Basic AU 184 Folder Collection
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Well hello! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!
Today I want to share an important tip
to help you improve your English pronunciation.
Actually, I'll share a couple of tips but they all relate
to the pronunciation of past tense regular verbs.
Now the spelling of regular verbs is easy!
You just take the regular verb and you add a D or an -ed
to the end of the infinitive form.
So some examples:
'want' becomes 'wanted'
'asked' becomes 'asked'
and 'rain' becomes 'rained'.
Or if the verb actually ends in a Y, then usually
we replace that Y with an I and then add -ed
'spied' and 'replied'
But the pronunciation of these simple verbs
is not quite that simple
but that's okay we're going to spend some time today
going over three simple rules
that you need to remember to help you pronounce
these verbs correctly.
But before we get started, I want to ask you a question.
Have you subscribed to the mmmEnglish channel yet?
Yes?
Awesome!
Make sure you let me know in the comments
so that I can give you a virtual high five
just to thank you for support.
If you haven't subscribed yet, it's so simple!
All you need to do is hit that red button just down there.
And one more thing, if you haven't watched my lesson
about irregular verbs yet,
I'm going to put it up here for you.
Since we're talking about regular verbs in this lesson,
it will be helpful to compare the pronunciation
between regular verbs and irregular verbs.
So check it out after you watch this lesson.
Okay past tense regular verbs.
So for regular verbs, the form is the same
in the past simple and the past participle forms.
Handy, right?
The first thing that you need to know
is that there are actually three different ways
to pronounce the -ed at the end of a past tense verb.
Three.
/ɪd/
/d/
and /t/
The good news is there are three simple rules
to remember that will help you to pronounce
these words correctly.
Firstly -ed can be pronounced as /ɪd/
so this is an unstressed vowel sound and it creates an
extra syllable which is always unstressed.
So the sound is short and it's low in pitch.
And it's pronounced like this when the regular verb,
in its infinitive form, ends in a T or a D sound.
'need' becomes 'needed'
'last' becomes 'lasted'
'plead' becomes 'pleaded'
'accept' becomes 'accepted'
'waste' becomes 'wasted'
and 'wait' becomes 'waited'
Okay so these ones are kind of simple,
the extra unstressed vowel sound makes them
quite easy to pronounce.
'waited'
'needed
The other two ways to pronounce the past tense
regular form don't include that vowel sound
which means that it doesn't create this extra syllable
and it does create a cluster of consonants
at the end of the word and as many of you know,
a cluster of consonants,
that's a group of consonants, can often be
really quite difficult to pronounce.
So let's take a closer look.
When a verb in its infinitive form ends in a voiced
consonant sound, we pronounce the -ed
at the end of the word as /d/
not /ɪd/
but /d/
There's no vowel sound there, right?
But what's a voiced consonant sound?
I can hear you asking.
Well I've already got a lesson that explains
this in more detail right here, but I'll give you
the short version right now.
These are the voiced consonant sounds.
/g/ as in good.
/l/ as in love.
/r/ as in red.
/v/ as in vet.
/z/ as in zoo.
/w/ as in well.
/n/ as in new.
/m/ as in mum.
/ŋ/ as in sing, the -ng at the end.
/ð/ as in this.
/ʒ/ as in vision.
And /dʒ/ as in jam.
Right so if the infinitive verb
ends in one of these sounds, then the -ed is pronounced
as /d/
'allow' ending in the /w/ voiced consonant sound
becomes 'allowed'
not 'allow-ed'.
No. This is a really, really common error.
It's not 'allow-ed'
but 'allowed'.
It's not 'sai-led'
but 'sailed'
'waved'
'rained'
'rubbed'
'loved'
'gazed'
'judged'
Okay so a quick note on my Australian accent.
In Australia, we don't pronounce
the final /r/ consonant sound
when it follows a vowel sound.
So this is the same
for standard British English pronunciation.
You can learn more about the differences in accents
in this video here where I talk about the differences
between American and British English.
But this difference in pronunciation, it doesn't affect
the pronunciation rules for past tense regular verbs
because vowel sounds are also voiced sounds
just like the /r/ sound.
So regardless of whether you pronounce the /r/ or not,
the -ed will be pronounced as a /d/ sound
like 'feared' and 'feared'.
That's again my excellent, excellent American accent
but this also means that if a regular verb
ends in a vowel sound like 'spy' for example,
then the -ed is pronounced as a /d/ as well.
'spied' not 'spy-ed'
Okay rule number three.
When a verb in it's infinitive form ends in an unvoiced
consonant sound, we pronounce the -ed as a /t/
so not /ɪd/, not /d/
but /t/
So that is an unvoiced sound.
So again there's no vowel sound, it's a single consonant
sound that is added to the end of the infinitive verb form
so some of the unvoiced consonant sounds are
/p/ in tape
/s/ in face
/ch/ in watch
/sh/ in wash
/f/ in laugh
Now this can be a little tricky when the verb form
already has a cluster of consonants at the end
like the /sk/ in 'ask' or the /ks/ in 'relax'
So 'ask' becomes 'asked',
'relax' becomes 'relaxed'
so these are a little tricky because they have
a crazy group of consonants at the end
that you've got to try and get your tongue around.
Okay a quick review before we practise.
If the verb in the infinitive form ends in the sound /t/
or /d/ it's pronounced /ɪd/
If the verb in the infinitive form ends in a voiced sound,
then the -ed is pronounced as /d/
And if the verb in it's infinitive form, ends in an
unvoiced sound,
then we pronounce the -ed as a /t/ sound.
If you want to improve your pronunciation and sound
more like a native English speaker,
then you really need to work on pronouncing
these past tense verbs correctly.
They're so simple and so common.
'wanted'
'needed'
'loved'
'sailed'
'asked'
'laughed'
Okay, so before we finish,
let's practise with a few sentences because it's easy
to practise these words when they're on their own, right?
It's much more of a challenge when spoken quickly
in a sentence, right?
Have you noticed the verbs here?
And have you been thinking about
the correct way to pronounce them?
'hated'
'wasted'
'starved'
She hated to see good food wasted while others starved
What verbs can you see there?
'waited'
'sailed'
'laughed'
'realised'
'escaped'
He waited until the ship sailed away
and then laughed when he realised he had escaped!
He waited until the ship sailed away
and then laughed when he realised he had escaped!
Last one.
'misjudged'
'seemed'
'phoned'
I think I misjudged his character.
He seemed pleasant and professional
when I phoned him yesterday.
I think I misjudged his character.
He seemed pleasant and professional
when I phoned him yesterday.
Well that's it for this lesson I'm afraid.
I hope that you've learned a couple of new
pronunciation tips and that you are feeling
more confident and sounding more natural
when you're using English.
To keep practising and improving
your English pronunciation, then come and try one of my
imitation lessons right here.
That's where you'll get to train by copying
a native English speaker as they speak.
And of course, subscribe to my channel just down here
if you haven't already
and I'll see you next week for another lesson.
Bye for now!
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3 Simple Pronunciation Tips Past Tense English Verbs

184 Folder Collection
蔡天羽 published on August 20, 2018
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