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  • Hello it's Ray

  • Today let's talk about gerunds!

  • Hmm~ gerunds are mysterious creatures

  • They resemble verbs, but they're nouns

  • and they even look the same as so many adjectives

  • What the...?

  • And their English name is "gerund"

  • Gerund?

  • Sounds like a virus' name

  • The Gerund Virus

  • Anyway today we're going to learn about gerunds, which are everywhere in our life

  • What's the definition of a gerund?

  • First, a gerund is a verb plus "ing"

  • For example, add "ing" to "swim", then we have "swimming"

  • This is a gerund

  • Teacher teacher, why does a verb become a noun after we add "ing" to it?

  • For example, I am swimming

  • Mom told me this is a progressive tense

  • You liar!

  • Uh lil Ray, don't lose control

  • Indeed, gerunds are sometimes mixed up with other identical words

  • Take your question for example

  • The "swimming" in "I am swimming"

  • is a progressive tense indeed

  • It's a genuine verb!

  • Teacher teacher, how do I know when it's a verb

  • when it's a noun?

  • They look exactly the same!

  • Lil Ray, it's easy

  • If it's a progressive tense

  • there must be a be verb in front as an auxiliary verb

  • such as "is, are, am"

  • So "I am swimming" is a progressive tense

  • Teacher, what about swimming pool?

  • Is it also a gerund?

  • Hey lil Ray you really have so many questions

  • but you still asked a good one

  • The "swimming" in "swimming pool" is neither a noun nor a verb

  • It's an

  • adjective

  • What!

  • All the questions above are related to the part of speech and a word's role in a sentence

  • Take a look at "swimming pool." "Swimming" is before "pool"

  • It's called a "present participle"

  • You don't have to understand this

  • But basically

  • It serves as an adjective to further explain the noun after it, pool

  • Gerunds, as the name implies, serve as "nouns" in a sentence

  • So basically, the positions for nouns can be filled in with gerunds

  • So today I'm gonna introduce

  • the 3 positions of a sentence you can put a gerund in

  • that is, the subject, the object, and the complement

  • First, take what Crown usually says for example

  • "I'm hungry" 我餓了

  • (Hey~ I did not!)

  • So here, "I" is a noun, serving as the subject of the sentence

  • Let's take a look at an example when a gerund serves as the subject of the sentence

  • The "smoking" here is the subject of the sentence

  • The "eating too much" here

  • is a gerund phrase, serving as the subject of the sentence

  • Then let's take a look at the object position

  • Take what I usually say for example

  • "My sister ate all the food" 我的妹妹把食物都吃光了

  • (Hahaha! I DID NOT!)

  • I'm hungry too! She always eats all the food!

  • The "food" here is a noun, also called the object, because in this sentence it receives the action

  • Next let's take a look at some examples where a gerund serves as the object of the sentence

  • The gerund "teaching English" here is the object of the sentence

  • The gerund "waking up early" is the object of the sentence

  • Next we have another kind of object, which is called the object of the preposition

  • Basically it's a noun after the preposition

  • Like "in this house," the "house" here is the object of the preposition

  • No matter how complicated its name seems

  • as long as it's a noun, it can be replaced by a gerund

  • So now let's take a look at an example where a gerund serves as the object of the preposition

  • Please don't roast me. I'll cry

  • The "making you laugh" here is the object of the preposition, at

  • Just kidding, you don't have to pay

  • The gerund "watching my videos" here is the object of the preposition, for

  • The last one is more difficult, nouns serving as the complement

  • What is a complement?

  • A complement further explains other words

  • It can be a noun or an adjective

  • But today we'll focus on the noun form

  • Here's a simple example

  • Ray is a...

  • How do we say "YouTuber" in Mandarin?

  • 你...你管人,你管人

  • Ray is a "你管人"

  • Alright, the "YouTuber" here is a noun, serving as a complement to modify the subject in front, Ray

  • which means Ray is equal to a YouTuber

  • Since a complement can be a noun, it can also be a gerund

  • Here are some examples

  • The gerund "interacting with my fans" here is a complement

  • modifying the subject, "what I like as a YouTuber"

  • As a side note

  • Although there is a be verb "is" before "interacting"

  • it's not a progressive tense!

  • The "is" here is not an auxiliary verb. It's a verb

  • Also, "interacting" isn't a progressive action. It just means this matter

  • Here are some examples

  • (Bullsh*t XD !!!)

  • The gerund "eating my food" here is a complement modifying the object, Crown

  • She ate my food

  • The gerund "being with you" here is a complement modifying the adjective, happy

  • The above is the entire observation journal of gerunds

  • This creature is extremely complex!

  • Hope you guys have a better understanding of gerunds after watching this video

  • Last, I have 2 tips for you

  • First, basically we can put a gerund where we put a noun

  • namely the subject, the object, and the complement positions

  • Second, gerunds, progressive verb forms, present participles

  • sometimes look the same, so don't be mixed up

  • Teacher, I just fell asleep. Can you explain it again?

  • Watch the video one more time

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  • you can click the subscribe button here to subscribe to my channel!

  • We have new videos up every Mon and Thurs at 9 PM

  • Have you watched Crown's video last Thursday?

  • That's right. Our new policy is

  • Ray will host the videos on Mondays

  • and my sister, Crown, will host the videos on Thursdays

  • I believe you guys all love it

  • But I know you'd prefer Ray's videos on Mondays

  • (Ahaha of course not~) Right? Right!?

  • Either way

  • you can still see Crown's new video on Thursday

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  • You can find me by typing in 阿滴英文 or Ray Du English

  • And that is a wrap, thank you guys for watching, as always

  • and I'll catch you guys next time! See ya!

Hello it's Ray

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B1 US object noun complement swimming sentence preposition

// Understanding Gerunds v-ing

  • 475 18
    Joane posted on 2019/07/21
Video vocabulary