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  • Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam.

  • In today's lesson we're going to talk about the Winter Olympics.

  • They're just around the corner, and I figured it's a good idea that you know what's going

  • on if you're interested in winter sports.

  • I'm going to tell you about the different events that you can watch, and what the different

  • words are that they're talking about on TV.

  • Okay?

  • Because this year the Olympics are in Pyeongchang, South Korea, which is the northern part of

  • South Korea, but not North Korea.

  • It's a little bit confusing.

  • The northern part of South Korea.

  • And all the regular events are there, so I'm going to walk you through them and make sure

  • you know which ones you like, which ones you want to watch, adjust your calendars, your

  • timetables because if you live in a different part of the world, you may have to watch them

  • during the night.

  • So, we're going to start with the events and then I'll give you some general Olympics' vocabulary.

  • Let's start with skating.

  • Okay?

  • We're going to...

  • There're different events for skating.

  • There's speed skating which happens around a long track, an oval track, and people basically

  • race each other; then there's short track speed skating-sorry-and basically this is

  • like a very short...

  • It's almost like a little circle, and you have five or six guys, and they just basically

  • have a race and they're trying to finish first; and whoever finished first, second, etc.,

  • they go on and they have a few rounds of this. Okay?

  • They have different rounds, and the winner of each one or the top two of each race go

  • to the next round, the next round until you have a final round, and then the winner gets

  • gold, second place gets silver, etc., or in bronze.

  • So, this is a very exciting event because there're always crashes, and they go around

  • really, really fast, and they're like...

  • Basically almost sideways because they're on their skates going around in a circle all

  • the time, very exciting to watch.

  • Then, of course, there's figure skating, which is one of the more...

  • One of the most popular events during the Winter Olympics.

  • There are men's, women's, and pairs figure skating, and I think there's also a dance

  • figure skating, it's a little bit different.

  • And basically they're on the rink, so the ice surface, or the...

  • The building they're in is the arena and the actual ice surface is called a rink.

  • And there they do all kinds of performances.

  • It's very acrobatic.

  • Now, you might hear all the different names of the movements they make, like double axel

  • and cow something, these I don't actually know because you have to actually know something

  • about figure skating, but you can just watch it.

  • It's very beautiful to watch, beautiful music and they wear their costumes.

  • Their costumes are just basically they create for themselves, they're custom-made costumes

  • you can call them, and they go around, they do all these acrobatic things.

  • There're two components to it, there's the technical and then there's the artistic.

  • So they do this on two occasions, and they get a scaled score, basically up to six or

  • five, 5.2, 5.5, etc., and whoever has the best score, obviously gets the gold medal.

  • And the one component is the technical where they have to do certain number of routines,

  • certain number of movements.

  • And the second one is artistic where they have to basically involve those movements,

  • but also according to the music, according to the style, etc.

  • Okay?

  • Very popular.

  • And of course they're wearing figure skates.

  • That's the only real equipment they need, except for their costumes.

  • Speed skaters, they wear a different type of skate.

  • It's a much longer blade, okay?

  • So they're basically on blade.

  • They're basically on, like, two or three milli-...

  • Or three or four millimetres of metal, that's all that's holding them up.

  • Very sharp edges to the blades, and that's what they go around on, etc.

  • Okay?

  • So, figure skating.

  • Skiing, that's another common and very popular sport in the Olympics.

  • All types of different events that involve skiing.

  • Alpine skiing is basically coming down a mountain, and there's a slalom, basically it's a very long...

  • They're on the slope of the mountain, and it's a very long course.

  • Okay?

  • And they come down and whoever has the best time...

  • So, there's two ways to do it, there's time and there's also races for different things,

  • but Alpine is usually time trial.

  • Now, there's cross-country skiing which is flat but long distance.

  • It's like a marathon for runners, except they're doing it on skis.

  • They're different types of skis.

  • Their boot...

  • Their ski boots are not tied down on the back so they can take steps, and they have much

  • longer poles than the race skiers.

  • Then there's the Nordic-combined.

  • The Nordic-combined is both Alpine and cross-country.

  • So sometimes they go down hills, and then sometimes they go across flat land, then down

  • hills, etc.

  • Now, there are mogul races.

  • Moguls are basically like bumps, and they go...

  • And they have to go between the bumps, over the bumps, and whoever does it the fastest

  • is the winner.

  • Sometimes there's a race, sometimes it's by time.

  • Okay? A biathlon.

  • So, a biathlon is a combination of cross-country skiing, so they go for like a couple of kilometres,

  • then they stop, and then they have rifles on their backs.

  • They take the rifle, they aim, they shoot at a target, they put the rifle back, cross-country

  • skiing some more, another rifle shot, another range, and targets, etc.

  • Then there's ski jumping.

  • Now, there's two types.

  • When they say ski jumping, basically this is the long jump.

  • So they're coming down a long ramp-okay?-and then they take off, and then they're, like,

  • flying like birds as far as they can, and they land and everything's good.

  • Then there's freestyle ski jumps, which means it's a very, very steep and short ramp, and

  • they jump, and they have to, like, upside down, summersaults, and twists, and all kinds

  • of interesting things.

  • That's the freestyle.

  • Then there's also snowboarding, which basically has the same events, obviously not cross-country,

  • it's only down hills.

  • And they have races and they have to qualify.

  • So they have all kinds of qualifying rounds, and then when they have the best of the best,

  • then they have races, and they have times, and they have to get the best time.

  • Now a lot of this, the qualifying is about trials.

  • So they have many rounds just to qualify, and then the official races begin, and then

  • the official time counts begin.

  • The equipment that they use for skiing or basically the skis, there're two skis that

  • they stand on, the two poles that they use.

  • And again, cross-country and Alpine are different.

  • And then they wear goggles, they wear boots, they usually wear helmets these days as well.

  • The snowboarders just wear...

  • Just use a snowboard, which is basically like just a long board, one board, both feet are on it.

  • The board is this way and they're facing...

  • They're horizontal or perpendicular to it, and then they go down and try to win.

  • Okay.

  • So that's the main events, now we're going to look at a couple more.

  • Okay, so now we're going to see the other events.

  • Now, the thing about the Winter Olympics, there are much fewer events...

  • A lot fewer events than the Summer Olympics, but they're very exciting events.

  • They're all very exciting because there's always something happening, there's always

  • some drama.

  • Unfortunately there's a lot of accidents, but they also...

  • That's part of the excitement, part of the fear of what can happen, especially when you're

  • talking about sledding.

  • Now, this is a very exciting sport.

  • You have bobsledding, luge, and skeleton.

  • Super, super dangerous sport, but very interesting to watch.

  • So, a bobsled or some... a bobsleigh, as...

  • However you want to say it, both are okay.

  • It basically looks like a big tube and the top...

  • It's hollow and open at the top, and four guys or two guys have to push it on the track.

  • They basically go down a track, but it's like a curved track like this, and they're going inside.

  • And it goes all the way down the mountain and they go really fast.

  • So this tube, it looks like a canoe a little bit, and it's on blades, long blades, and

  • they go down the ice, and they go like up and down, and really fast around all the curves

  • and stuff.

  • And the two or four guys, they push it down the track, once it starts getting to move

  • they have to jump inside, tuck in and start going down.

  • Very exciting.

  • And then there's a luge, which is one person with a shorter little tube or sled, is the

  • correct word, and they just do it by time.

  • So all of this is about time, whoever has the best time down the track is the winner.

  • Okay?

  • Now, skeleton, I personally think the people who do skeleton are a little bit crazy because

  • this is basically a flat sled, it's just a board on blades, on ice...

  • Like, basically long ice skates, right?

  • Just blades with a flat board, and they take it, and they run, they put it down, jump,

  • and they lie down flat on their stomachs, head first, and they go down the track, and

  • whoever has the best time.

  • Super dangerous, but very exciting to watch.

  • Okay?

  • Then there's, of course, the best event and this is the marquis event of the Olympics

  • because...

  • So we call it marquis, because this draws the most attention, this and figure skating

  • I would say are about equal.

  • Hockey is very popular in especially northern countries that have... that play hockey.

  • And they play on a rink, it's a much bigger rink...

  • If you watch NHL hockey, it's a much bigger rink, it's an international-size or Olympic-size

  • rink, and the national teams play.

  • And every child in these countries, like Canada, US, Sweden, Finland, etc., everybody grows

  • up wanting to play on a national hockey team and win the gold for their country.