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[CLOCK TICKING]
[THEME MUSIC]
CARL AZUZ: Thank you for
budgeting time for "CNN 10."

I'm Carl Azuz and budgeting
is the first topic

we're tackling this Tuesday.
In Washington DC,
President Donald Trump

has released his budget
proposal for the year 2020.

The government's budget
involves trillions of dollars.

The vast majority of its
revenue comes from taxes.

The budget's a blueprint for how
the government plans to spend

that and what the difference
is between its revenue

and expenditure.
For years, under Republican
and Democratic administrations,

the government has spent much
more money than it takes in.

President Trump's proposal
includes reductions in what

the government plans to spend--
$2.7 trillion in cuts to
most federal agencies.

The White House says it's the
biggest spending reduction

in presidential history.
But it would still take 15 years
under this plan for the budget

to balance, meaning that
what the government spends

is equal to what it takes in.
According to TheHill.com,
the Environmental Protection

Agency, the State Department,
Housing and Urban Development,

and federal Agriculture
and Education Departments

would all see reductions
in their funding,

while defense spending
would increase

and programs that help veterans
modernize government technology

and fight the nation's
opioid epidemic

would receive more money.
The budget proposal
sets aside $8.6 billion

for border security.
That includes the
wall or barrier

the president has
promised to build

between the US and Mexico.
That's something
that's generally

supported by Republicans,
who control the Senate.

They say the president's
proposal has no surprises

and that it's a good first
step in the budgetary process.

A border wall is
generally opposed

by Democrats, who control
the House of Representatives.

They say the president's
proposal is irresponsible

and that it has no chance
of passing in the House.

No president's
budget has ever been

adopted by Congress, though.
It shows the
president's priorities

for where the money should go,
but because Congress controls

the purse strings, the two
chambers could debate, change,

and revise the plan for
months before a compromise is

sent to the president's desk.
To South America now.
In the midst of
massive protests,

political upheaval, and
skyrocketing inflation,

the struggles of
many Venezuelans

recently got worse when
the power went out.

70% of Venezuela has
been without electricity

at some point since last week.
As the country's economic
crisis has gotten worse,

blackouts have become
increasingly common,

but one this big is rare.
President Nicolás Maduro
said the US was behind it.

He blames America for
sabotaging Venezuela's

network through a cyber attack.
Juan Guaidó, who's declared
himself the new leader

of Venezuela, says
that's nonsense

because the country's main
power plant isn't online.

He and the US say the quote,
"incompetence of Maduro's

government" is to blame.
Both Venezuelan leaders
have called for rallies

in the nation's capital.
PAULA NEWTON: Well, the piece of
good news comes from the lights

that you see behind me.
It seems that this
city, this country,

is just beginning to recover.
But the toll it has taken
already in a country

crippled by acute shortages of
food, medicine, and now this--

we have heard stories of so
many people just struggling

to survive, especially in those
hospitals that were already

facing so much adversity.
Today we heard from many,
many people who said, look,

the power must come back on.
We are running
out of everything.

We have spoiled food
in our homes and no way

to really figure
out how to get more

food and, quite
frankly, the money

to get more food into our homes.
Right now, the government
has said that Monday, again,

everyone should stay
home-- schools, businesses,

the government is closed.
People again will continue
to try and recover.

Politically, the
opposition still

continues to say this
was mismanagement

on the government's side.
President Maduro, though,
continuing to hold to his line,

saying that this
was indeed sabotage.

One thing is for sure--
the hydro system,

the electricity system
in this country,

is in dire need of repair.
And in the middle of
a drought, Venezuelans

know that while this
blackout may be over for now,

or at least
beginning to be over,

they know that they risk
more blackouts to come--

and of course, more struggles.
Paula Newton, CNN, Caracas.
CARL AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia.
Which of these private
spaceflight companies

was launched first?
Virgin Galactic, SpaceX, Blue
Origin, or Bigelow Aerospace?

[BEEPING]
These companies
are listed in order

from the youngest to the
oldest, with Bigelow having

been launched first in 1999.
It's been almost eight years
since a manned mission to space

took off from US soil.
American astronauts traveling to
the International Space Station

have taken a seat
aboard Russia's Soyuz

spacecraft, which cost
the US $81 million

per person per launch.
That could soon change, though.
As early as this summer,
private companies like SpaceX,

which receives billions in
funding from the US government,

could soon offer
trips to the ISS.

Those would cost 58
million per seat.

If and when that
becomes a reality,

though, organizations
other than NASA

might be willing to pay
to send people up there,

and the space station is only
really built for six at a time.

So another private
company is joining

the growing field
of those looking

to provide space solutions.
RACHEL CRANE: Meet Robert
Bigelow, a real estate

developer who made
his fortune building

a chain of low-cost motels.
Now he's looking to grow his
real estate empire off Earth.

I mean, to imagine
floating around in here,

do you envision tourists
also inhabiting these?

ROBERT BIGELOW: Absolutely.
RACHEL CRANE: He believes his
company, Bigelow Aerospace,

may have the solution to
our space housing problem--

expandable habitats.
All of this at one point
when it's first launched

is going to be
compacted into a--

ROBERT BIGELOW: Yes.
RACHEL CRANE: --really
small space and then expand

into this massive structure.
ROBERT BIGELOW: Right.
So it's squeezing a core and
then expansion takes place

around that core,
and now you have

the shape of your spacecraft.
RACHEL CRANE: How does
this thing actually expand

once it's launched into space?
ROBERT BIGELOW: We
just pump in gas and--

RACHEL CRANE: What kind of gas?
ROBERT BIGELOW:
Nitrogen and oxygen.

RACHEL CRANE: Because these
habitats start out deflated

and small, it makes them
easier and cheaper to launch

than metal structures.
ROBERT BIGELOW: The metal
alternatives for the ISS

have run into several
billions of dollars

to produce a habitat and four
or five years of construction.

RACHEL CRANE: You can do it
faster and cheaper, you say.

ROBERT BIGELOW: Absolutely.
RACHEL CRANE: It's
not just cheaper.

He says the 18-inch
walls of his habitats

will better protect us from
space debris and radiation.

Once it expands,
the B330 prototype

has the same volume as a
small three bedroom house

and their largest
model, the Olympus,

is twice the size of the
International Space Station.

What are these systems
going to be used for?

I mean, is this a space hotel?
Is this going to
be a space station?

ROBERT BIGELOW: What we're
doing is trying to create a sort

of generic facility, a habitat.
We want to be able to
entertain entities,

companies, space agencies.
RACHEL CRANE: What
you're describing

sounds like a landlord.
ROBERT BIGELOW: It is.
It basically is.
RACHEL CRANE: And the going
rate to lease 110 cubic meters

of volume for 60 days?
$25 million.
That may sound pricey, but
that's still a fraction of what

it costs now, and that's
because there are only two

habitable locations off Earth--
the International Space Station
and China's space station.

ROBERT BIGELOW: Up to now,
space is characterized

mostly by nations--
RACHEL CRANE: Right.
ROBERT BIGELOW:
--being able to only--

who owns to do various
kinds of things,

and it's been
prohibitively expensive.

We're trying to attack
both of those things.

RACHEL CRANE: And
it's that belief

in the impossible that drove
Bigelow to pursue his design.

- 10, 9--
RACHEL CRANE: Because
the technology

behind its inflatables
is something

NASA started toying
with in the '60s.

They dropped the idea because
the materials they were using

weren't strong enough.
ROBERT BIGELOW: We're trying
to size our ECLS systems

for six people as a max.
RACHEL CRANE: But
Bigelow saw promise.

He licensed the technology
from NASA in the '90s

and started his
aerospace company.

You've sunk about $200 million
of your own money into this.

ROBERT BIGELOW: Actually,
275, but who's counting?

RACHEL CRANE: Why sink all
this money into this seemingly

impossible task?
ROBERT BIGELOW: We don't
think it's impossible.

That's-- that's
the first premise,

is that-- because if we
did, we wouldn't attempt it.

We just think it's difficult.
RACHEL CRANE: This
isn't just an idea.

His company has already sent
two prototypes into orbit

and they have a contract
with NASA to test

one of its habitats on the ISS.
ROBERT BIGELOW: We're addicted
to that direction of space

and doing whatever we can.
RACHEL CRANE: To get us there.
ROBERT BIGELOW: Yeah.

RACHEL CRANE: And keep us there.
ROBERT BIGELOW: Right, right.

[ROCK MUSIC RIFF]
CARL AZUZ: The car
company that brought

the world the Beetle,
also known as the Bug,

may soon bring it the buggy--
the ID Buggy, with ID reportedly
standing for "iconic design."

It's just a concept at this
point, but it created a buzz--

get it-- at the
Geneva International

Motor Show last week.
And Volkswagen says
it might actually

produce the electric dune
buggy in small numbers

as a way of attracting
attention to VW's electric cars.

It only seats two, it
only has two doors,

and while it made
some fans bug-eyed,

others will want to
bug out when they begin

to adjust their compound eyes to
that bug-garish shade of green.

Does it bug you,
or have you been

bitten by the bug of
curiosity and want

to larva your Beetle behind
and metamorpha-downsize

to a wingless taxi?
I'm Carl Azuz for CNN.
[WHIMSICAL MUSIC]
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CNN 10 | CNN Student News | March 12 2019

2802 Folder Collection
Yukiko published on March 12, 2019
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