A2 Basic UK 99 Folder Collection
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Hi. I'm Tim and this is my Pronunciation Workshop. Here, I'm going to show you how English is
really spoken. Come on, let's go inside.
Hey, look at this: a present. All wrapped up in
paper. Now, do you know what this is? Well, if you could smell it, it might give you a clue.
Is it your old socks?
Very funny - No. No, it's not my old socks. It's something much, much nicer. Something
delicious in fact. Let's ask the people of London if they can tell what it is, without seeing it.
Fish and chips.
Fish and chips. Fish and chips.
Fish and chips. Fish and chips.
Yes, that's right. It's good old fish and chips. I'm going to save that for later.
Now the word 'and' has got three sounds, hasn't it? /æ/, /n/, /d/ - but listen again.
How is it pronounced in everyday speech?
Fish and chips.
Fish and chips. Fish and chips.
Fish and chips. Fish and chips.
And is not usually an important word. It's a basic conjunction and it's frequently unstressed.
When this happens, the /d/ at the end of the word disappears before both vowels and consonants,
and the vowel sound at the beginning of the word changes to schwa: /ə/, so 'and' becomes
/ən/ or even /n/ as the sounds are almost identical. Here are some more examples.
I'm going to go and get the shopping.
Apples and oranges are my favourite fruits. I've been thinking and thinking but I can't
decide. We went for a coffee and something to eat.
Right, so you've heard the examples, and now it's your turn. You know the drill. Listen
and repeat.
I'm going to go and get the shopping.
Apples and oranges are my favourite fruits.
I've been thinking and thinking but I can't decide.
We went for a coffee and something to eat.
Great work. Remember, if you want to learn more about pronunciation, then please visit
our website, bbclearningenglish dot com. And that is about it from the Pronunciation Workshop
for now. I'll see you next week. Bye! Now, there's only one thing to eat with fish 'n'
chips - and that's salt 'n' vinegar. This reminds me of one of my favourite jokes: What
do angry sharks eat? Fish 'n' ships. Get it? Fish 'n' ships! Oh, I don't know why I bother.
Ok, now, time to eat. What? What is this? What is going on? Where's the...? It really
is fish... and ships! Well that is the last time I'm telling that joke. This is no laughing
matter. I'm hungry now...
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Pronunciation: How do fluent speakers pronounce 'and'?

99 Folder Collection
pipus published on March 16, 2017
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