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  • Advanced product quality planning is a framework of procedures and techniques used to develop

  • products in industry, particularly the automotive industry. It is quite similar to the concept

  • of Design for Six Sigma. It is a defined process for a product development

  • system for General Motors, Ford, Chrysler and their suppliers. According to the Automotive

  • Industry Action Group, the purpose of APQP is "to produce a product quality plan which

  • will support development of a product or service that will satisfy the customer." The process

  • is described in the AIAG manual, www.aiag.org or 248-358-3003.

  • History Advanced product quality planning is a process

  • developed in the late 1980s by a commission of experts gathered from the 'Big Three' US

  • automobile manufacturers: Ford, GM and Chrysler. This commission invested five years to analyze

  • the then-current automotive development and production status in the US, Europe and especially

  • in Japan. At the time, the success of the Japanese automotive companies was starting

  • to be remarkable in the US market. APQP is utilized today by these three companies

  • and some affiliates. Tier 1 suppliers are typically required to follow APQP procedures

  • and techniques and are also typically required to be audited and registered to ISO/TS 16949.

  • This methodology is now being used in other manufacturing sectors as well.

  • The basis for the make-up of a process control plan is included in the APQP manual. The APQP

  • process is defined in the AIAG's APQP manual, which is part of a series of interrelated

  • documents that the AIAG controls and publishes. These manuals include:

  • The failure mode and effects analysis manual The statistical process control manual

  • The measurement systems analysis manual The production part approval process manual

  • The Automotive Industry Action Group is a non-profit association of automotive companies

  • founded in 1982. Main content of APQP

  • APQP serves as a guide in the development process and also a standard way to share results

  • between suppliers and automotive companies. APQP specifies three phases: Development,

  • Industrialization and Product Launch. Through these phases 23 main topics will be monitored.

  • These 23 topics will be all completed before the production is started. They cover such

  • aspects as: design robustness, design testing and specification compliance, production process

  • design, quality inspection standards, process capability, production capacity, product packaging,

  • product testing and operator training plan, among other items.

  • APQP focuses on: Up-front quality planning

  • Determining if customers are satisfied by evaluating the output and supporting continual

  • improvement APQP consists of five phases:

  • Plan and Define Program Product Design and Development Verification

  • Process Design and Development Verification Product and Process Validation and Production

  • Feedback Launch, Assessment & Corrective Action

  • There are five major activities: Planning

  • Product Design and Development Process Design and Development

  • Product and Process Validation Production

  • The APQP process has seven major elements: Understanding the needs of the customer

  • Proactive feedback and corrective action Designing within the process capabilities

  • Analyzing and mitigating failure modes Verification and validation

  • Design reviews Control special / critical characteristics.

  • See also ISO/TS 16949

  • QS9000 PFMEA

  • References

  • External links

Advanced product quality planning is a framework of procedures and techniques used to develop

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Advanced product quality planning

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    Dennis Jeng posted on 2018/02/22
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