Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Hello! In this video, we'll be looking at 'a' and 'the', when we don't know what they're

  • referring to, like a book, a person or a planet, and when we do know, like the moon, or the

  • red mugs. Hope you find it useful!

  • We're looking at 'a' and 'the', and here's Brian with a cupboard full of mugs, and he's

  • got three friends with him, here they are - that's Sally, Peter and Max.

  • So what has Sally got to say? Sally's got something to say - she says, 'Can I have a

  • mug?' OK, which mug? That mug? This mug? That mug? Which mug? Any mug. A mug - it doesn't

  • say. So let's choose a mug - let's take that one for example, put it over there. So Sally,

  • there you are.

  • Now it's Peter's turn. What does Peter say? 'Can I have the big mug?' 'The' - notice he

  • says 'the' - 'the big mug'. So which one is the big mug? It looks like that one, that's

  • the big mug isn't it. Right, here we go, we'll give Peter the big mug.

  • And now we come to Max, what does Max say? 'Can I have the red mugs?' in the plural.

  • He says 'the' red mugs, there are only two, so it's going to have to be these two, so

  • we'll give him the two red mugs.

  • So, she said 'a mug', which doesn't specify which mug, he said 'the big mug' which is

  • specific in singular, and Max said 'the red mugs' - specific in the plural.

  • Now let's move onto the next picture - this is a picture you will recognise of our little

  • universe, and there's the sun in the middle, I'll just write 'the sun'. It's the only one

  • we know - I know there are other suns in the universe, but that is our sun, the only one

  • we have.

  • And I'll just put in there an extra planet, because there are only seven planets, there

  • should be eight. There are not nine planets by the way because Pluto is not a planet anymore.

  • Now we live on that one at the bottom there which we call 'the earth', the only one for

  • us, and next to it we have 'the moon', it's the only moon for us. I know there are other

  • moons in the universe but that's the one for us. Then up here we have 'a planet' - one

  • of eight planets - we don't know which one.

  • We've looked at 'a planet' and 'a mug' when we don't know which one we're talking about,

  • and we've looked at 'the sun', 'the moon', 'the earth', 'the big mug' and 'the red mugs'

  • - singular and plural - when we do know which one we're talking about.

  • I'm going to wipe the whole lot off now, because now is time to do

  • a little test.

Hello! In this video, we'll be looking at 'a' and 'the', when we don't know what they're

Subtitles and vocabulary

Click the word to look it up Click the word to find further inforamtion about it

B1 mug sally max plural planet moon

Learn English - Noun Phrases: a, the

  • 437 48
    Susy posted on 2013/11/03
Video vocabulary