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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. It`s Monday. It`s Columbus Day.

  • We`ll have more on that coming up. It`s a new week of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • In the U.S., we talk about hurricanes.

  • In the Indian Ocean, these storms are called cyclones, and parts of India are recovering from the strongest cyclone to hit that country in 14 years.

  • Tropical Cyclone Phailin hit India`s eastern coast.

  • It was the equivalent of a category 4 hurricane.

  • At least 14 people were killed.

  • Before the storm hit, officials evacuated nearly a million people.

  • They say that effort helped limit the number of casualties.

  • Getting people back on their feet could be challenging.

  • The cyclone damaged property; it flooded highways; it knocked down trees and power lines.

  • In parts of the Pacific Ocean, cyclones are called typhoons, and at least 13 people were killed when Typhoon Nari hit the Philippines this weekend.

  • More than 43,000 people were forced out of their homes by that storm.

  • Back in the United States, some of the parks and monuments closed by the partial government shutdown are starting to reopen.

  • New York made a deal with the National Park Service to fund operations at the Statue of Liberty.

  • State and local funds will help reopen Grand Canyon National Park out in Arizona.

  • And in South Dakota, Mount Rushmore is set to reopen first thing this morning thanks to a similar deal.

  • But there was no deal in Washington this weekend on either the shutdown or the debt ceiling.

  • That deadline is just three days away, and there is talking between the White House, the Republican-led House of Representatives and the Democratic-led Senate.

  • There is also some serious finger pointing.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Lawmakers scurrying out of Washington even though there is no deal in place to end the partial government shutdown and avoid a possible default this week.

  • REP. STEVE SOUTHERLAND, R-FLORIDA: My staff has every plane ready, every plane flight on our schedule.

  • We`re ready to come back as soon as there is a vote.

  • SEN. DAN COATS, R-INDIANA: This thing is so fluid and so many things are changing. All I know is we got a president who does not want to negotiate.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Perhaps a hint of defensiveness with talks between the White House and House Republicans having collapsed and both sides blaming each other.

  • Now all eyes on the Senate and whether Majority Leader Harry Reid and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell can work out a compromise.

  • SEN. HARRY REID, D-NEV., and MAJORITY LEADER: The conversations were extremely cordial, but very preliminary, of course.

  • Nothing conclusive.

  • But I hope that our talking gives some solace to the American people and the world.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: But Reid is still sticking firm to key Democratic demands.

  • REID: They`re not doing us a favor by opening the government, reopening the government.

  • They`re not doing us a favor by extending the debt ceiling.

  • Those - that`s part of our jobs.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Meantime, Republicans accuse the president of pulling a bait and switch.

  • REP. JOHN FLEMING, R-LOUISIANA: The president apparently was not negotiating in good faith.

  • All he`s really said is, whatever you offer, I`m not interested in it.

  • He`s hoping to cut a deal with the Senate, which would I think be a terrible deal, to undermine the house.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for the shoutout.

  • The Swat Valley is located in what country?

  • If you think you know it, then shout it out.

  • Is it in Egypt, France, Pakistan or the United States?

  • You got 3 seconds, go.

  • The Swat Valley is in the northern part of Pakistan.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • AZUZ: Malala Yousafzai was 10 years old when the Taliban arrived in the Swat Valley and started imposing its harsh rules.

  • For example, no girls allowed in school.

  • Malala became a target after she spoke out for education rights.

  • She is still speaking out, and in an interview with CNN`s Christiane Amanpour, Malala talked about the attack on her life and about her cause, which she says a bullet could never end.

  • MALALA YOUSAFZAI, ACTIVIST: He asked, who is Malala?

  • He did not give me time to answer his question.

  • And my friend told me, my best friend, Maniba (ph), that at that time, you just squeezed my hand, and you just pushed it with force,

  • and you do not say anything, and then in the next few seconds, he fired two bullets.

  • One bullet hit me, the left side of my forehead, just above here, and it went down through my neck and into my shoulder.

  • And I think I was hit by only one bullet, and it also affected my eardrum, so now I have problem in listening as well.

  • It also cut down my facial nerve.

  • But still, if I look at it, it`s a miracle.

  • My brain is saved, my spinal cord is safe, everything is fine, I am alive, and I still can talk. I can smile.

  • So I thank God for that.

  • Before the terrorists, we were going to school.

  • It was just a normal life, getting a heavy bag (ph) and doing homework daily, and being good and getting high marks.

  • We could not understand what we are doing, why are we going to school.

  • But then later on, when the terrorists came, when they stopped us from going to school, I got the evidence,

  • and they showed me a proof that, yes, the terrorists are afraid of education, they are afraid of the power of education.

  • And if a woman gets education, then she becomes more powerful.

  • And we all know that the terrorists are afraid of the power of women as well.

  • So now, at that time, we realized that yes, education is important, because it was snatched from us.

  • So I would like to tell every girl in UK and America, in the countries, in the developed countries where education is available to them, go to schools,

  • and realize its importance before it is snatched from you, as we have been suffering from that situation.

  • AZUZ: Today`s roll call starts with two northern neighbors before we head down to the Gulf. Let`s go to the map.

  • Call it the Peace Garden State, the Flickertail state, the Roughrider state.

  • We call it North Dakota, home of the Vikings from Kindred High.

  • Right next door is Montana, where the Sidney Eagles are checking out CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • And finally, we hit the capital of Louisiana, Baton Rouge, to say hello to the Panthers from Woodlawn High School.

  • He sailed the ocean blue in 1492.

  • Of course, he mistook the Caribbean for Asia, but leading the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria, Christopher Columbus did traverse the Atlantic,

  • and for that, he got his own holiday on the second Monday in October.

  • Columbus was Italian, so some folks celebrate Italian American heritage on Columbus Day.

  • One view is that Columbus was a heroic explorer, bridging Europe with the Americas.

  • Another view looks at the effects that later had on those native to North and South America,

  • the diseases brought from Europe, the destruction of some Native Americans` way of life.

  • That`s part of the reason why different celebrations in parts of Latin America, like Dia De La Raza (ph), leave out Columbus himself.

  • La`Shanda Jones got interested in the U.S. Coast Guard when she was in college.

  • Jones says that when she was growing up, she was used to people telling her what she couldn`t do.

  • That that gave her more motivation to succeed.

  • Now she`s a lieutenant, and she`s breaking ground in the sky.

  • LT. LA`SHANDA JONES, U.S. COAST GUARD: It`s a dream job. Flying, how cool is that?

  • The power within to me means that I know where I came from, and I appreciate it.

  • It means that I can go out and run a mission and be confident and be direct.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Meet Lieutenant La`Shanda Jones. She`s the first black female helicopter pilot in the United States Coast Guard.

  • But her story could have turned out much differently.

  • When she was 2, her mother committed suicide, forcing her to live in a home that would later turn out to be abusive.

  • JONES: The Department of Social Services took me from my home and put me in foster care.

  • At that time, I was just turning about 16 years old, and it`s hard to find placement for kids when you`re that age.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Despite the odds, La`Shanda graduated at the top of her high school class.

  • She then went on to attend Spellman College in Atlanta, and eventually became interested in the Coast Guard.

  • JONES: Primarily, we do search and rescue. Flying is an inherently dangerous job.

  • The pilot in command is responsible for the safe and efficient mission completion.

  • I wish my mother was here. I with a lot of things were different,

  • but at the end of the day, I am very proud for the woman that I had been allowed to become.

  • AZUZ: Magicians may not like to share tricks of the trade, but the one in this YouTube video is happy to share tips of the trade.

  • He starts by offering delivery drivers five singles, then he makes a little presto change-o, and ends up handing them five 20s.

  • That`s $100 tip. The sleight of hand is not taken slightly.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You know how it works, so there you go.

  • 20, 40, 100 bucks.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That`s awesome. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yeah, it is pretty awesome.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (inaudible). UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Oh, no, don`t - I`m sure you can use it.

  • AZUZ: If you want your magic tricks to get noticed, putting them on social media will definitely tip people off.

  • So no matter how you slice it, that`s notoriety for the tipper.

  • And for the pizza delivery guys, just a little extra dough.

  • It`s going to eat up all our time for the day, but we`ll reappear tomorrow, just like magic. See you all then.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. It`s Monday. It`s Columbus Day.

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October 14, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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