever so slightly.
Now, with upward inflexions
there's normally a series of these clauses
with rising intonation,
but then in the final clause,
the end of the sentence,
there's usually a fall in pitch.
So think about that.
Would you like some help?
Question.
Well, if I said, "Yes, I would like some help,"
but did it with an upward inflexion,
it would sound, "Yes, I'd like some help?"
It doesn't sound quite right
but it's now really, really common.
Especially in American English,
but we'll talk about that later
when we talk about where it came from.
So an example of this upward inflexion is,
"Me and William, we went to the shops,
we bought some apples,
we bought some pears,
we saw my friend Jessica,
and then we went home."
So did you notice that?
When I was talking, my voice raised
at the end of each clause,
and then at the end of the sentence,
the pitch fell.
That felt ridiculous to do that.
Now, if you want to sound professional
and intelligent, you need to avoid doing this.
Many of my students used to do this
and they used to do it for two reasons.
The first reason was that they'd heard it
in the movies or in TV shows
and they had been subconsciously emulating it.
This is because this upward inflexion
is thought to be derived from the West Coast
of America where lots of films are based.
Nowadays you'll see it in a lot of movies
when they are trying to portray a character
as unintelligent or superficial.
In America, I also think this is called
valley speak, although that covers
a lot of things.
It kind of describes a valley girl,
a girl from a certain area,
who speaks like this,
and is a bit superficial and a bit fake.
So that's the first reason why my students
used this when I used to teach
real-life in-person students.
The second reason was much more understandable.
They used to raise their voice
at the end of a sentence
because they weren't 100% sure
if what they just said was grammatically correct.
They were raising their voice like a question
to imply that they wanted correction or reassurance.
For example, a student might say to me,
"I went to my country to visit my mother?"
Like I'm not quite sure if this is correct
but I hope you'll correct me.
It's sort of like asking a question
by making a statement.
Now, if you're a non-native speaker,
you should really avoid doing this,
if you're in a professional situation,
because it shows your insecurities
about your language skills.
It might make your client or interviewer
doubt that you are confident
with your language skills.
Now, some of the advice that I've given you
in previous videos is to copy people
that you want to sound like.
So, try and imitate them in order to improve
your pronunciation and your fluency.
Bear in mind when you select someone
that you'd like to imitate
if they use upward inflexions or not.
If they are using them,
then it might be best to find someone else
unless you just really like
the sound of upward inflexions,
and I'm not gonna judge you for that.
When I was a kid, I used to think
that upward inflexions were cool
because they were what I saw in the movies.
So, my friends and I, I've mentioned this before,
we used to play pretend at school and at home,
in American accents, and we used to use
this upward inflexion 'cause we just saw
the cool movie stars doing it, so we did it too.
So, I can understand why you'd want to copy it,
but I just want to warn you the risks of copying it.
Now, the second topic that I'm going to talk about
is the word like.
But I want you to fully understand
all of the uses of the word like
and the situations in which we should not use like.
I'm going to talk about six uses for like,
two of which are very, very bad.
They are not professional.
They will make you sound,
am I gonna say it?
Yeah, they'll make you sound dumb.
You will sound dumb if you say this.
(laughing) Okay.
Potentially controversial
but I'm protective of you.
I don't want you to sound unintelligent.
Now, the overuse of the word like is
the pet hate of many of the older generations.
It's something new that's come in
through popular culture.
I imagined it came in round the '90s
but I've looked back and actually,
it's been around for a lot longer than that.
There're many situations in which like
is the perfect word to use
and the only correct one that you can use.
But if you listen in to a typical young conversation,
you will probably hear the word like
an obscene amount of times.
Next time you listen to a YouTuber's storytime
try and count how many times they say like in your head.
I know that I say it too much as well.
I use it to replace other words when I shouldn't.
So firstly, like can be used
as a preposition in comparisons.
For example, she looks like Candice King.
A noun, Candice King is a noun.
And I set that example because so many of you
comment below my videos saying I look like her,
and I looked at her Instagram
and I am very flattered.
Very, very flattered.
Secondly, like can be used as a conjunction.
For example, they seem like they are happy together.
Thirdly, it can be used as a noun.
What are your likes and dislikes?
And finally, it can be used as a verb.
I like this music.
Do you like me?
Now, number five and six are these controversial uses
that you should consider avoiding
if you want to sound intelligent.
Number five, like can be used as a quotative,
and in particular a colloquial or slang quotative.
It's used to express that whatever follows
isn't an exact quotation
but gives a general feel for what is said.
That might not seem clear
but when I give you an example, it will be.
In this usage you put like together with a verb
and it's normally the verb to be.
This is a really important one
for you to understand because we do use it a lot
in colloquial informal English.
I definitely use it with my friends.
An example.
He was like, "I can't go to the party."
I'm saying he plus to be plus like,
he was like, and this expresses
that whatever I'm going to say after this
is not exactly what he said
but it's similar.
He was like, "I can't go to the party."
And I was like, "Oh my god, I can't believe it."
This form of like can also be used
to paraphrase an idea or an unspoken feeling.
For example.
I was like, "What the hell?"
I didn't say, "What the hell?"
I'm showing how I felt or what I thought.
And number six, like can be used as a filler.
This is probably the most common use of like.
Like can be used in the same way
as um or er.
For example.
She asked me to like, give a speech
but I hadn't, like, prepared anything.
It's exactly the same as saying
she asked me to um, give a speech
but I hadn't, um, prepared anything.
Now, the reason why you shouldn't use like
in this way is it shows a sort of nonchalance
or disinterest in what you're saying,
like you can't be bothered to properly
think about what you're speaking about.
Be really, really careful
if you do decide to use this
because you can get into such a strong habit.
In general, I like to say avoid using er and um,
but sometimes it's impossible.
Sometimes you just can't think of the word
and you need to include a filler.
I would highly suggest avoiding using like
as a filler because it ends up sounding
really, really juvenile.
Now, in certain parts of the UK,
like is also being used as a filler
on the end of phrases.
It's sort of being used as an alternative
to you know, which is also a repetitive thing
that we use too much.
It's a colloquial interjection
and it shows the desire for everyone
to remain calm and to reduce tension.
For example.
Just be cool, like.
Or, it doesn't matter, like.
Now, I would never say this
because in my region we don't say this
and I probably sound ridiculous saying it,
but in the northern region of the UK
and in Wales, for example, they do use this.
Right, those are the two things
that you need to consider avoiding
if you want to sound intelligent
and professional and not dumb (laughs)
when speaking English.
If there's anything else
that you think we could avoid
or include to sound better in English,
please do comment it down below.
Don't forget to check out italki.
The link to sign up is in the description box.
You can connect with me on all of my social media.
I've got my Facebook, I'm got my Instagram,
and I've got my Twitter,
and I've got my new personal channel,
the Lucy Bella Earl channel,
where I talk about everything that isn't English.
I will see you soon for another lesson.
It's an incredibly affordable way
of learning a language.
Much cheaper than an offline tutor
or language academy.
(laughs)
I'm actually going to die.
It's so hot in this room.
I've found a radiator that won't switch off.
I don't know what to do. I've called my landlord.
So firstly, like can be used
as a preporition.
Preporition.
Sounds magical.
(upbeat music)
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DO NOT speak like THIS if you want to sound INTELLIGENT - 2 MAJOR mistakes

967 Folder Collection
Jessieeee published on July 29, 2019    Karen translated    Evangeline reviewed
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