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  • Hey, thanks for watching CNN 10. We hope your week is off to a good start and that it just

  • gets better. I`m Carl Azuz.

  • For the first time since U.S. President Donald Trump took office, North Korea has test-fired

  • a ballistic missile. And we start today by explaining

  • why that`s significant.

  • First, the launch. It was done on Sunday. Officials believe the weapon flew a few hundred

  • miles before it crashed into the Sea of Japan, also

  • known as the East Sea. It`s thought to be a medium range missile, one that could potentially

  • hit South Korea, but not the United States.

  • Then, there was the timing. The launch came as President Trump was hosting Japanese Prime

  • Minister Shinzo Abe in the U.S. Japan is an ally of both

  • America and South Korea, and all three of those nations are considered rivals of North

  • Korea. So, analysts say the North was trying to send a

  • warning to Japan not to get too friendly with the new American president.

  • Prime Minister Abe called the launch intolerable and he told North Korea to abide by international

  • law that it stop testing missiles. And President

  • Trump said the U.S. stands by Japan 100 percent.

  • Why does North Korea test-fire missiles? Experts say it`s partly to see how far the weapons

  • can fly and what they`re capable of. But also, to send

  • a message, to remind other countries that North Korea has these things and they get

  • media attention from around the world.

  • (BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

  • CHRISTIANE AMANPOUR, CNN CHIEF INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: We don`t know where the Trump

  • administration will place North Korea nukes on its list of

  • priorities. But one thing is for sure, that in seven or eight years, North Korea has made

  • lifts and bounds in terms of its nuclear capability and I`m

  • talking about nuclear weapons.

  • SUBTITLE: What next for Trump and North Korea?

  • AMANPOUR: What is most, most troubling for the United States is that North Korea is working

  • on long-range intercontinental ballistic missiles that

  • would be able to reach the United States and that would, once there`s a militarized warhead,

  • be able to carry a nuclear payload as far as the

  • United States.

  • This is an existential problem for the United States unlike any other that exists in the

  • world today.

  • We went to see the North Korean plutonium processing plant. Its only nuclear plant that

  • was known to the world, back in 2008 at Yongbyon.

  • It has taken at least nine years to get this visa.

  • What we saw there under the Bush administration efforts to close down that plant, to restrict

  • their nuclear weapons and nuclear program.

  • How many fuel rods are in the pond now?

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): About 1,600.

  • AMANPOUR: And then we went back, a few months later, to watch the cooling tower be blown

  • up as a physical demonstration of pulling back on their

  • nuclear program. Everything has changed in the years since then.

  • How will the president deal with it? What are the options?

  • War is not an option, according to all the analysts. You`re talking nuclear war if war

  • becomes the option.

  • So far, of course, diplomacy hasn`t worked, at least not enough.

  • U.S. relies on China to try to do its North Korean bidding. China will have to be convinced

  • by the United States that it will, the U.S., allow as

  • part of negotiations, the Kim dynasty to survive. That is the most important thing to the Kim

  • dynasty, and for China, it wants that as well

  • because it doesn`t want to see destabilization in the whole millions of millions of North

  • Koreans fleeing into China if the whole thing falls

  • apart.

  • And so, it`s going to take some very creative, out of the box diplomacy that there will be

  • no question of regime change, and therefore the best one

  • could hope for is some really robust arms control agreement.

  • (END VIDEOTAPE)

  • AZUZ: Explaining some new developments now concerning a controversial executive order

  • on refugees and immigrants entering the U.S. Part of

  • President Trump`s order tried to put a temporary 90-day ban on refugees from six countries

  • and an indefinite ban on refugees from Syria. These

  • weren`t considered countries of concern by former President Obama. He placed limited

  • restrictions on some travelers to these nations to address

  • the threat of terrorism.

  • President Trump`s order was broader though. He argued that a temporary ban on refugees

  • from these countries would help keep terrorists from entering

  • America. But the ban was blocked by a lower court and last Thursday, a federal appeals

  • court upheld that decision. That means the order would

  • stay blocked and that people from the affected countries could continue to enter America.

  • How did the court reach this decision?

  • (BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

  • LAURA JARRETT, CNN JUSTICE CORRESPONDENT: The judges rejected each and every one of

  • the arguments the Justice Department used to try to justify a

  • reinstatement of the ban, saying the government failed to prove why the travel ban was necessary

  • as an urgent national security the matter.

  • The judges wrote that "the government has pointed to no evidence that any alien from

  • any of the countries named in the order has perpetrated a

  • terrorist attack in the United States. Rather than present evidence to explain the need

  • for the executive order, the government has taken the

  • position that we must not review its decision at all. We disagree", the court wrote.

  • (END VIDEOTAPE)

  • AZUZ: It`s not the first time an appeals court ruled against the government on the issue

  • of immigration. An executive action by the Obama

  • administration concerning millions who were in the U.S. illegally was also rejected.

  • The Trump administration says it doesn`t plan to immediately appeal its case to the Supreme

  • Court. It may change its executive order or issue a

  • new one altogether.

  • (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

  • AZUZ (voice-over): Ten-second trivia:

  • Which of these animals has the longest gestation period?

  • White shark, polar bear, sea lion or stingray?

  • The gestation period for white sharks is believed to be 12 months or more, the longest time

  • period on this list.

  • (END VIDEO CLIP)

  • AZUZ: We say "believed to be" because the white shark or the great white is pretty mysterious

  • to scientists. They`re generally solitary animals.

  • They`re found all over the world but in large numbers. Their relatively long gestation period

  • could be part of the reason why conservationists call

  • them vulnerable, meaning they face a high risk of going extinct in the wild.

  • Although great whites are apex predators who will eat just about anything, those who study

  • them say they should be respected but not hunted.

  • (BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

  • CHRIS FALLOWS, WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHER: Every time I see one around the boat I still get

  • that little buzz.

  • You know, whether it`s fear, whether it`s love, whether it`s hate, it`s their size,

  • it`s what they`re capable off.

  • SUBTITLE: The Great White.

  • FALLOWS: Ever since I saw my first great white shark, it stayed with me for the rest of my

  • life.

  • I`ve been working with them for 25 years.

  • To be in the water with a great white shark is an absolutely awesome experience.

  • SUBTITLE: Chris Fallows is a renowned wildlife photographer and a great white shark expert.

  • FALLOWS: When you get into the water, you`re not just going into their world, you`re going

  • -- and not only going to their world, you`re having

  • them accommodate you in their world and that`s the difference. We really need to do as much

  • as we can to conserve them.

  • JAMES WILLIAMS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Are they at risk of extinction?

  • FALLOWS: Absolutely. You know, it`s not just shark nets that are killing them. They`re

  • killed as by-catch and most sadly and I think most

  • wastefully, they`re killed for just their fins.

  • It`s not an enemy. And I think more and more people are beginning to realize this.

  • SUBTITLE: Chris Fallows gives cage driving tours in South Africa. Cage diving can be

  • seen as controversial. Chris Fallows sees it differently.

  • FALLOWS: If these boats were having a negative effect on them, and conditioning them, they

  • wouldn`t have a seasonality, because nobody wants

  • to see these sharks harmed.

  • To be in the same environment as an animal tht could catch, kill and consume you as quickly

  • as that if it wanted to and to have it tolerate you

  • is amazingly humbling.

  • SUBTITLE: The great white shark is currently protected in Australia, Israel, Malta, Namibia,

  • New Zealand, South Africa and the United States.

  • (END VIDEOTAPE)

  • AZUZ: Sticking with an animal them for "10 Out of 10" today, well, you`re just going

  • to have to love these tiger cubs. They are three Malayan

  • tigers, a critically endangered species. They were born a little over a week ago at the

  • Cincinnati Zoo. But their mother wasn`t taking care of

  • them, so zoo officials put them in the nursery to help them survive.

  • The zoo`s plan is to eventually bread these animals to help insure the continuation of

  • the species.

  • It sounds like a tig-great idea and just looking at them breeds oohs and aahs. But for right

  • now, they just do some ma-playin` and some ma-layin`

  • around. But soon, they`ll show their stripes in the zoo`s tiger exhibit which should introduce

  • them to good habitats.

  • I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

Hey, thanks for watching CNN 10. We hope your week is off to a good start and that it just

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CNN 10 13 February, 2017

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    Hien Tran posted on 2017/03/16
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