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  • Hello I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

  • So tell me, do you know how to pronounce these words?

  • Really?

  • How do you know?

  • These words are nouns but they're also verbs.

  • And they're pronounced differently

  • depending on the type of word that they are.

  • So right now it's impossible to know how to pronounce

  • these words correctly.

  • The great news is that there are some simple rules

  • that will help you to pronounce these words correctly

  • when you do use them. Yeah.

  • Simple English rules!

  • Yes!

  • And I'll go over them with lots of examples

  • during this lesson today.

  • But first, let me explain why word stress

  • is important in spoken English.

  • English is a stressed language. Words are stressed

  • when spoken because they're important.

  • So when we speak, we speak those words more clearly.

  • They're the important words, they must be heard

  • for the sentence to be understood.

  • But if the word has more than one syllable,

  • there will be one syllable that is pronounced

  • more clearly than the others - at least one.

  • Syllables are stressed differently

  • and it's actually a really important part of speech

  • so it's something you need to know.

  • Not only does word stress give English its rhythm,

  • but it also helps native speakers to identify words.

  • If you use the wrong word stress in English, you could

  • be pronouncing a completely different word

  • than the one you mean to.

  • And that can be pretty confusing

  • for someone listening to you.

  • And when you're listening to a native English speaker,

  • recognising what words are stressed will help

  • you to understand the meaning more easily too.

  • So if you've been telling yourself that word stress

  • doesn't matter, think again.

  • As I said, there are some simple rules that I'll teach you

  • in this lesson today to help you to correctly

  • and confidently stress words in English.

  • So let's get our words back on screen.

  • So you'll notice that all of these words have

  • two syllables.

  • Now as a general rule most two-syllable English nouns

  • are stressed on the first syllable.

  • It's a general rule but it's true most of the time.

  • By the way, that's also true for adjectives,

  • most two-syllable adjectives are stressed

  • on the first syllable too.

  • And most two-syllable verbs

  • are stressed on the second syllable.

  • There are exceptions but this is true most of the time

  • and that my friends, is a really useful pronunciation tip.

  • Nouns. Verbs.

  • Easy!

  • Let's look a little more closely at the first word.

  • As a noun, the stress is on the first syllable.

  • As a verb, the stress is on the second syllable.

  • So listen.

  • Can you hear the difference there?

  • Say it with me. See if you can pronounce the difference.

  • Now specifically,

  • word stress affects the vowels in English.

  • It's the vowel sounds that are different

  • when you are stressing and unstressing syllables.

  • Stress syllables have a stronger vowel sound

  • while unstressed syllables reduce down.

  • And you'll notice this through all of the examples

  • that I teach in this lesson.

  • So while you master the pronunciation of

  • stressed syllables today,

  • you'll also practise vowel reductions

  • for all the unstressed syllables too.

  • As the value of the stock decreased,

  • we noticed a decrease in revenue.

  • The same stress pattern is used for 'increase' as well.

  • One really great way to practise the correct

  • pronunciation of English words

  • is by listening to audiobooks while you're reading

  • the actual physical book.

  • You'll learn lots of new words in context

  • and hear the correct pronunciation too.

  • You've heard me talk about Audible before

  • because I love listening to books.

  • I can do it anywhere, while I'm running, while I'm driving,

  • I'm on the train.

  • Or I'm doing really mundane tasks like grocery shopping

  • And listening to your favourite English books is such a

  • great way to improve your listening

  • and your speaking skills.

  • So sign up to Audible using the link in the description

  • below and you'll get your first audiobook absolutely free!

  • I've recommended a few books in the description

  • as well so make sure you check them out

  • and let me know what you think.

  • Next example.

  • The vowel sound is strong in the stressed syllable,

  • remember?

  • And then the vowel sound

  • in the unstressed syllable reduces.

  • We forgot to bring her birthday present.

  • We will present the findings to the professor tomorrow.

  • There was a strange glowing object above the stage.

  • If you object to our decisions,

  • you need to suggest alternatives.

  • Our football players are all rejects from other teams.

  • My boss will probably reject our suggestion

  • to have our monthly meeting at the pub.

  • Probably, but it's worth the shot.

  • They signed the contract yesterday.

  • The villages may contract the virus

  • by drinking water from the river.

  • Do you have any idea what's causing the conflict?

  • The neighbour's story conflicts

  • with the story that Paul gave us.

  • There's lots of fresh produce available at the market.

  • Can you produce any evidence that proves

  • you're innocent?

  • Now some native English speakers pronounce the

  • stressed vowel there slightly differently

  • but it's always stressed.

  • Do you know if they've received government

  • funding for that project?

  • During the celebrations, the community projected

  • historical photos on the church building.

  • Do you keep a record of the number of tourists

  • that visit this place each year?

  • You need to visit the police station

  • so that they can record your details.

  • Peter runs a business that collects refuse

  • from local cafes and businesses.

  • 'Refuse' is a more formal way of saying

  • rubbish or garbage.

  • The protesters are refusing to exit the building.

  • Okay we've been through plenty of examples here

  • but there are many more examples

  • of these types of words

  • where the noun and the verb are

  • spelled exactly the same

  • but pronounced differently.

  • Can you think of any others?

  • Gosh I'm thinking of so many already like

  • If you can think of any others, then please

  • add them into the comments under this video.

  • Try to write a sentence with these words.

  • If you do that and everyone else does that,

  • we'll end up with hundreds of sentences

  • to practise with together.

  • So write your sentence and then practise saying it

  • out loud.

  • You have to practise out loud because

  • stress is only important in spoken English.

  • I hope you enjoyed the lesson. If you did,

  • make sure you tell me, give it a like

  • and subscribe to my channel.

  • Come and join me and my mmmEnglish learners.

  • We practise here together every week.

  • Keep practising your spoken English in

  • either of these two videos here and

  • I'll see you in the next lesson!

Hello I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

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B1 AU syllable stressed stress word stress practise vowel

Word Stress in English | How to Pronounce...

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    蔡天羽 posted on 2018/10/12
Video vocabulary