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  • Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "5 Common New

  • English Learner Mistakes". So in this lesson, I'll be looking at mistakes that I have heard

  • in my time as a teacher from students from various parts of the world. So these are mistakes

  • that are made by Spanish speakers, Portuguese speakers, German speakers, Korean speakers,

  • and they might apply to you as well. These are mistakes that kind of cross over and that

  • are very common. So let's start with the first one. Let's look at No. 1.

  • Okay, so this is, actually, a double mistake that I commonly hear when you're discussing

  • a subject and you want someone to give you an opinion on something. So for example, "Do

  • you prefer Coke or Pepsi?" Or "Do you prefer this or that?" And some people will say, "Well,

  • it's depend." Or "Hmm, it depends of (...)" So "It depends of the season." "It depends of

  • the person." "It depends of the society or the country" or something like this. So what

  • is wrong with this? Well, we don't say, "it's depend". We say "it depends", "it depends".

  • Okay? So we don't say, "it's depend". The correct form is: "it depends". And for this,

  • this is okay: "it depends", right? The only problem is the preposition that you're using.

  • We don't say "of" in English; we say "it depends on", okay? So "it depends on the person."

  • "It depends on the country." "It depends on the time of day." Whatever topic you're discussing.

  • Okay, guys, let's move on to No. 2. So for the second one, this is, actually,

  • a verb choice error, and maybe languages, when you talk about eating, you use the verb

  • "take". So you can "take a Coke", or "take your coffee in the morning", or you "take

  • breakfast", "take dinner". In English, it's a little different. So here, we have two sentences.

  • The first one says: "I took a coffee this morning." Now, when you look at it, maybe

  • you went to a coffee shop, and you say, "Yeah, I will take a coffee." Okay. Not too much

  • wrong with that. That's okay. However, when you're talking about the act of drinking the

  • coffee, we use the verb "have" in English. Okay? So you didn't "take" a coffee; you say

  • "I had" in the past, right? "I had a coffee this morning." Same thing for the second one.

  • So this one says: "I take dinner around six." Well, in English, we don't really say, "I

  • take dinner around six." We say, "I have dinner", okay? So when you're talking about food, you

  • "have breakfast", "have lunch", "have dinner", "have coffee". You "have pizza". You "have

  • a sandwich". Anything to do with food, use the verb "have". Now, let's move on to No.3.

  • Okay, so this one is, actually, a preposition

  • error, and it's when people use "for" when they mean to use an infinitive. So for example,

  • "I use it for go to work." Imagine you have a car, and people ask you, "What do you use

  • your car for?" You know, do you drive around a lot, or you say, "No, no. I only use it

  • to go to work", right? So we don't say "for go", we use "to go". Now, why do we do this?

  • Well, when you have a verb and you follow that verb with either a pronoun or an object

  • of some kind, the verb afterwards has to be an infinitive, okay? So also, if you look

  • down here, "I need glasses for read." Well, we know it's "to read". And: "She ran for

  • catch the bus." "She ran to catch the bus." Again, there are some verbs, as you know,

  • which are only followed by gerunds, some verbs which are only followed by infinitives. So

  • here, if you want to have a verb and you want to use another verb, another action after

  • that verb -- so "she ran to catch the bus" -- it has to be a gerund or infinitive. An

  • "infinitive" is "to" plus the base verb, okay? So don't say, "I use it for do", "for do something."

  • "I use it to do something." "I need glasses to read", not "for read". Okay? So if you

  • ever have, you know, the desire to have a verb plus another action, either use a gerund

  • or in this case, it's not "for do something", it's "to do" something. All right, guys. Let's

  • look at No. 4. So this one is, actually, an adjective choice

  • error, and it's the difference between -ing and -ed adjectives. So when you feel something

  • internally, inside -- it's a personal feeling -- you should be using an -ed adjective, not

  • an -ing adjective. So all three examples on the board here are, actually, incorrect. So

  • the first one says, "I am exciting about that." So if you have, like, high interest in something

  • that's coming up, like a concert, you are not exciting about it; you are excited,

  • all right? You say, "I am excited." It's an internal feeling, okay? The second one, "He is interesting

  • in music." You want to say that he has interest in music. So "He is interested"; "he is personally

  • interested"; "he has an internal interest." And finally, "I feel so boring." This means

  • that you are a boring person, and other people think you are boring, you are not interesting,

  • which is not a good thing to say about yourself. So you say, "Oh, my goodness, I feel so bored."

  • Okay? "I'm bored." That's it. Okay, guys, so again, if it's internal, it's an -ed adjective.

  • If it's external, it's -ing. So you say, "I am excited because the class is exciting."

  • "I am interested because the movie is interesting." So let's move on to the last one, No. 5.

  • This final one is, actually, the difference between "it is" and "is". Now, I know in many

  • languages, you can start a sentence, a statement, with "is". In English, you can start a question

  • with "is", a yes/no question, no problem. "Is it cold today?" "Is he here?" "Is it easy?

  • Like, is it an easy test?" Okay? However, when you make a statement, you cannot say

  • "is good", "is easy", "is not a problem". You have to say "it is". In English, you need

  • the subject, okay? So for these, we don't say "is good"; we say "It's good!" "It's easy!"

  • "It's not a problem!" Okay? And all of these mean "it is", "it is", "it is". So not "is

  • good"; "It's good". Not "is easy"; "It's easy". Not "is not a problem"; "It's not a problem".

  • All right, guys, so let's review these five common new English learner mistakes.

  • Okay, so No. 1: We say, "it depends" or "it depends on". We don't say "it's depend" or

  • "it depends of". No. 2: We say, "I'm having sushi for dinner"; not "I'm taking sushi",

  • okay? So anything with food, use the verb "have". No. 3: "I visit EngVid to improve

  • my English". Not "for improve", but "to improve". And No. 4: "I am excited about that"; not

  • "I am exciting for that." If it's internal, you are "excited"; you are "interested"; you

  • are "bored"; you are "horrified". Okay? And finally: "It's fantastic", not "is fantastic".

  • If you'd like to test your understanding of these five very common new English learner

  • mistakes, as always, you can check out the quiz on www.engvid.com. And don't forget to

  • subscribe to my YouTube channel. Thanks, guys.

Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "5 Common New

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A2 US depends infinitive learner adjective excited depend

5 Common English Learner Mistakes

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    VoiceTube posted on 2013/10/14
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