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  • Childbearing seems to be in the decrease globally in the developed world.

  • While we have niche dating apps on our cell phones to net a potential date and perhaps

  • embark on a relationship, younger generations tend to miss out on the next steps of marriage

  • and having babies.

  • Thus many nations are recording lower birth-rate figures, and nowhere is this more noticeable

  • than in Japan.

  • But is it just the lack of marriages that is responsible for the drop of 1 million people

  • in Japan's population statistics?

  • Or are other factors at play?

  • From social anxiety, to sex robots, and an aging population, in today's episode of

  • the Infographic's Show we ask: why is Japan's population decreasing?

  • Following decades of speculation about its aging population and low birth rate, Japan

  • released an official census to show her decreasing population in 2015.

  • Now, in 2018, the population seems to continue to decrease.

  • A census in 2010 counted the population at 128 million.

  • This figure is also Japan's peak population figureit has never risen above this number.

  • In 2015, the population was 127 million, making the country the tenth-most populous country

  • at the time.

  • The latest count, according to worlometers.com, is 127,159,185.

  • In eight years, the population has shrunk by almost a million people.

  • This is the first time in the country's history that the population has shrunk.

  • The figures around the Second World War show a decrease, but this is mainly due to the

  • displacement of men stationed abroad on military duties during those years.

  • There seem to be three main reasons behind Japan's decrease in people.

  • Firstly, Japan's birth rate has dropped considerably.

  • Secondly, the country has little in the way of immigration to make up that deficit.

  • And thirdly, Japan has one of the highest life expectancy rates in the world.

  • If you are born in Japan, you can be expected to live to the ripe old age of 85 years, according

  • to 2016 statistics.

  • So less people are being born, people are generally living longer, and not many people

  • from outside countries migrate to Japan.

  • Japan had a population density in 2011 of 336 people per square mile.

  • It ranks as the 35th most densely populated country in the world.

  • 75% of Japan's land is made up of mountains, with a forest cover range of 68.5%.

  • Therefore, 90.7% of Japanese people live in the cities.

  • 2012 data recorded by the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research

  • indicates that Japan will keep decreasing by approximately one million each year in

  • the approaching decades, leaving Japan with a population of 42 million in the year 2110.

  • In 2060, they have predicted that 40% of the population will be aged over 65 years.

  • Currently, 20% of the population are aged 65 and older.

  • So Japan is set to become a country for old men and women.

  • For a country to sustain growth, a birth rate of 2.1 is required, but Japan's birth rate

  • stands at about 1.4.

  • So why aren't Japanese people having children?

  • Well, a 2013 survey suggested that one-third of Japanese people don't see the point of

  • marrying and having children.

  • Historically, marriage has been encouraged.

  • Recently, however, the country has experienced a shift in social standards with more and

  • more singletons choosing to remain that way.

  • The magazine Joshi!

  • Spa! conducted a survey on the merits of marriage and discovered that 33.5% of the 37,610 surveyed

  • didn't see any point in tying the knot.

  • One survey subject noted, “If you are single, you can use your money exactly as you like,

  • and no matter how much you spend on your hobbies or interests, no one will complain, and you

  • can live at your own pace.

  • But if you get married, all that disappears, so I really want to ask, honestly, is there

  • any merit to getting married?”

  • The survey showed the largest age group who were not interested in getting hitched at

  • 40.5% were in their 30s, but teens were also hesitant, with 38% of teens having no interest

  • in getting married.

  • Cultural change is partly the reason for this population decrease and lack of baby-making.

  • Previous generations bore children in their mid to late 20s, while the current generation

  • wait until they have a solid career.

  • Japanese people nowadays tend to have kids in their 30s rather than their 20s.

  • More Japanese women have a career nowadays, so the traditional family model has changed

  • in Japan - as it has in most developed countries around the world.

  • There is also a tradition of women looking for men who are in full time employment with

  • strong careers.

  • Many of the men in these positions are no longer looking to provide for others.

  • There is definitely a lone wolf philosophy emerging.

  • Men and women seem to be content choosing their own paths and providing for themselves.

  • Then we have what the Japanese call Sekkusu Shinai Shokogun orcelibacy syndrome.”

  • The under 40s in Japan seem to be losing interest not just in marriage but in relationships

  • in general.

  • Millions of Japanese don't date, and can't be bothered with personal contact.

  • The number of single people recorded in a 2011 survey numbered 61% of unmarried men

  • and 49% of women who were not in any kind of relationship.

  • Another study found that a third of people under the age of 30 had never dated at all.

  • The Japan Family Planning Association discovered that 45% of women aged 16-24 “were not interested

  • in or despised sexual contact.”

  • Over a quarter of men were equally squeamish when it comes to matters of the opposite sex.

  • Japanese sex therapist Ai Aoyama said in a Guardian article of October 2013 that Japan's

  • great cities arespiraling away from each otherand that people are turning to what

  • she termsPot Noodle Love” – easy or instant gratification.

  • This might be a casual sexual hook-up in a love hotel.

  • Or, more frequently, a technological fix in the shape of online pornography, virtual-reality

  • 'girlfriends,' or sex dolls.

  • Ai Aoyama goes on to explain that some of her clients are recovering from hikikomori

  • (or reclusion.)

  • Some have become otaku (aka geeks) and others parasaito shingurus (or parasite singles.)

  • Of the estimated 13 million unmarried people in Japan who live with their parents, about

  • 3 million of those are above the age of 35.

  • The 40-year-old virgin is a real concept in Japan.

  • “A few people can't relate to the opposite sex physically or in any other way.

  • They flinch if I touch them,” Aoyama explains.

  • She goes on further to tell the reporter that most of those who suffer from this incredible

  • shyness are men, but she is starting to see more women terrified of the opposite sex,

  • as well.

  • Are you one of these men? How about creating a website telling the world how wonderful you are?

  • And what better way to do it than by using Wix.

  • Wix is the perfect platform to create any kind of hobby or professional website that you can think of.

  • Whether you need the website to show how cool you are or

  • you are looking to create a website for your own match-making bussiness, Wix has the solution for all of it.

  • Create that amazing website that you've been thinking about, and support the INFOGAPHICS show at the same time

  • by going to WIX.com/go/INFOGRAPHICS or by clicking the link in the description.

  • So, why do you think Japan's population is decreasing?

  • And are people around the world generally choosing not to have families?

  • Let us know your thoughts in the comments.

  • Also, be sure to check out our other video called Taboos Around the World!

  • Thanks for watching, and, as always, don't forget to like, share, and subscribe.

  • See you next time!

Childbearing seems to be in the decrease globally in the developed world.

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Japan's Population Problem

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    Samuel posted on 2018/09/11
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